What does the lab technician do?
It is clear that the laboratory technicians are engaged in analysis. But what and how it is not at all clear. Therefore, we now talk about this. First of all, we want to note that there are simply laboratory assistants (specialists with secondary special education) and laboratory doctors (specialists with higher education). Laboratory assistants can have a different category (from first to higher), which they receive in special classes, referred to as refresher courses. Also, these specialists can work in different structures, namely in polyclinics, clinical hospitals, maternity hospitals, morgues and individual laboratories. It is the place of work and the level of education that determines the type of work of the laboratory assistant.
Laboratory assistants of polyclinics
Each large polyclinic has its own laboratory, where the sampling of the tests and their research are carried out. They work there as laboratory assistants with secondary education, and laboratory technicians. Analyzes are usually given on the prescription of the attending physician, who issues a voucher for the study. The main analyzes in the polyclinic are general clinical studies of blood and urine and biochemical blood tests. In women's clinics, polyclinics also give directions for tests to determine urogenital infections, cervical cervical tests and bacteriological studies of secretions from genital organs, as well as special genetic tests (screenings of pregnant women). All these studies are aimed at timely detection of the problem, differential diagnosis of the disease and the appointment of adequate correct treatment to the patient.
Laboratory Assistants of Clinical Hospitals
In clinical hospitals (not important, children or adults), the spectrum of possible analyzes is much broader. But there are several laboratories there. Usually in large institutions there is an emergency laboratory, a central laboratory, a bacteriological laboratory and a resuscitation laboratory. The laboratory technicians of the urgent laboratory, which is usually located in the emergency room, collect emergency tests, such as a general blood test, a general urine test, a blood sugar test, an urine test for acetone and some others to quickly assess the patient's condition and confirm the diagnosis . The laboratory of the reception department works round the clock. The central laboratory is engaged in a planned daily collection of analyzes from outpatients of all departments as directed by a doctor. There are already doing not only general clinical studies, but also more narrowly focused, for example, cytological examination of sputum, liquor and other biological fluids, biochemical blood analysis and others. The bacteriological laboratory performs the analysis of the tests for the microbiological flora. An example of such analyzes can be a study of blood and urine and other biological fluids on sterility, bacteriological seeding from the pharynx, nose, vagina, analysis of feces for dysbiosis and others. Also, the bacteriological department of the laboratory of the clinical hospital makes internal control of the sterility of the hospital rooms, surgical dressings and instruments. The bacteriological laboratory is usually located separately, and the entrance to it is strictly prohibited. Resuscitation laboratory is a separate laboratory, in which there is a doctor on duty to perform emergency tests. Here the laboratory worker performs general clinical and biochemical studies of blood and urine, as well as a blood test for the group and Rh factor, check the donor blood for compatibility. The resuscitation laboratory also works around the clock.
Laboratory assistants of maternity hospitals
In maternity hospitals, the organization of laboratories is similar to clinical hospitals. The only difference is the sampling of tests not only in pregnant women and those who gave birth, but also in newborns. In newborns, in addition to general clinical tests and the determination of the group and Rh factor, an analysis is also made for congenital genetic diseases. The laboratory of the maternity hospital works on duty. Here, doctors and laboratory assistants with secondary specialized education work as well.
The morgue technicians
Laboratory technicians of morgues, otherwise histologists produce and study cadaveric material to clarify or clarify the cause of death of a person. The second task of histologists is the study of surgically removed tumors (for determining the goodness or malignancy), parts of the removed organs, as well as abortive material. Histological analyzes are complex in preparation and research, so the lines of this analysis can be up to a month.
Laboratory assistants for individual laboratories
Such laboratories include private structures, laboratories under various scientific research institutes, as well as highly specialized laboratories. In private laboratories, virtually all types of tests are done. Both laboratory technicians and laboratory technicians work there. Scientific research institutes make narrowly focused studies (for example, analyzes for all kinds of hormones at the Institute of Endocrinology, a detailed blood test at the Institute of Hematology). Narrow-headed laboratories are engaged in research of analyzes of a certain type. Such laboratories can include HIV and AIDS trust offices, tuberculosis and others.
What diseases does the laboratory assistant treat?
Laboratory assistants and laboratory technicians do not cure diseases and do not even make diagnoses. They only help with the results of analyzes to determine the presence of a disease, to identify the pathogen, as well as to differentiate one disease from another. For example, due to the analysis it is possible to differentiate cystitis from pyelonephritis, hyperglycemic to whom from hypoglycemic, to distinguish malignant neoplasm from benign, appendicitis from renal colic, usual SARS from sore throats and much more.