Treatment is primarily symptomatic, then etiological. That is, first of all, you need to help, relieve itching as one of the leading symptoms. This will prevent complications, stabilize the situation. Then you can proceed to the diagnosis, during which it is necessary to identify the cause of the pathology. And only after that, you can move on to etiological therapy, which will be aimed at eliminating the cause. As a rule, eliminating the cause of the pathology, the symptoms disappear, and recovery occurs fairly quickly.
The main means of therapy is, first of all, traditional drug therapy. Assign various drugs, including anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory drugs. They also prescribe local medicinal products, such as ointments, gels and cream of antipruritic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic action.
In difficult cases, if the site of itching is combed, an infection has got into it, there has been a festering, there is a risk of developing an infection, it is necessary to apply antibiotics. If necessary, prescribe immunostimulants, antiviral agents (if there are indications for that). Alternative and homeopathic remedies, herbal remedies, various tanning products, after tanning are also used.
What to do and how to get rid of itching?
In order to eliminate itching, it is necessary first of all to use special means aimed at relieving itching. This and various ointments, and creams, and gels, which are designed to eliminate itching. Also used antiallergic agents that reduce the level of histamine in the blood. Accordingly, the level of irritation, redness, and itching will decrease. After the itching has subsided a little, redness should be removed, inflammation should be eliminated (if there is one). Also apply special moisturizers, ointments, masks. Positive effect of special tools after sunburn, which soothe irritated skin, relieve inflammation, irritation. Then, after removing the main irritation, you need to contact a dermatovenerologist. He will pass the necessary examination, and tell you what to do next.
If you do not know how to get rid of the itch that has been going on for several days, you need to consult a doctor, because you will need to diagnose and determine the exact causes that caused this itch. Only by removing the causes of pathology, you can get rid of the itch and its consequences. This will help various local and systemic remedies for the treatment of itching.
How to soothe the itch after sunburn?
Basically, local means are used to relieve itching, so as to soothe the skin after tanning. What exactly to use depends on the prescription of the doctor. It is based on diagnostic results. So, as a rule, local ointments that contain antipruritic and anti-inflammatory components are most effective. Well proven ointment, which include chondroitin, camphor, glycerin, nettle extracts, sea buckthorn oil, fatty components. It is not recommended to use substances that contain alcohol, because it dries the skin even more and leads to increased itching.
Remedies for itching after sunburn
For itching, it is recommended to apply special ointments, lotions, which are used immediately after tanning. These funds are usually aimed at eliminating dryness and irritation of the skin, its renewal. Both pharmaceutical and alternative products that can be prepared at home by yourself can be used. Of the drugs of systemic action, only anti-allergic drugs are used. But they are resorted to only if the local did not have an impact. At application it is necessary to observe precautionary measures - at first to check for an allergic reaction.
To do this, it is recommended to apply the tool in a small amount on the back side of the brush. It is necessary to withstand some time (until the ointment is absorbed), and then look at the reaction. So, if there is no redness or irritation - you can use the ointment for treatment. Side effects of such funds are rarely observed. Mostly they occur with overdose or individual intolerance, hypersensitivity. So, it may develop urticaria, redness, the spread of the nidus of the pathological process. Sometimes itching intensifies.
It is recommended to take suprastin as an antiallergic agent - a tablet 1-3 times a day (daily dosage averages 25 - 75 mg of the active substance per day). It should be borne in mind that the drug causes drowsiness. Its maximum concentration in the blood is detected 1-2 hours after administration, it is at this time that the concentration of attention decreases as much as possible, a person becomes lethargic, apathetic.
With the inefficiency of suprastin, you can try loratodin, which is its effective replacement. So, it is taken on a tablet per day. It acts for 24 hours, that is, it is a drug of prolonged action, which does not need to be taken often. As a rule, completely relieves the symptoms in 3 days. If necessary, treatment can be extended to 7 days.
When itching can help enterosorbent, which collects all the harmful substances, metabolic by-products, toxins. Also sorbents contribute to their binding, neutralization and further removal from the body. It should be noted that the sorbents are effective at an increased level of autoantibodies, with rheumatoid diseases. Apply on a tablespoon, pre-dissolved in a glass of warm boiled water. Drink twice a day.
It is also recommended to take acetylsalicylic acid, which helps to quickly relieve itching and reduce pain, as well as normalize the basic cellular parameters, biochemical parameters, both at the cellular and tissue levels. Take a tablet 1-2 times a day, depending on the severity of pain. It is usually not recommended to take this drug for a long time (no longer than 1-2 days until the appropriate treatment is prescribed). The drug is not prescribed to people who have a tendency to bleed, reduced blood clotting, because it dilutes the blood.
Creams and ointments for itching after sunburn
The Tramalgon ointment, which is applied to the skin in a thin layer, has proven itself well. It is recommended to apply directly to those areas that are most susceptible to itching, irritation and inflammatory process. Used for both rubbing and massage of the affected areas. The composition includes vegetable components, so side effects almost does not occur. The exception is cases of individual intolerance, hypersensitivity to the individual components of the ointment. The main action is realized through the badyagi extract, nettle, propolis, pepper oil, eucalyptus, arnica and camphor. It has analgesic, antipruritic, warming and regenerating effects on the body.
Ointment hops-antisept warms the body, has analgesic and disinfecting effect, relieves itching and inflammation, promotes skin renewal. Apply a thin layer to the skin. It is better to apply at least 3-4 times a day until the symptoms disappear.
Chloramphenicol ointment is used to relieve itching and inflammation, and also acts as an effective means of preventing infection, purulent and septic processes. Applied to the site of injury. It is recommended to undergo treatment - at least 7-10 days. It is recommended to apply at least 3 times a day, but not more than 7 times (depending on the severity of the symptoms).
Curiosin is applied with a thin layer to the affected areas 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is at least 30 days. This remedy, which is traditionally considered the main treatment for acne. But many experts use it to treat itching, which occurs after tanning. Curiosin is available in the form of a cream, ointment and gel. What means to choose for the treatment of itching does not matter, depends on the preferences of the patient. There are no fundamental differences between these forms in the treatment of itching. This can be important in treating acne. The use of curiosin for treating the effects of tanning is due to the fact that it contributes to the rapid recovery of the skin and the renewal of the surface layers of the skin, which is important for relieving itching.
To prepare take on a tablespoon of walnut leaves, aspen bark, leaves and shoots of marsh blueberry, bearberry leaves ordinary. All this is mixed, pour about 500 ml of brandy or brandy alcohol, then add half a teaspoon of aloe juice. All this insist at least 1-2 days, drink 50 ml per day. The course of treatment is at least 28 days (full biochemical cycle).
They take in equal shares the flowers of linden, grass of codweed marsh, grass of a succession of threefold, the root of a peony evading. Take about 2-3 tablespoons of each component, add about 20 grams of honey, pour 500 ml of vodka or pure alcohol, insist at least 5 days, drink in small quantities twice a day, 28 days.
As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol. Then add about a tablespoon of the following components: the root of the burn dung, fruit and rowan juice, grass, bird cherry ordinary. Mix, then set aside and give the opportunity to brew for 2-3 days. Then you need to strain the infusion. Take 50 grams of cottage cheese and 3-4 tablespoons of the resulting infusion. All this is mixed until a uniform concentration is formed. All this mush must be eaten per day.
As the results show, alternative treatment turns out to be the maximum effect in the complex therapy, when it also includes systemic drugs, vitamins, and, if necessary, physiotherapy.
From plants used horse sorrel. It has antipruritic, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as saturates the body with vitamins, in particular, with vitamin C. It promotes rapid recovery and renewal of the skin.
A decoction of oak bark is used for oral administration (a tablespoon 2-3 times a day). It is also recommended to use as compresses, lotions. Apply in several layers, then tied for 2-3 hours. Healing usually occurs already after 5-10 days.
The leaves of the plantain large is used for oral administration, as well as in the form of poultices. Inside take a third of the cup three times a day, which allows you to quickly and effectively relieve itching. Lotions do daily at the same time. For this gauze is moistened in a warm broth, put on the place of itching. Also recommended to create a "greenhouse effect" on top of cellophane cover. The course of treatment is 7-10 days.
Despite the fact that at first glance, homeopathy is a relatively safe method of treatment, it should be taken with the observance of basic precautions. This will avoid numerous side effects. The main precaution is to always consult a doctor. It should be borne in mind that side effects can be quite serious. This is especially true for complications of the kidneys, liver, possible intoxication.
To prepare take a tablespoon of snake mountaineer, decoction of ash bark, pomegranate root and bark, honeysuckle flowers. All this is mixed with starch previously diluted to a mushy state, allowed to stand for 1-2 hours, and then applied in a thin layer on the skin (in the form of a mask). Hold for 20-30 minutes, wash off with warm water. After that you can apply a moisturizer.
Take a tablespoon of propolis and honey, mix with 2-3 tablespoons of jam or mashed blueberry and blackberry, pour about 500 ml of red wine (for example, Cahors wine), then add half a teaspoon of ground ginger. All this insist at least 3-4 days, drink 50 ml per day. The course of treatment is at least 28 days (full biochemical cycle).
They take in equal parts lemon, garlic and propolis, previously passed through a meat grinder. Take about 2-3 tablespoons of each component, add about half a glass of pre-boiled oatmeal, infuse for at least 2 hours, apply in small quantities on the skin in the area of itchiness, twice a day, 28 days. It is recommended to withstand at least 20 minutes. Top can be covered with cellophane, impose dry heat to enhance the effect. Then rinse with warm water or vegetable broth. You can apply a moisturizer on top.
As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol. Then add approximately one tablespoon of the following components: small-fruited macleya, bait, motherwort grass, heather grass, dried eggs, valerian rhizome. Stir, insist for at least a day. Drink 2-3 tablespoons twice a day, at least a month.
In cognac or brandy alcohol (500 ml) add a tablespoon of lily of the valley flowers, levzey sofloroid. Then make 2-3 drops of ethereal thuja. Drink a tablespoon twice a day.