Advice of a forensic expert
Forensic medical examination in cases of professional crimes of medical personnel has a number of specific features. It is appointed after an official check. It is carried out by the doctors of another hospital. Employees of another medical institution must first draw up an act in which they indicate defects in diagnosis or treatment that entail consequences for the health of the patient. The crimes connected with negligence of doctors, are classified so:
- Intentional professional crimes.
- Actions by negligence.
- Medical errors in the diagnosis, treatment and violation of the ethics of a medical worker.
Forensic medical examination in cases of unprofessional medical practices answers a number of questions: what diseases the patient had, whether the diagnosis was correctly diagnosed, whether it was possible to diagnose correctly, what was done and if not done, why it was done correctly treatment, whether it led to the development of side effects, whether the patient had contraindications to taking this medication, etc.
Every citizen should know what to do to protect himself from the negligence of the doctor. How do you know if a medical error has been committed against you or your loved ones?
- The person became worse after the help rendered.
- For a long time after medical care there are no signs of improvement.
- There was a disability or death after the provision of medical care.
We advise you to always keep the checks received at the pharmacy and all documentation, medical history, discharge, medical card. This can help you defend your rights in case of a medical error. Remember - there is no statute of limitations in cases of medical errors. The case of medical errors can last a long time - about 2 years.
Also in the practice of a forensic expert there are often damages caused by careless handling of hunting weapons. Hunting has been developing rapidly over the past few decades, but, unfortunately, not all hunter-lovers cautiously handle hunting weapons. To investigate such cases, special knowledge of physics is required. In this case, the expert's task is to determine the serviceability of the weapon, whether it is suitable for shooting, and what effort it takes to make a shot. Also, the cause of the shot is established, and weapons experts are sometimes invited separately.
On domestic soil often there are beatings - repeated infliction of minor bodily injuries. The expert's task is to identify these injuries, mark their number and the object they were dealt with. Also in practice, there are cases of torture - more prolonged in time than beating, causing pain by plucking, burning, etc. Excruciating - a prolonged deprivation of food, drink, heat.
Victims, who are seriously harmed by health, are sent to hospital for treatment. In this case, the expert is at the hospital, shows his identity and the decision of the investigator or court to conduct an examination. He talks with the attending physician of the victim, he gives the forensic medical expert a medical record, an extract with the results of the analyzes. If the victim is conscious, a conversation is held with the victim in the ward. All the complaints of the injured expert enters into the act.
The degree of harm to health is established by the expert not only at the examination of living persons, but also in case of death. Harm to health is assessed as severe if such damages were established:
- Damage to the heart.
- Damage to the liver.
- Massive bleeding with damage to large vessels, for example, the aorta.
- Embolism with air, fat, thromboembolism.
- Shock, coma, collapse, hepatic and renal failure, gangrene.
If you need to establish the loss of general and professional ability to work to save money or raise the issue of disability, do not apply to a forensic expert, but to a medical and social expert commission.
Damages received before the incident are not taken into account by the forensic medical expert. In the presence of multiple injuries, damage is added up. In order for the expert to assess the degree of loss of general and professional work capacity, provide him with an act on an accident at work or an act on an accident at home. You must submit the original documents for examination. In the event of an industrial injury, the enterprise in full must compensate you for the material costs of medicines, increased dietary intake, sanatorium treatment, including transportation costs. The amount of damage is calculated from the day you received the injury. So delaying the examination for a few months or a year should not bother you. Such cases are not carried out quickly, but if properly prepared for each meeting, the damage will be paid in full.
Experts are faced with cases of simulation, when a healthy person portrays a patient, staged an attack or rape. Often this is done to mitigate the punishment either out of revenge, or to get insurance in the event of an accident. Often, in order to exclude the neurotic nature of the simulation, the commission involving a psychologist and a psychiatrist is involved.
The simulator is usually prepared for submission, but you should know that modern methods of diagnosis can not be fooled. Examination of the simulation is carried out by experienced and patient experts. An attentive expert will ask the patient in detail (or only the depicting patient, but the essence of the examination is reduced to evidence, not guesswork) about his complaints, the beginning and course of the illness and will conduct a survey. The expert should treat the witness with respect, not express his attitude to the fact of the simulation even after it is established.
Dissimulation is the concealment of a disease. For example, a rapist hides on the body traces of resistance to the victim.
Aggravation is the weighting of the existing disease.
Artificially caused diseases are also not uncommon in the practice of a forensic expert. For example, it can be dermatitis or phlegmon, dislocation, respiratory diseases, for example, bronchitis caused by inhalation of harmful substances, colitis, fistula, hemorrhoids. And also diseases of the throat, ear, nose, vision, gynecological and urological diseases and starvation, for example, in prison. Based on many years of experience, it can be shown that the disease was caused artificially, but at the same time, as with the simulation, the expert does not show his suspicions.
To evade military service, resourceful young men sometimes engage in self-mutilation. You can prove the fact of self-harm during the investigation experiment.
Thanatology is the science of dying and dying. She studies the dynamics of dying, the agony, the causes of death. Unfortunately, 25% of experts work is work with corpses, really complicated and unpleasant, requiring aging and stress resistance. The task of a forensic expert in the examination of a corpse:
- To establish, death was violent or non-violent.
- What caused the death.
- What kind of diagnosis caused death.
Sometimes death does not come from damage, but later. This should also establish a forensic expert. If it was violent actions on the part of another person, the person is responsible for the death from complications, and not for damage. The court determines the degree of responsibility. If a person died in the hospital from the injuries received, the person who caused the injuries also lays the responsibility. With a penetrating wound, death can come from both blood loss, and from shock, infection, or organ damage. Sometimes the cause of death is several factors.
Every day, forensic experts forensic medicine face tragedies, courageously look into the eyes of death, administer justice, protect civilians, such as us and you from danger. Thank them for that. Not all offenders are mordovorots, not particularly, let's say, gifted intellectually. Sometimes it is very difficult to unravel the tangle of contradictions in a criminal offense. Criminals for various reasons can become intelligent and educated people. If you have a desire to become a forensic expert, think about whether you can bear this responsibility. You need an impeccable reputation and professionalism. In general, of course, these are the qualities needed by any medical employee. Bravery, willpower, intuition, "expert scent" - the mandatory qualities of a forensic expert.