What does the audiologist do?
The surdologist diagnoses and treats hearing impairments. It is necessary to address to the audiologist, if it is difficult to determine the direction of sound, if it is difficult to make out speech in crowded places. The surdologist examines the ear with an otoscope and diagnoses the hearing, turning to a whisper. Based on the results of the survey, the hearing aid is selected.
The problem is that 8-10% of people have hearing loss, but you can not notice at home that you do not hear well, because you can guess a lot on the meaning. So the brain compensates for hearing impairment.
A Surgeon becomes an ENT who has passed specialization in ear diseases. What leads to hearing loss:
- The habit is not to part with the player, but to spend the weekend constantly at discos and concerts.
- Work in noisy industries without headphones.
- Head injuries.
- Severe otitis media.
- Unsuccessful treatment with neurotoxic antibiotics.
- Congenital disorders of the structure of the middle and inner ear, or auditory nerve.
- Acquired neuropathies of the auditory nerve after the transferred diseases of the brain.
After the doctor has established a hearing impairment and found out why a person began to hear badly, he suggests ways of solving this problem.
Worried about hearing loss, sudden or chronic, otosclerosis and tinnitus, can not hear the ringtone on the phone or the doorphone call, often ask to repeat what has been said, are you being asked to talk more quietly? Often you need to make the TV louder, otherwise you do not hear anything? Quickly go to the audiologist.
Otosclerosis is a disease in which the bone of the middle ear grows. Signs of the disease are 20% of people. It first appears at the end of puberty. Signs of otosclerosis: noise in the ears, hearing loss.
Deafness is a significant loss of hearing in which a person can not perceive speech, and hearing loss is a significant loss of hearing, in which the ability to perceive speech is preserved. Deafness is due to the presence in the ear canal of sulfur plug and damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve. In this case, they talk about neurosensory hearing loss. Its causes: trauma, taking certain medications, brain diseases, rubella. Hearing aids are used to compensate for hearing loss with hearing loss. They are attached to the back or inside the ear. Intrachannel apparatuses are preferable for people who are shy of their illness, but they are more expensive than external ones.
Noises in the ears are noted with otitis, obstruction of the auditory tube, tumors of the middle ear and trauma, as well as anemia and atherosclerosis, and other vascular diseases.
With all these conditions, you will be assisted by a surdologist.
What diseases are treated by the audiologist?
The surdologist treats hearing impairment both conservatively and operatively. Laser treatment and other types of physiotherapy are used.
Ménière's disease is the defeat of the inner ear with a decrease in hearing and noise in the ears. The disease begins in 40-50 years. Accompanied by noise in the ears and their congestion, numbness of the auricle.
Acoustic neurinoma is a slowly developing benign tumor that causes a loss of sense of balance.
The surdologist treats all hereditary, congenital and acquired pathologies of hearing: otosclerosis, perforation of the tympanic membrane and other disorders. Gradual hearing loss is normal after 25 years. At first the person ceases to hear only sounds of very high frequency. But nevertheless expressed deafness, interfering with normal communication, is considered in the order of things not at such a young age, but after 55 years. To such people the hearing therapist selects the hearing aid.
It is important that the examination at the hearing therapist be comfortable, especially at the children's reception. Therefore, children are tested for hearing in a playful form.