Vinegar, like any other substance, can bring both benefit and harm to man. The use of vinegar is undeniable: it is widely used in everyday life, in cooking. Preparation of dishes, preservation can not do without vinegar. With the statement about the harm of this substance, it's also hard not to agree: acetic essence becomes the cause of headaches, abuse leads to kidney damage and damage to the liver and stomach. If ingested a large amount of acetic essence or inhaling its vapors, poisoning with vinegar may occur. This condition can be very severe, and often ends in a fatal outcome.
Despite the apparent safety of acetic essence, vinegar poisoning can be very dangerous, and even fatal. Requires immediate assistance. First of all, it is important to neutralize the action of the toxin, to remove it from the body. Only after that it is possible to pass to stabilization of a condition, normalization of the basic indicators and regenerative treatment.
The main danger of vinegar is that poisoning is accompanied by swelling, inflammatory processes, chemical burns. The degree of severity of the pathological process is determined by the concentration, the amount of the substance that has got inside. In many ways, the symptoms of intoxication depend on how vinegar has got into the body. When vinegar hits the oral cavity, first a chemical burn develops, then the integrity of the mucous membrane is disrupted, severe damage to the digestive tract and stomach can develop. If ingested, there are significant abnormalities in the blood.
Damage to the brain during poisoning with vinegar
Poisoning is often accompanied by brain damage, especially if it was not possible to provide first aid in a timely manner, and poison entered the bloodstream into the bloodstream, and then spread throughout the body.
At the heart of pathogenesis is a pathological change in the structure and function of the brain, which occurs under the influence of toxins, which directly penetrated the brain tissue with blood flow. Also often the cause is a disorder of cerebral circulation, or damage to the brain by autoimmune complexes that are formed in the body in response to the poison, have a high toxicity and aggressiveness, even with regard to internal tissues.
In the first place, inter-neural connections in the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures are disturbed. Gradually, the inter-neural connections, synapses are destroyed, and the neurons themselves are destroyed. The most dangerous is a violation of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, neuroendocrine regulation.
The reactivity of the cellular and tissue structures of the brain changes quite strongly, which is accompanied by the appearance of excessive excitation or irritation, especially in the early stages of toxin exposure.
Usually, the brain damage manifests itself dramatically. The main symptoms are syncope and sudden loss of consciousness, seizures and burning pains. The person is tormented by a feeling of squeezing, twisting the muscles of the limbs, less often - of the neck. Usually a person loses consciousness, or goes into a coma, which in the absence of adequate maintenance therapy can last long enough.
If the brain damage is insignificant, the symptoms can gradually increase. Often there is a dizziness, which is amplified by sudden movements, a change in the position of the body. Gradually, there are seizures, hallucinations. Such symptoms may resemble alcohol intoxication. At first glance, it may seem that a person is drunk. Often with gradual progression of the disease, sleep disturbance occurs, a person begins to rave, there is weakness, chills, and body temperature rises. Gradually, there are changes in the human psyche.
First of all, the behavior, coordination of movements, speech and sleep are disturbed. A person becomes emotionally overexcited, unrestrained, aggressive, can act in a state of affect, without controlling his actions.
, , , , 
Hemoglobinuria nephrosis with poisoning with vinegar
This disease implies the deposition of hemoglobin in the kidney cells. In this case, the renal tubules are affected. First of all, their functional state is violated. The main feature that arises in the early stages of pathology is an increase in the sensitivity of the body to the effects of various drugs, temperature factors. There may be pain when urinating, which is accompanied by a violation of urine filtration, reabsorption processes.
The disease in most cases is not immediately apparent, whereas the lesion occurs immediately after ingestion of a large amount of acetic essence. As a rule, a person begins to worry chills, a fever arises, which in most cases is characterized as an aseptic condition, in which the infectious process does not develop, nevertheless, acute damage to the structure and function of the kidneys develops and progresses the inflammatory process.
In the urine appears a large amount of protein, there may be impurities of blood. This can lead to the formation of clots, casts that disrupt the lumen of blood vessels, lead to the formation of blood clots. This helps to damage first the epithelial cells, then - the violation tubular synthesis. A large amount of free radicals is formed, intensive lipid peroxidation occurs, which negatively affects the overall metabolic processes and contributes to the disturbance and deterioration of the general state of the organism. The danger is also in the hemoglobin, which enters the body. It can cause further impairment of kidney function.
The consequence of intoxication with vinegar can be acute hemolysis, which triggers proliferative processes in the renal tubules. They damage primarily the epithelial tissue, and also leads to degenerative processes in the endothelial glomeruli. A rather dangerous condition is the degenerative processes that develop in the epithelium of the tubules. The process can be accompanied by hemorrhage and interstitium, which externally manifests itself as anemia, jaundice, azotemia. According to histological signs, this disease has many similarities with necrotic processes in the kidneys. It is important to make a differential diagnosis to exclude the possibility of developing necrotic processes, which can also occur when poisoning any origin. Usually necrosis is accompanied by swelling and exfoliation of epithelial cells. They have the property of falling into the lumen of the tubules, as a result of which the tubular basal membrane is exposed. There is an expansion of the proximal tubules, as well as a flattening of epithelial tissues, as a result of which the brush border breaks down and intensive hemosiderin release occurs.