What should I do if a blister forms after a burn? Treatment should begin with local therapeutic measures: stopping contact with an aggressive factor, removing foreign bodies, clothing from a damaged surface, cooling with ice or running water, and anesthesia. Relieve pain better than small doses of pain medications, but often. If the injuries are on the limbs, it's best to keep it in an elevated state. The skin around the burn is treated with an antiseptic. The main task at this stage is not to infect the infection, improve the local blood circulation, and establish metabolic processes. Help in the treatment of blisters after the burn special aerosols, ointments, solutions, hydrophobic coatings with paraffin and wax. If the area of the burn exceeds the size of the palm, or the area of the face, neck, and groin has suffered, it is necessary to contact the medical institution after the first urgent measures.
Can I pierce the blister after the burn?
If it's small, then it's best not to touch it. A large bubble can be punctured with a disinfected sharp object or trimmed, if you are sure of sterility, but in any case do not cut it. The exfoliated skin is the protection of the wound from the penetration of the infection.
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The first actions after a burn consist in the treatment of the damaged area with the use of medications: antiseptics and hypertonic solutions, for example, saline solution. Antiseptics prevent the development of bacteria and microorganisms, and hence the formation of suppuration. Hydrogen peroxide, boric acid, a weak solution of potassium permanganate, silver nitrate, silver sulfadiosin, a solution of furacilin, etc. Can be used as such. Analgesics can be used to relieve pain: ibuprofen, nurofen, cytromone, citropak, ketonal, analgin, paracetamol, etc.
Nurofen refers to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Produced for oral administration in the form of tablets, chewable tablets for children, capsules, suspension and syrup, for external use - as an ointment and gel. Oral daily dose of 0.2-0.8 g for 3-4 doses, externally - lubricate the lesion site 3-4 times a day. The drug is contraindicated for stomach ulcers, colitis, high blood pressure, heart failure, pregnancy in the 3rd trimester. Do not apply to an open wound. There is a possible side effect: nausea, vomiting, flatulence, oppression of hematopoiesis, increased pressure, allergies.
Than to process blisters after a burn? To normalize the tissues affected by the burn, special ointments, gels, solutions, aerosols are used: linkcoel, levosin, procane, nitacide, miramistin, olazole, panthenol, etc. We recommend the following ointments from blisters after a burn:
Lincocele - is available in ointments and gels. The active substance is an antibiotic, lincomycin, which determines the antimicrobial effect of the drug. It is used mainly for thermal burns. Apply a thin layer under the bandage once a day. Side effects occur rarely in the form of allergies. Contraindicated with hypersensitivity to the drug.
Nitacid - ointment for external use, a combined drug, which has an antibiotic in its composition, has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action. Apply under the bandage 2-3 times a week. Contraindicated in children, pregnant, lactating mothers and people prone to allergies to the drug. There may be adverse reactions in the form of skin rashes. With prolonged use in large areas, there may be headaches, difficulty breathing, nausea.
Successfully applied and sprays for healing burn wounds.
Panthenol Spray - applied once or twice a day to a site that requires treatment. If the face is damaged, do not spray directly, you must first apply to the hand, and then cover the foam with a burn. The use of panthenol can cause skin irritation, itching. Pregnant and lactating women can only be used as prescribed by the doctor, if the benefits exceed the risk of harming the child. Contraindicated with hypersensitivity to the drug.
The next stage of treatment of burns uses ointments that stimulate skin regeneration, which restore metabolic mechanisms in the cells of skin tissues, increasing the strength of collagen fibers. These include methyluracil, beponen, streptonitol, and others.
Bepantene ointment - is applied to the ground areas. The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor, depending on the complexity of the lesions. Side effects are possible as skin rashes, itching. Has no contraindications for pregnant women and children. In rare cases, it causes allergic manifestations.
In order not to damage the newly formed epithelium when bandaging, use mesh hydrophobic coatings with paraffin and wax.
What if the blister has burst after a burn?
If after the burn the blister has burst itself, then it is necessary to take all the above-described actions to avoid entering the infection into the wound, and in no case to cut the skin that formed the bladder. It will serve as a protective film against the penetration of bacteria. Than to process the bursted blister after a burn? The algorithm of actions is the same: treatment with antiseptic solution, anesthesia, application of ointments, sprays. Do you need a bandage for a burst blister after a burn? Yes, it is better to bandage. There is a new generation of special dressings that provide moisture to the environment, removal of serous fluid and necrotic tissue, maintaining a stable temperature, protecting against external infections. These dressings are treated with medications (gels, ointments, sprays), and their replacement is painless and can only be done once every two weeks. Well-established granuflex, aquasel, merlex, combinox, diosep, etc.
To accelerate the healing of a burn wound and strengthen its immunity, it is necessary to take vitamins. This will require vitamin C, which contributes to the formation of collagen - a fiber of the fibrous part of the rumen. Vitamin D, A, Group B will also help in healing. Vitamin E helps to heal the healing. Initially, it must be taken internally, and when the wound is tightened, an ointment with its content can be used to lubricate the burn surface.
With minor injuries, physiotherapy methods are most likely not needed. In case of serious burns, they are a good method to speed up the regeneration of the skin, improve the blood supply to affected areas of the body, remove inflammation, anesthetize, reduce scarring. To do this, such physiotherapy methods as ultraviolet irradiation, electro- and ultrasound therapy, UHF-, laser-, magnetotherapy, darsenval, aeroionotherapy are suitable.
Alternative treatment can be resorted to if a minor injury is obtained as a result of a burn. In the recipes of alternative medicine, the use of various oils, fats of animal origin is often encountered. Official medicine is categorically against it. Therefore, in my recommendations I will limit myself to the oils of medicinal plants: fir, sea-buckthorn, mackerel - several times a day to lubricate them with a damaged surface. You can also apply washed cabbage leaf, grated raw potatoes, grated carrots, do baths in a weak saline solution. Aloe, Kalanchoe - all known plants that used to stand on almost every window sill, and now, unfortunately, are replaced by more fashionable ones. After tearing the leaf, it is necessary to remove the upper peel and expose the flesh, which will be in contact with the wound, secure with a bandage. Similarly, you can use the golden mustache. It is also recommended to use fresh urine for disinfection of the wound.
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There are many herbs in nature that can be used for burns. For people who have grown "on the ground," the most popular remedy for various wounds is the plantain leaf. To find it, you just have to bend down and tear it, it's everywhere around us. It should be well rinsed, applied to the wound and a bandage applied. Calendula has a reputation for healing plants. From its tincture, combined with Vaseline (1: 2), you can also prepare a medicine for burns. Scrolling on the grinder leaves burdock, you can use their pulp for lotions. In the same way, the rhubarb stems are added with honey, add to the damaged surface.
With burns that cause the appearance of blisters, apply homeopathic remedies cantaris, urnica urens, apis, rus tox, sulfururicum acidum.
Kantaris - used for burns of any origin. A preparation is made from a spanish fly by rubbing it into powder. It is used both for external use and inside, starting from the sixth, sometimes 12 dilutions. For external use, a few drops of the drug are diluted in the water with a damaged surface.
Urnica Urens is a remedy made from the flowers of the nettle burning. From it do lotions on the burn area. As they dry up, they are moistened again. This drug is most often used for burns with boiling water with strong pain, itching. It markedly accelerates the healing time.
Apis is a preparation made on the basis of bee venom. In the treatment of blisters from burns, ointment with the addition of belladonna is used.
Rus tox - effective when getting the infection in the wound, suppuration. It is made from plant toxicodendron and is used as a homeopathic dilution.
Sulphuricum acidum - is used mainly for chemical burns, sulfuric acid is based on it. It is used in dilutions from 3 to 30.
All of the above homeopathic remedies have contraindications for hypersensitivity to the drug, undesirable for pregnant and lactating women, small children. Side effects can be in the form of redness, burning, itching occur when they get on the skin in a concentrated state.
As a rule, burns of the second degree, which is characterized by the appearance of blisters, do not cause deep damage to the dermis, so they do not require surgical treatment. Blisters can simply be opened to accelerate healing, to allow the serous fluid to flow out.