Symptoms of an allergy to cosmetics
Allergy to cosmetics symptoms include the following: the skin turns red and starts itching, there is swelling, burning, tingling. There are two types of allergic manifestations on cosmetic products - it's a simple dermatitis and allergic. Symptoms with simple dermatitis are accompanied by the onset of inflammatory processes of the skin - redness, swelling, itching, which appear after direct contact of the skin with the allergen. As a rule, simple dermatitis occurs much more often than allergic and occurs when irritation and damage to the skin. The initial signs of simple dermatitis include itching, skin peeling, rashes red, watery blisters. Allergic dermatitis is an individual reaction to a particular substance. Symptoms are usually the same as with simple dermatitis - redness, swelling, rashes, the skin becomes very sensitive and starts itching, there may be a runny nose, a darkening of the skin around the eyes. Manifestations of an allergic reaction to cosmetics can be localized on the surface of virtually any part of the body.
Allergy to decorative cosmetics
Allergies to decorative cosmetics may occur due to the individual intolerance of any of its components. In particular, an allergic reaction can occur on the following constituents of decorative cosmetics:
- Preservatives. They are one of the main allergens that make up cosmetics. In cosmetics, this element is added to increase shelf life. Preservatives in cosmetics are found, for example, in the form of salicylic acid, benzoic acid, etc.
- Dyes. Colorants are contained in almost all cosmetics. When choosing cosmetics, preference should be given to products containing natural dyes.
- Elements for bleaching. Bleaching agents, such as, for example, hydroquinone, hydrogen peroxide, are part of creams and lotions and can cause allergies.
- Fragrances. To make the fragrance cosmetics manufacturers use different fragrances. The cheaper the cosmetics, the higher the probability that it contains artificial fragrances that can provoke an allergic reaction. Natural fragrances in turn can also cause allergies.
- Bioadditives. Bioactive additives, including natural ones, are also often a causative agent of an allergic reaction.
- Formaldehyde resins. They are part of the lacquer for painting nails.
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How does the allergy to cosmetics appear?
First of all, it should be noted that the manifestations of allergies in each person are strictly individual, but there is a conditional division of allergic reactions for the most common and common symptoms. Firstly, this skin irritation, which occurs when the skin is directly contacted with the irritant and manifests itself in the form of red spots, peeling, wrinkling of the skin. There may be formation of small bubbles on the surface of the skin, discomfort when touching the skin, there is usually no itching in such cases. Secondly, it is an excessive sensitivity of the skin, which may not appear externally, but there may be unpleasant sensations accompanied by tingling or tightening of the skin. The third group of allergic manifestations includes immediate allergic reactions, which can make themselves felt even after a week after contacting the allergen. In such cases, the skin begins to itch, until a very strong itch appears, blushes, flakes off, a rash is covered. Treatment in the presence of unwanted skin reactions after using a cosmetic product depends on how the allergy to cosmetics is manifested. Common manifestations for various forms of allergy can be itching, erythema, eczematids, eczema. Erythemas appear as red spots, which change their color to pale when pressed on the affected area. Exematids can be placed in isolation in certain places or spread throughout the body. As a rule, they have the appearance of round or oval formations with a pale pink color, which can be covered with a thin crust, and do not cause itching. Eczema manifests itself in the form of various eruptions on the skin, causing burning and itching.
Allergy on the face from cosmetics
Allergy to the face from cosmetics can occur when using various masks and facial scrubs, cleansing lotions, foams, tonics, as well as powder, cream, blush, shadows, carcass, lipstick, etc. When you see an allergic reaction from cosmetics on the face, you can use the following means: moisten a handkerchief in milk or yogurt and yogurt and gently wipe the skin of the face, after which wash with warm boiled water. To wipe your face with allergy, you can also use herbal infusions, for example, chamomile or sage, as well as black tea. Applications from potato starch can also help in the event of an allergic reaction to cosmetics. Potato starch or rice is applied to the affected areas for about forty minutes, after which the skin is carefully cleaned with water and blotted with a paper towel. Depending on the degree of manifestation of allergies, antihistamines, local ointments, and calcium preparations may be prescribed for treatment. For the period of treatment from the use of any kind of cosmetics is recommended to abstain.
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Allergy in the eyes of cosmetics
Allergy in the eyes of cosmetics can occur when using shadows, mascara, pencil and other cosmetics that directly contact the eye area. The most common forms of allergic reactions in the eyes are allergic dermatitis of the eyelids and various kinds of conjunctivitis. When allergic dermatitis occurs, the eyelid lesions occur, characterized by reddening, itching and accompanied by puffiness of the skin of the face, the appearance of a rash. With allergic conjunctivitis, redness and tearing of the eyes are noted, and sometimes mucus secretion. In acute allergic reaction, conjunctivitis may be accompanied by a distinct glass-like swelling of the mucous membrane of the eye. For any manifestations of eye allergy, immediately contact an ophthalmologist or an allergist. A qualified examination will help to correctly differentiate the symptoms and establish a diagnosis, after which the necessary treatment will be prescribed.
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