What does a toxicologist do?
The toxicologist deals with acute and chronic poisoning and is able to solve a wide range of problems including knowledge of chemistry, biochemistry, physiology, immunology, genetics, etc. The toxicologist's task consists in the clinical and laboratory diagnosis of poisoning, the clinical interpretation of the obtained laboratory data, in the development of effective and qualified treatment poisonings, in the study of the epidemiology of poisoning, their causes and preventive measures.
Specificity of the toxicology doctor's work is to quickly and qualitatively take the right decisions and build the right treatment tactics for acute poisoning. A toxicologist must be collected in any situation in order to competently provide the necessary help and facilitate the patient's condition.
The toxicologist should be aware of the options for the effects on human organs and systems of medicinal preparations, plant and animal poisons, chemical compounds, alcohol and narcotic drugs, nicotine. The doctor must understand the specifics of military, aviation, judicial and even cosmic toxicology, to know the toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics of all poisons known on the planet.
What diseases are treated by a toxicologist?
A toxicologist treats acute and chronic poisoning (intoxication) - pathological conditions that are associated with the exposure of a human body to a poison. The role of the poison can be performed by almost any chemical substance that can provoke the disruption of vital functions and create a danger to human viability. As a rule, the culprits of poisoning are poisonous substances that have been ingested, or come into the body from outside.
Poisoning can be accompanied by:
- toxic effects on the liver;
- toxic damage to the urinary system (kidneys);
- violation of cardiac activity;
- respiratory function disorder;
- damage to the brain.