Doctor's advice for speech therapist
The advice of a speech therapist doctor will not be superfluous and will be useful to parents of children of different ages, especially since speech problems are now quite frequent.
Specialists-speech therapists noted this pattern - in children who have problems with speech there is a lack of appetite. Eating an apple or carrot becomes a whole problem. This is because the jaw muscles of such children are underdeveloped, which actually hinders the development of the articulatory apparatus. In order to develop jaw muscles and articulatory apparatus, it is necessary to accustom a child to chewing crusts of dried bread, you can even crackers, whole fruits and vegetables, small pieces of meat. To develop the muscles of the tongue and cheeks, you can teach the child to inflate the cheeks and roll the air from the cheek to the cheek.
It is important to develop fine motor skills, the child needs to move fingers as much as possible, for example, to press the keys of the phone, fasten buttons, lace up shoes. Such finger training should be done regularly. As the development of finger motility, the child's speech is formed and becomes clearer.
The development of motility is facilitated by modeling. But it is necessary to ensure that the baby does not take clay in his mouth.
Many parents do not give the child a pair of scissors. On sale there are special scissors for children, excluding the possibility of injury. Cutting with such scissors will be an excellent training, which develops the motor skills of children's fingers.
Few know that the sounds of speech are formed by an air stream that leaves their lungs in the larynx, through the pharynx and mouth.
Normal sound formation is possible due to proper speech breathing, which creates a condition for the normal loudness of speech, the preservation of smooth speech, expressiveness and intonation. Disturbed speech breathing can be the result of a general weakening of adenoidal dilatation, all kinds of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Insufficient attention of adults to the development of the child's speech provokes such violations of speech breathing, irrational use of exhalation, incomplete renewal of air reserves. The child with a weak exhalation-inhalation evident difficulties with loudness of speech, pronunciation of phrases.
The irrational consumption of air disrupts the smoothness of speech, in view of the fact that the child needs to breathe in the middle of the sentence. Very often a child with such problems may not speak the words and at the end of the phrase go to a whisper or end a long phrase, the child speaks on the breath, while speech will be convulsive, fuzzy, with choking. A short exhalation does not give the child a logical pause in speech and he speaks quickly.
Developing the child's speech breath, first of all, you need to form the correct, sufficient strength, a smooth exhalation of the mouth. This exhalation should be gradual. The child needs to explain the need for a gradual exhalation and economical air consumption.
It is very important to develop the child's ability to direct air flows in a certain direction. This can be practiced during games with the child. In doing so, you must constantly monitor the correctness of the child's breathing.
The right oral breath is preceded by the right inhalation. Exhaling is done by a set of a full chest of air through the nose. Exhale need air smoothly without jolting. When exhaling, the lips need to be folded with a tube, without squeezing or inflating the cheeks. Exhalation is necessary through the mouth, not breathing air through the nose. To the child felt the air coming out through the mouth, hold his nostrils briefly. The exhalation should be complete, until the air is completely exhaled. Make sure that during a conversation or singing, the child does not gain air with frequent short breaths.
Carrying out the games developing the child's breathing, keep in mind the possible dizziness in the child. Therefore, it is necessary to limit the duration of such games or the alternation with other developmental exercises.
Of course, the role of parents and close people in the child's speech development is significant. In some cases, it is enough to concentrate the attention of the baby on the correct pronunciation of sounds, and he happily repeats these sounds. With the arising difficulties of pronunciation of sounds, it is necessary to further develop the articulatory muscles with the help of special gymnastics. If the expiration of the month spent lessons pronunciation is not improved, you need a speech therapist. Further nonprofessional studies with the child may contribute to the development of improper pronunciation or even the unwillingness of the child to do anything.
Parents of the baby need to monitor their speech, because they are role models and the first words the child hears from parents.
Parents need to communicate with the child as an equal. The distortion of sound reproduction by the type of "syzyukaniya", "babbling" intonations, imitation of the child's speech is also excluded. The speech of parents should be clear, moderate pace.
When communicating with a child, do not use difficult to understand expressions and phrases and hard-to-pronounce words. Your speech should be as simple as possible for the child's perception.
The meaning of unfamiliar words and expressions should be explained to the child in an accessible and understandable form for him. No mimicking or irritated correction of the child's speech, do not punish the child for mistakes in speech.
Great benefit from reading the child poems appropriate to his age. The development of auditory attention, mobility of the articulatory apparatus, fine motor skills of the hands, certainly contribute to the proper development of speech.
As a rule, communicating with peers, provided that this is a normal language environment, it is possible to have a positive impact on the child's speech development. But not always the child is able to solve speech problems on his own. A lot of adults have speech defects - this is proof of this. Therefore it is very important, if the child has speech disorders, it is necessary to consult a speech therapist. Successful correction of speech depends more on the timely beginning of correction of these violations. The identification of a problem in speech development in the early stages guarantees in most cases the achievement of a successful result. Parents need to remember that the effective correction of the child's speech depends on communication and games at home and the consolidation of knowledge obtained in the classroom with a speech therapist.
Toddlers with obvious speech defects need qualified help from a speech therapist, and do not forget about adequate help from parents. The main advice of a speech therapist, first of all, is in careful communication with the child and timely access to specialist services in case of speech disorders.