The Sanitary Doctor for Occupational Health is a qualified employee of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Service, who is well covered in matters of sanitary control over the implementation of certain rules in industrial, construction enterprises and agricultural organizations.
To this requirement, subject to implementation, it is necessary to include hygienic norms and rules aimed at preventing the development of occupational pathology and reducing the incidence of employee employees.
Who is a sanitary doctor for occupational health?
A physician engaged in occupational health is the organizer of work to prevent the occurrence of occupational diseases and increase the incidence of diseases in industrial and agricultural sectors.
To obtain a complete picture of the sanitary situation at a particular research site, he must have a high level of training, qualifications and experience related to administrative and public activities.
The work of a health officer is based on the performance of official duties through cooperation in close contact with "executive" persons who are able to influence the development and implementation of recommended activities. Their main direction is the improvement of employees of enterprises and the prevention of morbidity.
This specialization implies the study of working conditions in children's institutions, their evaluation and the main directions for the elimination of harmful factors and the provision of favorable working conditions.
The effectiveness of the work of a sanitary doctor largely depends on the correct and necessary in this situation the choice of the approach, method and techniques for implementing plans.
When should I go to a sanitary doctor for occupational health?
Appeal to a medical doctor should be carried out on the condition that the incidence of the disease in the enterprise is increased, the number of injuries in the workplace or heavy workload increases, and if it is necessary to obtain an opinion on the sanitary-epidemiological conditions of a certain production or agricultural facility.
In view of the fact that the sanitary doctor monitors compliance with the rules and regulations of the legislation on occupational health throughout the design, construction and further operation of industrial enterprises, agricultural facilities and other organizations of human production activities, therefore violations of any of the above stages by the management of organizations are the reason address to a health doctor.
The assistance of a health officer may be needed to confirm disability due to unfavorable working conditions. This is due to the fact that the sanitary doctor monitors the provision of the most suitable working conditions from the external environment, the work regime and the loads necessary to prevent the development of pathology due to occupational hazards.
What tests do I need to pass when I go to a sanitary doctor for occupational health?
When there is a need to get help from a health officer from a person requires tests that characterize his state of health. They are needed for additional assessment of the state of the sanitary-epidemic regime of a certain production.
So, to detect a pathology in a person, one should check his blood and urine. Analyzes are necessary for the doctor of sanitary-epidemiological service with the purpose of visualization of the disease, the development of which may have contributed to unfavorable production factors. In the future, the doctor will make a plan to improve working conditions, and monitor their implementation in the manufacturing sector.
To check the blood, there is enough clinical and biochemical analysis. With their help, you can suspect the presence of a common inflammatory process, an inadequate level of vital blood cells, and also evaluate the functioning of the liver and kidneys.
In addition, an obligatory condition is the presence of an x-ray of the chest. With its help, the pathology of the lungs or heart is visualized. In the presence of symptoms or increased levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin or creatinine with urea, then you should perform ultrasound of the abdominal cavity organs to confirm or exclude the pathology of internal organs.
An examination of the heart requires an ECG or EchoCG. Thanks to them, it is possible to establish disturbances in rhythm, pulse conduction in the heart muscle, thickness of the myocardium, as well as foci with insufficient circulation.
What diagnostic methods are used by the occupational health officer?
To assess the health status of workers in industrial and agricultural enterprises, the sanitary doctor uses laboratory and instrumental methods of detecting the disease in a chronic or acute stage. With the help of this assessment, he can determine which body system experiences the maximum negative impact of the harmful factor.
To assess the sanitary-hygienic state of a certain production facility is necessary with the help of special modern methods. In the process of this study, physical, chemical, biological and psychophysiological production factors are evaluated. So, it is necessary to reveal their level, concentration and influence on the human body.
Regular preventive medical examinations are also one of the methods used to assess the health status of an enterprise. They are conducted by departmental sanitary laboratories of medical and preventive institutions. If there is a large number of pathologies characterized by a single cause of development, then the sanitary doctor must take measures to eliminate the harmful factor and improve working conditions.
What is the hygienic hygienist doing?
The duties of a sanitary doctor include monitoring the implementation of certain legislative standards for occupational health. He must organize and monitor the implementation of preventive measures aimed at preventing the spread of pathology and increasing the incidence rate.
In addition, the sanitary doctor needs to identify causal factors and unfavorable working conditions that directly affect the occurrence and spread of diseases among employees of enterprises.
It is the responsibility of the sanitary doctor to participate in the design and implementation of the plan with targeted programs that will ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of workers. Also, the sanitary doctor is responsible for the educational work in working collectives on raising the level of knowledge on the topic of occupational health.
His work is to organize a sanitary and epidemiological examination with further assessment of the toxicological and hygienic sphere. Thanks to the sanitary doctor, the rules of routine at work, fire safety and sanitary-epidemiological regime are observed.
What diseases are treated by a sanitary doctor for occupational health?
The duty of the sanitary doctor is not to cure, but to prevent the development of pathology due to unfavorable working conditions in the workplace. For successful fulfillment of the main task, he should clearly understand the main principles of deontology of his specialty, own a large base of professional knowledge and observe the fundamentals of the general strategy.
Disease prevention is the control over the implementation of orders of legislation - the division of occupational health, in parallel with the developed tactics for solving specific issues in each individual situation.
He must find a common language with the management of those enterprises that are under control, and also cooperate with trade union and other organizations, including private individuals and colleagues.
In the course of performing his duties, the sanitary doctor should remember professional, civil, moral and criminal liability (in certain circumstances) before the society for the protection of the health of workers.
Advice of a Sanitary Doctor on Occupational Health
Councils of a sanitary doctor for occupational health are to comply with the rules of the sanitary and epidemiological regime in order to avoid occupational traumatization or the development of occupational disease.
Each enterprise has its own specific standards, exceeding which threatens the safety and health of the employee. Industrial organizations require compliance not only to maintain optimum temperature, humidity and pressure, but also to comply with the level of gas, heavy metals and other compounds harmful to humans.
The hygienic hygienic advice for office workers concerns the lighting of the cabinet, the settings of the table, the chair, which should be with adjustable armrests, backrest and height. The monitor should be placed at a distance of about 70 cm from the eye to avoid a strong effect on the organ of vision.
Also, the monitor should be tilted at the desired angle and set at a certain height. The keyboard should be placed at the level of the elbows, so that the hands are not in constant tension, and the fingers - move freely.
Thus, the sanitary doctor for occupational health provides the most comfortable working conditions for workers to optimize production and prevent the development of adverse consequences due to non-compliance with sanitary and epidemiological standards.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
Personal hygiene is not just a phrase, by which many people mean brushing your teeth or washing in the morning. In fact, this is a scientific field that studies the optimal conditions for normal human activity and factors that provide people with a long and healthy life.
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