A radiologist is a doctor whose work is based on radiography techniques. Let's take a closer look at who is a radiologist, the features of his work, what diseases the doctor treats and what diagnostic methods he uses in his work.
Radiology is a special section of medicine that studies the effect of ionizing radiation on a person. The task of the radiologist, as a doctor, is to conduct radiological studies that would help in the diagnosis of various diseases and treatment, which is based on the results of radiotherapy.
The radiologist uses modern diagnostic methods that help to accurately diagnose. CT, bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy and many others are methods that are used in radiology and can significantly reduce the death rate of patients due to a correctly diagnosed diagnosis and timely assigned treatment.
Who is the radiologist?
A radiologist is a doctor who performs diagnostics of various kinds of diseases using radiography methods. The radiologist provides patients with medical care, which is based on methods of radiology using special diagnostic equipment. As a rule, a radiologist takes part in a comprehensive examination, but at the same time has the right to issue medical certificates on their own.
The radiologist not only diagnoses the patient's condition, but also takes part in the development of the treatment plan. The doctor selects the methods and methods of the most safe treatment with the use of radiation therapy. Most often the radiologist cooperates with doctors who are engaged in treatment of oncological diseases.
When should I contact a radiologist?
The radiologist's work is based on the methods of radiography, the doctor is engaged in the diagnosis of diseases and conducts therapeutic treatment using radiotherapy methods. Most often, the radiologist is sent to patients who received radiation and are treated for negative symptoms and the consequences of the procedure. Let's consider when to contact a radiologist.
Bursitis is a disease in which inflammatory process occurs in the periarticular bags, which negatively affects the functioning of the body and the musculoskeletal system.
Spur (heel) - bone growth, which appears against the background of flat feet.
Tendovaginitis is an inflammatory disease of the tendon sheath that affects the wrist and forearm.
Radiculitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the defeat of the nerve roots of the spinal cord.
Arthritis - joint damage, which leads to their degeneration and inflammation.
Also, the radiologist is sent for cancers, melanomas, sarcomas, tumors, metastases and other oncological diseases.
What tests should I take when I go to a radiologist?
If you have been given a course of radiotherapy and given the direction for radiodiagnostic diagnostics, then you should know what tests you need to take when you contact a radiologist. A standard set of tests is a general and biochemical blood test, urinalysis. The remaining tests are assigned during the diagnosis of diseases and depend on its results.
The radiologist works in diagnostic departments and polyclinics. In each cancer center there is a radiologist, who takes part in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer of various severity, in patients of all ages. The doctor makes a plan for the treatment of cancer patients, based on the results of the diagnosis and tests performed, consulting with other specialists.
What diagnostic methods does the radiologist use?
Each doctor in his practice uses certain diagnostic methods that help to identify the disease and make a treatment plan. Let's look at the diagnostic methods used by the radiologist.
Ultrasound, CT and MRI - allow you to examine the patient's body, find the lesions of organs and tissues that require treatment.
Radiography and fluoroscopy - used to identify the functional symptoms of diseases.
Echocardiography is a diagnostic examination of the heart and cardiovascular system using pulsed ultrasound.
Thoracoscopy is a method of diagnostic study using an endoscope. Used to examine the inner surface of the pleural cavity.
Bronchography and bronchoscopy - methods of X-ray examination of the tracheobronchial tree. They are used to detect bronchoconstriction, tumors, cysts and bronchial obstruction.
What does the radiologist do?
What a radiologist is doing and what is his duty is a question that interests many patients who have been referred to this specialist. So, the radiologist is a doctor whose specialty is the diagnosis and treatment of diseases with the use of radiotherapy and methods of medical radiology.
The radiologist is engaged in radiodiagnostic procedures for diagnosis. Carries out radiotherapeutic procedures that help improve the health of patients and act as a preventive measure for various diseases. Radiologists work in medical and medical institutions, in diagnostic departments, oncologists and polyclinics.
What diseases does the radiologist treat?
What kind of diseases does the radiologist treat, if the main task of the doctor is to monitor the condition and work of the equipment and carry out radiodiagnostic procedures? The main group of patients of a doctor are people who have undergone an irradiation course and have negative consequences after this procedure.
At the reception to the radiologist patients with tumors, oncological diseases of the mammary glands, skin, gastrointestinal tract, genital organs, brain, bronchi and other organs go. The radiologist is engaged in therapeutic treatment with the methods of radiotherapy of metastases, lymphomas, arthritis, radiculitis, and lymphogranulomatosis.
Radiologist's advice will help prepare for radiodiagnostic research and diagnostic methods that are used to recognize cancer and when preparing a treatment plan.
Diagnosis of abdominal organs with ultrasound
Diagnosis is recommended in the morning, on an empty stomach. For diagnosis in the afternoon, only a light breakfast is allowed in the morning, but so that the time interval between meals and study is at least 6 hours. A few days before the diagnosis should be excluded from the diet products that provoke gas formation and flatulence. The study is prohibited after colonoscopy and fibrogastroscopy.
Diagnosis of pelvic organs and mammary glands
If the procedure is carried through the stomach, then an hour before the study is recommended to drink a liter of still water. If the study is intracavitary, then drinking water is prohibited, since the bladder should be empty. Diagnosis of mammary glands is carried out on any day of the cycle, and to clarify or confirm the diagnosis in the first 7 days of the cycle.
Diagnosis of the prostate and bladder in men
Before the diagnosis, you must drink a liter of liquid, and 10 hours before the procedure to make an enema. Studies of the lungs, kidneys, thyroid, heart and other organs do not require special preparation, so they can be carried out at any time.
A radiologist is a doctor who specializes in radiography and radiological methods of research. The doctor is engaged in radiation therapy and conducts diagnostics of diseases for the presence of oncology, tumors and other lesions, which have a negative impact on the functioning of the body and the health of patients.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
Radiography refers to the methods of radiation diagnosis and is a non-invasive examination of the internal structure of a certain part of the body by radiating it with X-rays and obtaining a projection of the image on a special film.