What does a plastic surgeon do?
The plastic surgeon is engaged in restoring the shape and function of parts of the human body, for example, the nose or chest, abdomen, ears, lips.
What does a plastic surgeon do when addressing a patient? The first thing the doctor finds out is the reason forcing a person to resort to plastic. Often, these reasons do not have serious reasons, and a conscientious plastic surgeon will certainly ask the patient / patient to motivate his decision. After all, according to psychological indicators, some people (with deviations of the psyche) can not do plastic surgery. And those who are not aware of the measures in their quest for external transformation, this type of medical services is not recommended.
A plastic surgeon examines patients and, depending on the nature of the upcoming surgical procedure, prescribes a full medical examination and appropriate preparation for the operation. By the way, before the operation, the patient must sign a contract (agreement), which indicates not only all information about the operation itself, but also a list of medical recommendations that are mandatory for implementation during the postoperative rehabilitation.
It should be noted that during the examination of the patient it can be found out that there are some contraindications for carrying out the plastic surgery, and then the operation is not performed. For example, this applies to breast augmentation operations - if ultrasound has been diagnosed with mammary gland pathology. And among the general medical contraindications to plastic surgery are serious cardiovascular pathologies, high blood pressure, kidney failure, skin lesions of purulent nature, diabetes and oncology.
In addition, some types of aesthetic plastics have age limits. For example, surgical correction of the ears can be performed after 9 years, and the shape of the nose - only after 18-20 years. Breast enlargement is also possible after 18 years, but any plastic surgeon knows that the change in the shape of the mammary glands and the increase (or decrease) in their size is best carried out by already giving birth and breast-feeding women.
What diseases are treated by a plastic surgeon?
A plastic surgeon treats and performs a surgical correction of tissue deformation as a result of trauma, and also, at the patient's request, he carries out facelift, eliminate cellulite, change the shape of the nose, abdomen or lips.
The question - which diseases is treated by a plastic surgeon - can be attributed exclusively to reconstructive, i.e., reconstructive plastic surgery. Reconstructive plastic can partially or completely correct the congenital anomaly and create anatomical conditions for the normal functioning of the organ with the "wolf mouth" (cleft palate), "hare lip" (cheilohisis - congenital nebula-labial cleft), congenital maldevelopment (microtia) or absence anothia) of the auricle or with obstructive respiration of the deformity of the nose.
Treatment of maxillofacial pathologies plastic surgeon performs during the multi-stage correction of the upper lip (cheyloplasty) and correction of the sky (uranoplasty). A otoplasty allows a complete reconstruction of the auricle by transplanting the transplant - a special way of processed part of the costal cartilage.
A plastic surgeon is also able to reduce scars after burns, restore the jaw bone deformed by purulent maxillary sinusitis or destroyed osteomyelitis. Patients who lost their breasts as a result of an oncological disease are undergoing mammoplasty. Physicians of specialized specialties (otolaryngologists, dentists, mammologists, etc.) are involved in the process of treating patients with such problems.
As for Aesthetic Plastic, according to the statistics of the International Society for Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), the most common operations performed by plastic surgeons are the removal of excess fatty tissue (liposuction), as well as the correction of the size and shape of the mammary glands (mammoplasty).
In addition, very often performed such plastic surgery, as a face and neck lift; correction of the shape of the chin and cheekbones; plastic eyelids, eyebrows and lips; increase the volume of certain parts of the body due to the use of their own fat deposits (lipofilling). The scalpel of a plastic surgeon is even subject to the external genitalia of a person.
The newest technologies of plastic surgery - minimally invasive endoscopic and hardware (ultrasound and laser) - make it possible to perform a number of surfacing operations without seams and scars.