What does oncologist do?
Oncourologist - a doctor who studies how the tumors of the genitourinary system flow and heals, prevents these diseases. Oncourology treats cancer with both medication and surgical methods, and with the help of irradiation.
Oncourology is not a direction of urology, but a separate science. Pirogov also devoted several of his works to this field of medicine. Also oncology was developed and other well-known scientists: Kosinsky, Fedorov, Kadyan.
Special achievements have been made by scientists in the treatment of kidney cancer. Do not always need its complete removal. Doctors try to perform organ-saving operations, remove only the tumor. Of course, in the later stages it is necessary to remove the kidney, but if the disease is detected early, a lump and a certain amount of surrounding tissue is excised through laparoscopic access. And in the future such a kidney still serves the patient for many years. Mandatory long-term monitoring of the patient and dispensary records. With timely detection of 15-year survival rate - 85%. Particularly at risk of smoking are smoking, hypertensive patients suffering from obesity and diabetes mellitus, people whose relatives have had kidney cancer, people with chronic kidney failure and non-oncological kidney diseases, taking long-term diuretics, working with varnishes, paints, fertilizers. With the growth of the tumor, complaints of pain in the abdomen or lower back are possible, further tumor metastases to the lungs give shortness of breath and a cough with blood. With metastases, neurologic symptoms appear in the brain. Possible loss of appetite, weight or hemoglobin level in the blood. Begin the diagnosis of kidney cancer always with ultrasound. If there is a suspicion of cancer, a kidney MRI is prescribed.
With kidney cancer, surgical treatment is supplemented with immunotherapy. In the future, the patient is observed in oncourologist for several years. Every year, you need to take blood and urine tests and do ultrasound. Severe renal failure after the removal of one kidney is very rare. You can not take long-term medications with one kidney, especially aspirin, paracetamol, you need to watch for life the weight, pressure and blood sugar level.
Most of the cancer does not manifest itself at first! For artists, workers in the chemical industry, kidney and bladder cancer poses a real threat. The peak detection of cancer of the kidney and bladder occurs at age 50 years. It can be suspected by the presence of blood in the urine. Unfortunately, bladder cancer gives frequent relapses.
Quite a different situation with testicular cancer. It is revealed already in 25-30 years. The cancer of the testicle is well treated with chemotherapy, so you can often do without surgery.
They cope well with genitourinary cancer in Israel, where prices are lower than in the US, and the quality is the same. But we also have good specialists, for example, in the Kiev Cancer Institute.
Oncourologist also deals with treatment of prostate cancer. His symptoms are pain in the perineum and genitals. To confirm the diagnosis, you need a blood test for oncomarkers and puncture, ultrasound, MRI.
What diseases are treated by oncourologists?
Oncourologist studies the course of tumors of the genitourinary sphere. Urinary organs include the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Male genital organs are also in the competence of this doctor - the testicles and their appendages, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.
Smoking, obesity, estrogen intake, work with heavy metals increases the risk of kidney cancer.
Testicular cancer often occurs with infertility and congenital malformations of the testicles. Oncologist should be examined regularly after 55 years. Men need to undergo a regular rectal examination of the prostate gland on a regular basis.
Oncourologist also deals with the plasticity of the bladder after its removal, radiofrequency ablation of kidney tumors, chemotherapy and radiotherapy of all cancers in urology.