What does an oncologist / gynecologist do?
The oncologist-gynecologist reveals precancerous and cancerous conditions of the following organs - the vagina, the ovaries, the uterus, and the vulva. The risk group consists of women with an anamnesis of oncology in the immediate family, as well as patients with frequently recurring infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Most cancerous pathologies are asymptomatic, in the case of a chronic inflammatory process, the transformation of cells into malignant cells is possible, all this complicates the detection of oncology at an early stage and explains the later treatment of the patients themselves.
The main task of the doctor is to detect cancer in the initial stage, when long and time-consuming treatment is not required, and the percentage of recovery and return to normal life is quite high. With this aim, regular screening of women from risk groups, preventive examinations, special anticancer vaccination of the cervix is practiced.
What diseases are treated by an oncologist / gynecologist?
The oncologist-gynecologist differentiates the tumor processes into benign and malignant, flowing inside or outside the sexual sphere of a woman. In addition to diagnosis, the doctor is responsible for preventive measures that prevent cancerous conditions of the cervix and the uterus, ovaries, vulva, and vagina. An important task of the oncogynecologist is to recognize the malignant process at an early stage, which helps to save the patient's life. Unfortunately, medical statistics are such that every fifth case of a woman's reproductive cancer lesion leads to a fatal outcome.
Under the supervision of a specialist, precancerous and cancerous conditions of the ovaries, uterus (body and neck), pathological processes in the mammary glands (mastopathy), as well as dysplasia / erosion of the cervix. Under the supervision of an oncogynecologist, women with the following diseases fall:
- myoma of the uterus;
- chronic infections of an inflammatory nature;
- endometriosis and chronic endometritis;
- cystic ovary formations;
- dysfunctions of the hormonal background in the failure of the monthly cycle;
- condylomata, papillomas, polyps.