What does the nephrologist do?
The nephrologist is a doctor whose patients are most often people with urolithiasis, pyelonephritis, nephroptosis, kidney failure and other diseases that pose a danger to the entire body.
What does the nephrologist do? First of all, he diagnoses and treats kidney diseases at various stages of the development of a particular ailment. Certainly, it is better to ask the doctor for qualified help early in the development of the disease as soon as possible, rather than because of irreversible processes to fight for life on the operating table.
Often among the patients of the nephrologist there are patients with hydronephrosis, glomerulonephritis, and also having kidney cysts. In any case, the doctor is very important to correctly diagnose, and then to appoint the most effective treatment, depending on the patient's condition and the results of the tests performed. Thus, with kidney diseases, the exact diagnosis is key, since not only the final outcome of the treatment, but also the life of the person, can depend on this stage.
At the reception the doctor will examine the patient, listen to his complaints, make an anamnesis, including the question of hereditary predispositions. The next stage will be the examination and delivery of tests, the results of which the nephrologist must carefully read to make a diagnosis of the disease. After that, the patient will be treated at home or outpatient, all depends on the severity of the kidney disease. In addition, the doctor is obliged to prescribe the right diet for patients, which is especially important in cases of violations of the kidneys, or the presence of kidney stones.
What diseases does the nephrologist treat?
The nephrologist deals exclusively with the diagnosis and medication of kidney diseases, in contrast to the urologist, whose duties most often involve the surgical treatment of diseases of all organs of the urinary system of man, as well as the male reproductive system.
What diseases does the nephrologist treat? In our time, among the patients of this medical specialist, you can increasingly meet people suffering from:
- drug damage of the kidneys;
- urolithiasis (urolithiasis);
- jade (kidney disease, which is inflammatory);
- pyelonephritis (involvement of the kidney parenchyma as a result of an infectious-inflammatory process);
- chronic renal failure;
- glomerulonephritis (immune glomeruli of the kidney);
- amyloidosis of the kidneys (metabolic disorders, which results in the development of the so-called "amyloid" - a substance that affects internal organs);
- hypertensive disease, accompanied by kidney damage, etc.
The competence of the nephrologist does not include diseases requiring surgical intervention: for example, tuberculosis and various kidney tumors, the formation of large stones in the kidneys, the presence of an abnormal structure or an abnormal anatomical location of the kidneys. In such cases, patients are referred to a urologist.
Kidney diseases are often accompanied by symptoms such as a sharp fever, fever, chills, pain in the lower back or pelvic organs, as well as various changes in the urine. These symptoms can occur due to a viral or catarrhal disease, or medication and poisoning. Whatever it was, the pain signals the development of the disease, so it's important to turn to a nephrologist in time to not delay this very dangerous process.