Low pressure

Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 25.06.2018

Low blood pressure, otherwise called hypotension, is not usually a long-term illness.

For a certain part of the population, low blood pressure is the norm, and if it does not cause any inconvenience, then there is nothing to worry about, it's just the individual characteristics of your body. In the opposite case, as a rule, increasing the pressure indices is not a difficult task. However, in rare cases, low blood pressure can bring a lot of problems, sometimes even threaten health, so it's not worth while to disparage the ailment.

First of all, it is necessary to determine what is the normal pressure? Experts in this matter adhere to this point of view: optimal is the index 115 for the upper, systolic, pressure and 75 for the lower, diastolic. In the people, the ideal pressure is 120/80. Low blood pressure is present when the tonometers are 100/60 (105/60) or lower.

What causes low blood pressure?

In fact, low blood pressure can be the result of a variety of factors, the main ones being: 

  • Infection in the body; 
  • Allergy; 
  • Excessive physical and psychological stress; 
  • The presence of certain diseases, and sometimes with the heart unrelated. For example, lead to a decrease in pressure can peptic ulcer, hepatitis, thyroid disease, etc. 
  • Weakness of the heart muscle, blood vessels; 
  • Tachycardia; 
  • Dehydration; 
  • Significant loss of blood; 
  • Genetic predisposition. Often the problem of hypotension in the family is faced one generation after another;

Low blood pressure, therefore, can be a consequence of the disease, and appear due to a combination of circumstances in absolutely healthy people.

Chronic low blood pressure can become a factor leading to kidney disease and stroke.

What are the symptoms of low blood pressure?

So, how does low blood pressure manifest itself? How to suspect that your pressure has decreased without using special measuring devices? Often, the most obvious symptom is a headache that occurs due to overwork. The nature of pain is variable: it can be aching, pulsating, pressing; quickly it does not pass, on the contrary, it can last for days. Accompanies her nausea. Often, to get rid of pain, you need the use of pain medications.

Other symptoms that signal that you have low blood pressure are: 

  • Aching pain in the heart, which can manifest itself both at work and at rest; 
  • Lethargy, coordination disorders; 
  • Pallor; 
  • Hypersensitivity; 
  • Loss of consciousness.

Low blood pressure can often be observed in women during pregnancy due to changes in the circulatory system. In themselves, seizures in this case are not dangerous and are the norm, but their consequences, in particular syncopes, can be dangerous for the fetus.

Studies also show that often low blood pressure is present in people with Parkinson's disease.

How to treat low blood pressure?

What to do when you experience frequent pressure surges?

Most often, to increase the reduced pressure, drugs containing caffeine, adaptogen, midodrin, etc. Are used. Accompanying treatment can also be sedative, since patients who have low blood pressure are often nervous and irritable.

A special place in getting rid of this problem is occupied by alternative means based on herbs (tinctures of ginseng, lemongrass, echinacea).

It is not uncommon to use physiotherapy procedures: massages, therapeutic baths, saunas.

The right way of life will help you forget about such a problem as low blood pressure. Go in for sports, sign up for a swimming pool, make daily walks, sleep 8 hours a day - and you will forever forget about hypotension.

Food should also be healthy. Eat enough vitamins, paying special attention to groups B and C, proteins, drink plenty of liquid (natural juices and tea). Beet juice is especially useful. Do not abuse caffeine.

Low pressure is a frequent companion of people engaged in heavy physical and mental labor who do not spare themselves. So let yourself at least sometimes rest - and you will forever forget about headaches, dizziness and fainting!

It is important to know!

The prevalence of arterial hypotension. According to various authors, ranges from 0.6 to 29% among adults and from 3 to 21% among children. Its prevalence increases with age. So, if among the children of primary school age it is 1-3%, then among the children of the senior school age - 10-14%. Girls suffer from arterial hypotension somewhat more often than boys. Read more..

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