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Health

First aid with a stalk bite

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 21.06.2018
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Today, in connection with the growth of tourism, there are frequent cases of various injuries, bites, injuries. A bite of a horsefly is quite common, which can be unsafe. It causes itching, irritation, and can also lead to loss of appetite, increased irritability, insomnia. This leads to fatigue, nervous exhaustion.

First aid with a stalk bite

The bite site should be washed as soon as possible, then treated with an anti-inflammatory ointment. If you are addicted to an allergy, it is best to drink an antihistamine or inject it intramuscularly.

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How to treat swelling after a stalk bite?

To remove the swelling inside take antihistamines. External apply special ointments, make lotions and compresses. You can use pharmaceutical products. But also popular, folk, homeopathic remedies, plant components. In the field conditions, ripped and pre-washed leaves of plants are often used. They are applied to the affected areas for a while. The cold compress, as well as the ice attached to the bite site, helps to remove the edema. Often used for compresses urine, vodka or alcohol. You can put a compress of dimexide, dimedrol (with a strong edema).

Than to smear a sting bite that it was not scratched?

Today, the pharmaceutical industry represents a variety of medicines, ointments, creams that quickly eliminate itching, relieve swelling and inflammation after a sting bite. Well-proven non-hormonal ointments, antibacterial ointments. It is possible and independently prepare some ointments, using alternative recipes. Traditionally, the itch is treated with levomecol.

Ointment lekomekol pretty well helps to eliminate itching, irritation and to remove swelling after a bite. In addition, it has an anti-inflammatory effect, relieves pain and prevents the risk of infection. Apply it a thin layer on the affected area. It is recommended to wash the place of bite with soap beforehand, or rub it with alcohol.

Ointments and creams from stings bites

Before applying any ointment you need to consult a doctor, since even the most harmless ointment can have serious side effects and numerous contraindications. There are a lot of ointments, only a doctor can unequivocally select it. By recommendations and a general description, it is often impossible to choose it. This is primarily due to the fact that each patient has its own characteristics and a different level of sensitivity. In general, with the sting bite, the most effective ointments can be recognized as zinc ointment and losterol. Zinc ointment quickly removes the itching that occurs at the bite site, eliminates redness and irritation, dries well, is known for its astringent effect. It prevents infection of the wound. Can be applied directly to the bite from the first day.

Good anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous properties possess ointment losterin.

Medications

Use mainly anti-inflammatory and antihistamines, because the bite causes severe swelling and inflammation of surrounding tissues. During the treatment it is important to observe precautions, especially if the person has a tendency to allergic reactions. Before, give any remedy to the victim, you need to consult a doctor. This is the main precaution, which will help to avoid many side effects.

The most dangerous side effect of taking medicines may be anaphylactic shock, since after the bite the level of sensitization and sensitivity of the organism increases substantially, allergic cells increase. Anaphylactic shock is a serious condition that threatens the patient's life. In this case, there are symptoms that indicate pathological changes in two or more body systems: the respiratory system, the circulatory system, the nervous, digestive tract, skin manifestations. The danger of this condition is that a strong laryngeal edema develops, bronchospasm spasm, resulting in impaired lung ventilation. Death can come as a result of stopping breathing.

With severe allergic reactions, swelling, anaphylactic shock, intramuscular injection of adrenaline in the amount of 0.5 ml of the solution. If the effect does not occur, the next same dose is given after 5 minutes. In severe shock, the drug is administered intravenously. After this, the drug is administered in tenfold dilution, which allows to increase the effectiveness of therapy and to reduce the risk of side effects. Adrenaline may be ineffective in the treatment of an anaphylactic reaction in cases of late reactions, or in patients taking beta-blockers.

Patients with bronchial asthma, a tendency to severe allergic reactions, to prevent the risk of developing late symptoms of suffocation, prescribed corticosteroids. Well-established salbutamol, administered by inhalation. 5 mg of active ingredient is used. Reduces spasm of the bronchi.

Ipratropium is also inhaled in a concentration of 5 mg. Helps in the treatment of patients taking beta-blockers. In severe cases, with the development of an attack of suffocation, salbutamol and ipratropium are administered in a complex of 5 mg.

Glucagon (1-2 mg, every 5 minutes, intravenously) may be an alternative to epinephrine and is used to prevent anaphylactic shock, to remove the attack of suffocation.

In the absence of response to the introduction of drugs and the development of hypotension, infusion therapy is carried out in a volume of up to 2 liters.

Vitamins

They are necessary to confront the infection and swelling of the tissues. When treating the effects of a bite, vitamin C and B vitamins are of the greatest importance. It takes part in the processes of hematopoiesis, neurohumoral regulation, it is a stimulator of growth and regeneration.

Physiotherapeutic treatment

Physiotherapy methods of treatment are rarely used. Usually, for a full recovery, there is enough medication (ointments, medications are used). But sometimes with severe itching, irritation, formation of seals, apply methods such as ultrasound treatment, exposure to infrared light, light and electroprocedures. Well-proven electrophoresis, in which various drugs are injected through the skin through microcurrents. Under the influence of microcurrents, the drug penetrates deep into the skin and has a therapeutic effect. In this case, the drug penetrates more deeply, more intensively affects the underlying tissues. As a result, hematomas and smallest seals disappear quickly, inflammation, itching, and swelling are removed. This stimulates the production of biologically active substances in the skin, stimulates the natural renewal of the skin. In addition, this method significantly reduces the dosage of the drug. Accordingly, the likelihood of side effects is reduced.

Also positively affects ultrasonic, shock wave therapy, ultrasound massage. During the procedure, an ultrasonic wave is used. In this case, the tissues resist. This promotes resorption of the seals, removal of the inflammatory process, elimination of edema. Also, ultrasound is known for its bactericidal properties, resulting in a significantly reduced risk of infection.

It also improves the functioning of blood vessels, tissues receive more oxygen, nutrients, more intensively toxins and metabolic products are released. This leads to the fact that the tissue begins to function more actively, metabolic and regenerative abilities are restored, the resorption of foci of inflammation and exudates is more rapid. Also relieves itching and pain.

The tissues acquire elasticity and elasticity, rejuvenation takes place and active tissue regeneration takes place. The procedure is absolutely painless, recalls ultrasound. The doctor palpates the focus of inflammation, determines the place of the most pronounced inflammatory process and edema and maximum pain syndrome. Then proceed to the actual procedure, directly affecting the focus of inflammation. The wave tends to spread across all tissues and internal organs. During the procedure, the required parameters are set on the equipment, a gel is applied to the area to be treated, which improves the conductivity of the waves. The sensor emitting ultrasound is pressed tightly against the skin, and this area is treated. For treatment, an average of 7-10 procedures are necessary. The duration of the procedure ranges from 5 to 20 minutes, determined by the individual characteristics of the body, as well as the severity of the disease.

Alternative treatment

Alternative medicine has many recipes for recovery after insect bites.

  • Recipe number 1. Nutty tincture

This tincture can be taken orally. It will help to quickly remove inflammation and swelling, and also will restore the skin. Often, it is applied externally, for example, in the form of lotions, compresses, to wipe the damaged areas. So, it quickly and easily removes itching and inflammation, relieves puffiness.

  • Recipe number 2. Mitigation agent

Well proven honey with coconut oil. To prepare this medicine, take a glass of water, dissolve in it a few tablespoons of honey. Then add about 50 ml of coconut oil, mix thoroughly. Apply for lubrication with severe itching, burning, inflammation. Also can be used as a compress.

  • Recipe number 3. Melon oil

Melon oil is used to lubricate the affected areas, to remove the inflammatory process. Eliminates the skin from lesions, inflammatory processes, bacterial infection and fungi. Has fine cosmetic means. Used for sensitive skin prone to allergic reactions. Possesses bleaching properties.

  • Recipe number 4. Vitamin product

For oral administration, puree from apples, cranberries and thorn is recommended. A portion is prepared for a day. It is necessary to take a glass of cranberries and the same number of thorns. Apple cut into slices, clean out the middle. Then tinder on a fine grater or pass through a meat grinder. Mix bilberries and thorn with berries. Add the honey to the resulting mixture and mix until a homogeneous mass is obtained. Use a tablespoon several times a day.

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Lotion of stings bites

Help to remove itching, inflammation and swelling. It is recommended to use various plant components, homeopathic remedies. For the lotions prepare a decoction of room temperature. In it, moistened gauze, folded in several layers. After this, apply to the affected area for about 20-30 minutes. You can additionally apply a bandage, which will fix the gauze.

  • Recipe number 1. A decoction of fennel in coffee.

To do this, take a liter of fresh brewed coffee, boil in it 15-20 grams of fennel seeds, add 2-3 tablespoons of honey and sugar. It should be noted that fennel is brewed in coffee on low heat for half an hour, and only after full readiness add sugar and honey.

  • Recipe number 2. Chistel juice with honey

From the leaves squeeze out the juice. Having received juice, add honey to it. At the rate of 1-2 tablespoons of honey per 100 ml of juice. Stir thoroughly until the honey dissolves completely. Allow to stand for 1-2 hours.

  • Recipe number 3. Sage with honey

Sage - one of the most famous herbal remedies, designed to relieve inflammation. Honey at the same time eliminates irritation, relieves puffiness, softens mucous membranes. It is best to take a decoction. To make such a decoction you need to take 10-15 grams of sage, pour 500 ml of boiling water. Insist for 30 minutes.

  • Recipe number 4. Ginger with honey

Ginger has stimulating and warming properties, helps quickly get rid of inflammation and swelling. To make a mixture, you need to rub the root of ginger on a large grater, mix with honey. Stir well until smooth. Used for lotions. Also used for carrying out outdoor procedures, such as massage, wraps, medical compresses.

  • Recipe number 5.

To prepare the infusion it will take approximately 100 grams of hawthorn berries, a bunch of grapes and a bunch of ashberry ashberry. All components are mixed together, poured into the top of a liter can of vodka or alcohol, then add 5-6 tablespoons of honey. Stir thoroughly and allow to infuse for 2-3 days. You can take not only externally, but also inside to maintain immunity.

Cabbage from swelling of feet from bites of horseflies

It has long been used as a remedy that quickly eliminates swelling. This effect can be achieved thanks to the composition of cabbage (contains a large number of glycosides, flavonoids, which bind water, and attract toxins and lead it all to the outside.As a result, it is possible to significantly reduce the swelling of tissues, to eliminate pain.The methods of using cabbage are many. , to separate the leaves, wrap their feet and put on the toe or knee socks.It can be worn for several hours, but not less than 30 minutes.

Enhance the effect of cabbage with salt. To do this, the leaves are moistened in water, sprinkled with salt on top (about a teaspoon per leaf), evenly distributed throughout the sheet and applied to the foot. Salt also has the ability to attract and bind salt, removing it from the tissues.

Quickly relieves swelling of the compress from cabbage and honey. There are two ways of imposing such a compress. In the first case, the cabbage is finely chopped, mixed with honey and this way it is applied to the skin. Then it is necessary to impose a dry heat.

There is another way: cabbage boils, then reclines into a colander. Water drains, the remnants of water squeeze. Stir the cabbage with honey. Once again squeeze, so that there is no excess fluid. Wrapped in cheesecloth or bandage, put on the leg. Compress should be hot, but should not burn. Dry heat is superimposed on top. It is better to put such a compress at night. The compress is removed in the morning, dry the skin, apply dry heat.

The third method is that sauerkraut is used, which is likewise mixed with honey. Honey softens the skin, and cabbage relieves swelling and has an antiseptic effect.

For ingestion, cabbage finely shred. Squeeze the juice from the resulting mass, add honey to it, drink one tablespoon. You can also finely chop cabbage, allow it to stand for half an hour, then mix with honey. Take small portions during the day. A quarter of a small cabbage should be enough for a day. This will help eliminate swelling from the inside, increase immunity and resistance of the body.

Homeopathy

Homeopathic remedies are quite effective, yet they can not be abused. Even the most innocuous of them can cause severe poisoning, leading to numerous side effects. When taking homeopathy, you need to take precautions: be sure to consult with your doctor before you start taking it, and also strictly follow the treatment regimen.

  • Recipe number 1.

Jerusalem artichoke is cut into thin slices. Add a few spoons of honey. It is necessary to mix the product so that it is completely covered with honey. Then add a few teaspoons of cloves and ground nutmeg, 2-3 bay leaves. We give the opportunity to brew for 2-3 hours, then eat in small portions throughout the day. Helps to remove inflammation and swelling. To remove the itching and skin irritation, apply to the site of the bite and leave for 15-20 minutes.

  • Recipe number 2.

To relieve the itching, apply a decoction of corn stigmas in a mummy. To do this, take a liter of warm water, dissolve in it about 2 grams of mummy. Separately boil 50-60 grams of stigmas. Mix the boiled stigma with mummies, add 2-3 tablespoons of honey and sugar. Apply inside 2-3 tablespoons, and externally for compresses.

  • Recipe number 3.

Turmeric eliminates inflammation, swelling, eliminates the inflammatory process, normalizes the mucous membranes. Sea-buckthorn oil heals wounds, softens, removes inflammation and irritation. Most often the mixture is prepared in this way: take 100-200 ml of sea buckthorn oil, add a teaspoon of turmeric, mix thoroughly. If it dissolves poorly, you can heat the product on a steam bath. Apply externally as ointment.

  • Recipe number 4.

To prevent the risk of infection and to remove the inflammatory process, apply the mixture. To prepare the mixture, roughly 500 grams of onions, garlic, horseradish are crushed, several tablespoons of sugar are added, honey to taste. You can use this mixture in the form of puree, and you can dilute 1 liter of boiling water and allow to stand for an hour. The product has antibacterial properties, and is also capable of warming the tissues. Applied to compresses.

Prevention

To prevent stings biting during hiking, you must wear clothes with a long sleeve. Also, cosmetic products with a pungent odor should not be used, especially with a floral scent that attracts insects. It is not recommended to eat sweet and fragrant products on the street. Also it is necessary to use special protective means from insects.

Forecast

If you provide timely assistance, the bite of the horn can end safely. Usually serious consequences threatening life do not occur: itching, irritation, edema develops. But all this is quickly removed with the help of ointments and medications. The threat of life can arise with a tendency to allergies: up to anaphylactic shock, lethal outcome.

It is important to know!

There are poisonous and non-poisonous bites of marine animals and fish. Non-poisonous, but extensive damage can be caused by sharks, morays, acne, barracuda, etc. In these cases, emergency treatment is provided according to the standard treatment of wounds: stopping bleeding, replenishing the volume of circulating blood, anesthesia. Read more..

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