What tests should I take when I contact a diagnostician?
The doctor - diagnostician pays much attention to the analyzes, which provide him invaluable help in the work, since they can tell a lot about the work and the state of the organism.
In modern medicine, various (physical, microscopic, chemical) studies of urine, feces, and blood in the laboratory are widespread. Other materials obtained by puncture or biopsy from different organs and tissues (liver, bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, etc.)
Of great importance for the diagnostician are methods of research with the use of serum, which help to find various pathogens.
In diseases of the respiratory tract, as a rule, sputum is taken for analysis to detect infections or malignant tumors. The study of this fluid is the most effective method to determine the presence of bacteria in the body.
In the study of blood, in addition to the total number of platelets, leukocytes, erythrocytes, the amount of each type of leukocytes, hemoglobin and the form of erythrocytes is determined.
There are a large number of blood tests, each of which is necessary to determine the state of a particular organ (system). For example, the fraction of creatine phosphokinase appears in the blood, if the activity of the heart muscle is disrupted, if the level of the fraction is increased, it can talk about myocardial infarction.
The hematoxime helps identify various types of anemia. This is a special device that measures the level of erythrocytes. In diagnostics, an important analysis is the study of blood for the presence of antibodies, which allows you to make an accurate diagnosis of infections.
Usually, blood is taken from the vein or from the finger, but other methods are often required, for example, cardiac catheterization, when a special catheter is inserted through the vein (artery) into the organ and advances into the heart chambers or the main vessels. Such an analysis allows us to determine the oxygen and carbon dioxide content of the blood.