You can safely say that a dermatovenereologist is not the most popular medical specialization. The Cabinet of this doctor people try to avoid. And for this there is a pretty good reason.
So, let's understand what a dermatologist is, what diseases he treats and who should register with him for an appointment.
Who is a dermatologist?
The people of the dermatovenerologist are also called a "love" doctor. After all, one of the specializations of such a doctor is venereal diseases or sexually transmitted diseases. For this area of knowledge the second part of the name of this profession answers: the venereologist.
This name came from the name of the goddess of love of Venus. That is, venereal diseases are transmitted during sex. The list of these diseases is quite large. This includes syphilis, gonorrhea, donovanosis and others. The same list can be supplemented by diseases that are not exclusively transmitted sexually.
This list includes scabies, various hepatitis, chlamydia, viral and infectious diseases. All of them can be transmitted both sexually and in other ways.
In addition to venereal diseases, the dermatovenereologist treats skin diseases of bacterial or viral origin. That is, this list does not include burns, but includes scabies, lichen, herpes, infectious dermatitis and so on.
As a rule, venereal and skin diseases are related. Some venereal diseases have severe symptoms on the skin of a person. Them dermatovenereologist treats them.
When should I go to the dermatovenerologist?
There are several cases when a timely visit to the dermatovenerologist will help to diagnose and successfully cure rather unpleasant diseases in a timely manner.
The first case is a frequent change of sexual partners or the beginning of life with a new sexual partner. Of course, a person who lives with a regular sexual partner can not consider himself completely immune from infection with sexually transmitted diseases. After all, there is always the risk of betrayal.
But the risk of infection is much higher if there is promiscuous sexual intercourse or the sexual partner often changes. In this case, visits to the dermatovenerologist should be regular. You can visit an anonymous cabinet, but the main thing is to do this several times a year or with the appearance of the slightest suspicion of the disease.
Of course, even in a situation where the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases is minimal, it is worth visiting the dermatovenerologist at least once a year for preventive purposes.
Rashes on the skin, and even more so on the genitals - this is an occasion to immediately turn to the dermatovenereologist. The same can be said about the abundant discharge from the genitals, about the change in their nature or about the sharp odor from the sexual organs or their secretions.
Different skin rashes, putrefaction or stratification of nails or hair loss in the pubic area is also an occasion to consult this specialist.
Remember that a number of skin and venereal diseases can be transmitted by household means. That is, through personal hygiene items, household items or through medical examination from a gynecologist, dentist and so on. Therefore, a preventive visit to the dermatovenerologist will not be superfluous.
What tests do I need to pass to a dermatovenereologist?
Like any other doctor, a dermatovenereologist can prescribe a general blood and urine test. In addition, he can prescribe a PCR or scraping of the mucous membrane of the genital organs. In this analysis, viruses, bacteria or fungi that cause disease can be identified.
Also, the dermatovenerologist can prescribe the direction for taking the sowing of the flora of the mucosa and secretions of the genital organs. The patient takes a smear and bacteria or viruses found in the biological material are sown in the laboratory.
If the patient has cutaneous infectious diseases, the doctor can prescribe different blood tests. These tests will help to identify antibodies to these or other pathogenic bacteria.
What diagnostic methods does the dermatovenerologist use?
The very first method of diagnosis in the arsenal of a dermatovenerologist is a direct examination of the patient. Of course, for a patient such a procedure may not seem very pleasant. The dermatovenerologist should examine the genital area of the patient for pathological changes or eruptions on the genitals.
In addition, the doctor will necessarily write out a series of analyzes and studies. After all, in most cases, even the most experienced dermatovenerologist can not "by eye" put an accurate diagnosis.
Therefore, such methods of examination as blood and urine tests, smears from genital organs, testing for antibodies and DNA of pathogens in human blood and so on are applied.
What does the dermatovenereologist?
The dermatovenerologist has, so to speak, two areas of activity. These doctors treat skin diseases and sexually transmitted diseases. The dermatovenerologist has a dual specialization.
Of course, going to the dermatovenerologist is not a very pleasant experience. After all, people are often ashamed to advertise venereal diseases or even suspicions of such a diagnosis. Therefore, there are many anonymous offices of the dermatovenerologist.
People can go there and be examined anonymously, without providing any personal information about themselves. They can take tests and later, again, anonymously take their results.
This approach to medical practice helps in time to identify and prescribe effective treatment for patients. After all, in the usual dermatovenereologist's office, the patient is obliged to say his name, surname and place of work.
Few people will risk "light up" a visit to such a doctor in the open, because it can destroy their career or family. And thanks to an anonymous reception a person can overcome the constraint and get qualified medical help in such a delicate area on time.
What diseases cures dermatovenereologist?
The very name of the profession "dermatovenereologist" gives a hint about the diseases that this doctor treats. The first part of the name "derma" means "skin". That is, the dermatovenerologist treats various skin infections of an infectious nature.
That is, these are contagious skin diseases that can be easily transmitted from person to person by everyday or sexual way. The second part of the name was taken in the name of the goddess Venus. This was the goddess of love. And the diseases that treat the dermatologist, are sexually transmitted.
Such a doctor treats sexually transmitted diseases such as genital herpes, syphilis, candidiasis, gonorrhea, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B and C and so on.
In addition, the dermatovenerologist treats dermatitis of an infectious origin, lichen, scabies and other infectious skin diseases.
Advices of a dermatovenerologist
Of course, following the advice of a dermatovenerologist is not always easy. But such advice will help you to maintain your health and avoid serious troubles and complications.
The first advice is protected sex. Especially when it comes to a new partner. With a frequent change of sexual partners or with a new partner, you need to use a condom. Of course, it does not give a full guarantee of protection against sexually transmitted diseases, but significantly reduces this risk.
Care for personal protection and hygiene should not only men, but women. In addition, it is important to know the basic visual symptoms of sexual diseases and avoid contact with possible carriers in a timely manner.
In addition, you need to regularly visit a dermatovenerologist and take a number of tests for infections, in time to diagnose the disease and cure it.
In this case, if an infection is found, you can not resort to alternative medicine or you can treat yourself. This can be fraught with complications.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
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