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Arthrologist

In life, there are problems that, unfortunately, can not be resolved without medical assistance. And, as many have already noticed, there are a lot of hospitals and doctors in our time, but it's really problematic to find a real medical examiner.

The arthrologist is a narrow medical specialization, which is aimed at the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to joints. How to find a good doctor - an arthrologist? Yes, like any other, only patient feedback can be a clue as to the choice of a specialist. Reviews can be found, both online and among friends.

An arthrologist, with timely access to it, can prevent irreversible processes associated with premature atrophy of the joints.

So, let's consider in more detail what kind of doctor this is, and what he does in general.

Who is an arthrologist?

An arthrologist is a doctor specializing in diseases of joints, tendons, ligaments, articular bags, periarticular tissues and heart. His competence includes examination, treatment of any direction, including surgical intervention.

Perhaps some have a question about what can be common between the heart and the joints. The answer is simple: infections that penetrate into the joints or periarticular tissues cause damage not only to the hands and feet, but also through the blood pass through the heart, wherece the heart problems arise. For example, with rheumatism, patients often complain of stitching pains in the heart. So, it happens because of the presence of staphylococci, which provoke the disease itself - rheumatism. The favorite habitat of staphylococcus is soft tissue, with which the heart is rich. That's why an arthrologist is a doctor who heals both the joints and the heart.

When should I go to the arthrologist?

Physicians are usually treated for two reasons: preventive examination or emergency. For some reason, modern man, most often, comes to the hospital for a second reason. And, here, if he did it on the first, then it could have done without complications. Therefore, and the arthrologist is that doctor whom it is better to visit in the preventive purposes.

Let's consider the basic reasons when nevertheless it is necessary to address to the arthrologist:

  • twists joints on weather,
  • the joints of the fingers, hands, legs, neck, back, or other part of the body ache,
  • pain during walking,
  • pain in the joints, accompanied by an increased body temperature,
  • night or morning "aches" joints,
  • limited movements,
  • injuries,
  • probability of hereditary disease.

If, something of the listed you are concerned, then the arthrologist in this case, will be able to answer any of your questions. The presence of at least one of the listed symptoms is a clear sign that it is necessary to consult with this specialist.

What tests do you need to pass to an arthrologist?

Analyzes are appointed by the doctor - arthrologist. Usually the complex of analyzes includes:

  • blood test:
    • clinical,
    • biochemical,
    • on the C-peptide,
    • on hormones,
    • on sex hormones,
    • on autoantibodies,
    • on hepatitis,
    • on markers of infections,
  • clinical analysis of urine,
  • PCR - urogenital scraping,
  • analysis of the presence of osteocalcin, parathyroid hormone.

The list of analyzes, of course, is not small, but it allows to reveal the very cause, which caused inflammation of the joints. After all, often, the causes are viruses (FLU, ORZ, ODS and others); cocci, including gonococci and staphylococci. In addition, the rheumatoid factor in the blood can thus be determined. In addition to the tests, the arthrologist conducts full diagnostics using special techniques.

What diagnostic methods does the arthrologist use?

Yes, some tests are not enough to see the condition of the joint. For this, the arthrologist resorts to such ways of solving the problem:

  • X-ray, ultrasound,
  • MRI (magnetic resonance tomogram) of the joint: knee, hip, shoulder and wrist. Depends on where it hurts,
  • atrography,
  • tomography, 
  • electroradiography.

An arthrologist should see the degree of joint damage in order to prescribe the right therapy. It happens that a person's whole body aches, and ultrasound or X-ray shows that everything is in order. In this case, it is possible that such a result arose on the basis of increased body temperature (as is the case with catarrhal diseases) or increased blood pressure. Therefore, in order to know for sure the reasons, a complex diagnosis is needed, which includes the delivery of tests.

What does an arthrologist do?

The arthrologist is engaged in:

  • diagnosis of joints and their attached tissues,
  • treatment of numerous inflammatory processes that are directly related to the joint where the synovial membrane is affected, the joint capsule, the synovial membrane and other periarticular elements,
  • medicamentous and operative treatment,
  • in addition, can prescribe a physiotherapy.

An arthrologist, like any other doctor, does not have X-ray vision despite his education and work experience, which is why he prescribes a preliminary examination, including a blood test. Many people think that it is possible to determine the diagnosis by analyzing the symptoms, therefore, they try to find an answer on the Internet. But, the description of the symptoms will not give a clear answer to the questions, because, the signs of many diseases are similar. And only professional examination is the guarantor of recovery.

What diseases are treated by an arthrologist?

To name the entire list of diseases that the arthrologist treats is almost impossible, as their "whole encyclopedia." Consider the diseases that are most commonly encountered:

  • Diseases associated with soft tissues and periarticular tissues and bags:
    • arthrosis, osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis,
    • rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Seronegative spondyloarthropathies:
    • reactive arthritis,
    • Bechterew's disease,
    • Spondyloarthritis as a result of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease,
    • psoriatic arthritis,
    • undifferentiated spondylitis.
  • Gout and osteoporosis.

In addition to these diseases, the arthrologist also specializes in inflammatory processes in joints acquired as a result of trauma. But, as a rule bruises and dislocations are handled by a traumatologist. In case of pathology, the traumatologist directs to the arthrologist.

Advices of the doctor of arthrologist

An arthrologist, first of all, recommends some precautionary rules, that is, avoidance of factors that provoke joint diseases:

  • monotonous body positions, for example, work sitting (programmers, accountants, drivers and so on). If this can not be avoided, then it is necessary to diversify the position of the body, say, after a certain period of time, a little "warm up"
  • load on the body. If the house is being repaired, it will not hurt to ask for more help. Work as a loader is detrimental to the condition of the musculoskeletal system. The employment contract must contain in itself a note on the maximum lifting of the goods to which the future loader should pay attention,
  • the correct position of the body during sleep. A poor-quality or uncomfortable mattress, inflatable beds, cot or "half-sitting" sleep - all these are negative factors on the basis of which there may be problems with the spine and joints,
  • playing sports without fanaticism. Too intense exercises lead to muscle stretches and articular inflammation. Therefore, you can not overload your body,
  • You can not sit, throwing one leg to the other. This prevents normal circulation of blood.

We examined all the "impossible" that can lead to joint diseases. Now let's consider what the arthrologist brings to the category of "can" and even "useful." Honey joints help the sick joints. It should be rubbed into the area of the affected joint in a circular motion. Further, 2 kg of watermelon is divided into 8 portions, which are eaten during the day every 2 hours. Method with watermelon - called "unloading" food.

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Medical expert editor

Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich

Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"

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