What does the andrologist do?
The list of problems describing what the andrologist is doing is quite large, but the most common diseases that are treated with a narrow specialist are prostatitis, which according to statistics in one form or another affects every second man over 30 years old, as well as infertility.
The basis for asking for advice and assistance to the andrologist is the following problems:
- Violation of childbearing function, infertility or childless marriage. This problem is not covered widely in the press, because it is essentially intimate, personal, and quite painful, but the number of infertile couples increases every year. Statistics say that about 20% of families, despite the conscious desire to have children and a regular high-quality sexual life, can not conceive a child. More than 50% of the reasons preventing conception are related to women's health, about 40% are related to the condition of the male sexual sphere.
- Erectile dysfunction (decreased potency, premature, early ejaculation), conditions accompanied by loss of sexual traction, cravings (libido) associated with inflammatory diseases or psychoemotional stress.
- Abnormal development (underdevelopment) of internal and external genital organs, secondary sexual characteristics, atony of genitals (decrease in tone).
- Hormonal imbalance (hypogonadism).
- Age-related physiological androgen deficiency.
- Advice on family planning and the preparation of the male body for conception.
- Consultation and selection of donor sperm for IISD (artificial insemination with donor sperm).
- Inflammatory processes in the genitourinary, urinary system of various etiologies.
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STDs, STIs).
- Oncological diseases of the urinary system.
- Prophylactic dispensary examinations.
The list of directions that signify what the andrologist is engaged in is large enough and grows every year, an example of this can be sex-change operations that were impossible and unavailable a few dozen years ago.
Andrology is not only conservative, but also surgical methods of treatment, which include the following types of modern endoscopic, reconstructive surgeries, that is, what the andrologist is doing as a surgeon:
- Plastic restoration of the frenulum of the reproductive organ.
- Operation (excision) in occasion of a paraurethral cyst.
- Circumvention, circumcision or excision of the foreskin.
- Operative intervention in occasion of a dropsy testicle by means of various techniques - Winckelman, Lord, Bergman or by puncturing.
- Microsurgery for varicocele - varicose veins.
- Ectomy or reconstruction (prosthetics) of the testicle.
- Change in the size of the genital organ (lengthening).
- Epididemectomy - the ectomy of the epididymis.
- Orchidopexy is the treatment of cryptorchidism.
- Reconstruction of the deformed penis.
- Excision (excision) of the cyst of the spermatic cord, testicles.
- Plastic reconstruction of the urethra.
- Stenting of the urethra.
- Prosthesis of testicles.
- Endoscopic polypectomy.
- Vasorezection (sterilization).
- Surgery for oleogranuloma (inflammation of the genital tissue).
- Endoprosthetics of the genital organ (phalloendoprosthetics).
- Endoscopy of diseases of the prostate.
- Surgery for ureterocele (hernia, cysts of the ureter wall).
- Endoscopy of the ureter.
- Stenting of the ureter.
- Endoscopy of ureter stricture.
It is difficult to list in detail what an andrologist does, since andrology as a medical field develops rapidly, with each year including all new methods and methods for solving problems of the intimate genitourinary sphere in men.
What diseases are treated by the andrologist?
Everything related to reproductive, genito-urinary, urinary systems is the responsibility of the andrologist. What diseases are treated by the andrologist, with what problems are they treated?
- Family infertility associated with diseases of the male genitourinary system.
- Erectile, sexual disorders (dysfunctions), decreased libido.
- Violations of ejaculatio - ejaculation (retrograde, late, premature ejaculation).
- All diseases associated with the organs of the scrotum, testicles, distal sections of funiculus spermaticus (spermatic cord) - orchitis, vesiculitis, tumors, cysts, hydrocele, varicocele.
- Inflammatory processes in the head or foreskin of the genital organ (phimosis, balanoposthitis).
- Incontinence - various types of urinary incontinence.
- Congenital anatomical genital disorders (aesthetic reconstruction).
- Sex change.
- Spermatorrhea (efflux of the ejaculate from the urethra without objective reasons).
- Oncological diseases of the prostate.
- Need for reconstruction of the urethra.
- Hormonal disorders, andropause (physiological hypogonadism).
- All diseases associated with the prostate gland, adenoma, vesiculitis, prostatitis.
- STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), including infectious etiology.
- Children's andrological problems.