Despite the fact that the name of nicotinic acid in most people is associated with cigarettes, to them it has nothing to do.
Common names of nicotinic acid:
- vitamin PP;
- vitamin B3.
The name of the substance in Latin is Acidum nicotinicum. The chemical name is 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid. The formula is C6H5NO3.
Nicotinic acid, according to the medical classification, is a low-molecular organic compound (vitamin) that is necessary for the human body not less than, vitamin C, tocopherol, retinol, cyanocobalamin, etc. Niacin affects the stability of the functions of the central and autonomic nervous systems. Activates the work of the hematopoietic system, the gastrointestinal tract, promotes the stabilization of the hormonal background.
Nicotinic acid stimulates the production of enzymes involved in the cleavage of lipids and carbohydrates. Lack of niacin leads to excessive consumption of sweet and flour dishes. If you do not limit the amount of carbohydrates in your diet, the result will be not only obesity, but also serious systemic diseases.
Stocks of nicotinic acid can be replenished from natural sources - vegetables (potatoes - medium baked potato with peel includes 3.3 mg of niacin, skinless to 2.2 mg, green peas, cabbage (broccoli, leaf, savoy), mushrooms, peppers, tomatoes), buckwheat , wild rice, peanut nuts, brewer's yeast, meat, offal (pork and beef liver), etc. Of the meat and legume products, nicotinic acid is easier to digest than from cereals. This vitamin can be synthesized by the body from tryptophan contained in curds and eggs. To reduce body weight, nutritionists are not recommended to get involved in the use of the above-mentioned protein products. In order to replenish the supply of vitamin PP, it is better to use non-food sources. To reduce and stabilize the weight of scientists developed special diets with the use of tablets of nicotinic acid.