It is the ointments that are the dosage form, thanks to which you can quickly and effectively get rid of skin defects, including keloid scars.
In modern medicine, you can find many different means that help people get rid of ugly scars or scars. Of course, no drug can guarantee that they will go completely, but making them less visible is quite possible. Today there are many ointments that help the scar quickly resolve. For the ointment to be effective, the active component of allantoin must be present in its composition. It helps to retain moisture longer in the damaged skin.
Doctors today offer many popular methods that help the scar to dissolve faster (laser procedure, deep skin peeling), but all of them are held in special rooms and are quite expensive. Ointments are a more popular technique, because they can be used even at home. Among the most popular absorbable ointments can be named: Kontraktubeks, Klirvin, Dermatics, Kelofibraza, Zeraderm Ultra.
Indications of the ointments from keloid scars
Before choosing a suitable preparation, it is necessary to pay attention to what kinds of scars and scars there are. After all, this will determine the effectiveness of this or that remedy:
Normotrophic - are considered the standard response of the human body to the resulting injury. These scars are located with a healthy skin at one level and over time become almost invisible.
Hypertrophic - located on the borders of the wound and slightly protruding above the healthy skin. Can appear in the event that the wound has got an infection.
Keloid - have the form of tumors that expand over the connective tissue. Sealed to the touch and always very strongly protrude over the skin.
Atrophic - thin tissue, which begins, as it were, to fall inside the wound. Goes into thin folds.
For today in drugstores it is possible to find a huge quantity of the most various ointments from keloid cicatrixes. Which of them will be the most effective in your particular case, can only be determined by a specialist. But the most popular drugs are the following drugs:
A popular remedy that is used to treat scars and scarring, especially keloid type with proteolytic action, not based on onion extract (in liquid form), allantoin, heparin sodium.
An ointment is used with a calculation of 0.5 cm of funds for 25 cm² of skin. Apply recommended two to three times in 24 hours, rubbing the ointment into the keloid scar with light massage movements. Fresh scars are treated for about four weeks.
If the keloid scar is old and already has a dense surface, it is best to apply the ointment under the bandage. In this case, therapy can last up to six months. It is not applied to the granulation. Patients with intolerance to the components of the ointment to use it is prohibited. Rarely, patients complain of allergic reactions that occur after using the drug.
Medicinal product with antithrombotic effect. The medicine contains the following active components: benzyl nicotinate, heparin sodium, benzocaine. Heparin sodium, gradually freed in the body, begins to slowly act on the inflammatory process. It dissolves old blood clots and does not allow new ones to appear.
It is recommended to apply ointment in small amounts (2 cm) only to the surface of the wound or scar (if the damaged skin does not exceed 5 cm). Rub cautiously. Use two to three times in 24 hours until the patient sees a positive effect.
Patients with ulcerative and necrotic processes in tissues, traumas of the skin, intolerance to the components of the drug to use it is prohibited. In rare cases, patients noted that the use of ointment leads to hyperemia of the skin, as well as to allergies.
Silicone gel of transparent color, which, after application, quickly dries up on the skin. The drug contains such active components: various compounds with a silicon base, a mixture of polymeric organosilicon compounds, silica. Due to the fact that Dermatix evenly moisturizes the skin, scars and scars on it gradually decrease.
With the help of this drug you can get rid of even keloid scars protruding above the skin surface, to relieve itching or burning. Reduce pigmentation on the skin. Do not apply to open and unhealed wounds.
If there is a need to apply Dermatix on the skin of the eyelids, you should do it very carefully so that the gel does not get into the eyes. Use a thin layer of the preparation for application. Apply twice in 24 hours. Before use, the skin should be cleaned with soap and wipe dry. It is recommended to continue treatment for up to two months, but if necessary, the duration can be adjusted by the attending physician.
Patients with unhealed wounds, intolerance to the components of the drug to use it is prohibited. Do not apply together with other dermatological agents. Sometimes it can cause allergies (itching, redness, irritation).
A popular Ayurvedic remedy on a natural basis. In the medicine there are such active components: lodhra and vaccia, tulsi and manjista, beeswax, aloe vera, sesame oil, yasad bhasma and tankan bhasma. Due to this composition, the ointment helps to get rid of scars and scars on the skin, improves the process of cell renewal and the system of their breathing. Can be used to treat stretch marks that appear after pregnancy.
Apply twice a day. To improve the effect is best to use before bedtime. Thoroughly rub the ointment on the skin until it is completely absorbed. The duration of treatment depends on the age of the patient, as well as the condition of the keloid scar. But the first effective results, as a rule, appear already on the fourth week after the beginning of use.
It has no side effects, as it is a completely natural remedy. Patients with intolerance to the components of the drug to use it is prohibited.
Perhaps the most popular antiseptic, which can be found in the home medicine chest of each person. The medicine contains the following active ingredients: xerobes, tar and castor oil.
Most often this ointment is used for frostbite, impose on the affected skin. This avoids the appearance of a keloid scar. Ointment Vishnevsky, despite its unpleasant odor, coping with inflammation, and is indispensable in surgery. This can be explained by its complete harmlessness.
For treatment of keloid scars, the dosage of Vishnevsky ointment is recommended by the attending physician, since it depends not only on the severity of the damage, but also on the age of the patient. Patients with intolerance to the components of the drug to use it is prohibited. Due to its natural composition, it does not cause any unpleasant sensations or symptoms.
A drug that is used to treat badly healing wounds, fotodermita, and also to reduce scars and scars. The drug contains the active ingredient methyluracil. Also additionally the formulation includes petrolatum and lanolin. Thanks to this, the product helps to improve the process of skin regeneration, is characterized by anti-catabolic and anabolic effects.
Apply ointment is recommended only on the affected areas of the skin or on keloid scars in a small amount (1-2 cm). Use once every 24 hours (if necessary, more, but you need to consult a doctor) for 15-30 days.
Patients with excessive granulations, intolerance to the components of the drug to use this ointment is prohibited. The use of the product can cause headaches, allergies, burning at the application site, dizziness.
A popular medication that is characterized by antiviral, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect. The drug contains an active component of zinc oxide. The drug also includes petroleum jelly. Due to this composition, the agent softens and protects the skin, disinfects wounds, reduces keloid scars.
It is recommended to apply the ointment only to the places of scars or wounds two or three times in 24 hours. Use a small amount (1-2 cm) of the drug. The frequency of application can be changed by the attending physician. A specialist is also permanently installing.
Patients with intolerance to drug components, inflammatory or purulent diseases use Zinc ointment is prohibited. In some cases, its use can cause flushing of the skin, allergies, itching.
Medicinal antibacterial ointment, which is used externally. It is active in the control of many pathogens (Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Haemophilus influenzae, Bacillus anthracis, Listeria spp., Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Escherichia coli, Bordetella pertussis, Klebsiella spp., Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., Chlamydia spp. , Rickettsia spp., Treponema spp., Mycoplasma spp.). When wounded, it inhibits the growth and multiplication of bacteria. The drug contains the active ingredient tetracycline.
Apply not only to the damaged surface, but also to grab a little of the neighboring healthy skin. This will help prevent an increase in the area of the lesion. Can be used under the bandage. The duration of therapy and the dosage of the drug is prescribed by the attending physician.
Patients with intolerance to tetracycline, mycosis skin lesions use the drug is prohibited. It is not recommended to use for the treatment of children under the age of eleven. Sometimes patients complain that the ointment causes photosensitivity, allergies, flushing of the skin, itching at the site of application.
A drug for improving regeneration and trophism of tissues based on deproteinized de-alsate, which is extracted from calf blood. Due to this the preparation is able to improve the transportation of glucose and oxygen to the cells of the body, activates the regeneration of tissues, reduces keloid scars.
Before applying the ointment, it is recommended to cleanse the skin well and dry it with a towel. Apply a small amount (1-2 cm of the drug) once or twice every 24 hours. You can use dressings if necessary. The duration of treatment is determined by a specialist.
Patients with intolerance to the components of the drug, as well as a predisposition to allergic reactions to apply the product is not recommended. For the treatment of pregnant women requires constant monitoring of the doctor. May cause marginal dermatitis, allergies, burning.
A drug that is designed to treat keloid and hypertrophic scars. The drug contains the following active ingredients: gecko extract, medical leech extract, collagen, hyaluronic acid.
Apply a small amount of the drug (1-2 cm) to the affected area (scar) and leave on the skin for three to four minutes. Then the ointment is washed off the skin. It is recommended to lubricate the scar two or three times in 24 hours.
Patients with intolerance to the components of the drug to use it is not recommended. May in some cases cause allergic reactions.
Highly effective drug that is used to treat various damages to the skin, as well as to improve the appearance of the skin, thanks to the reduction of scars. The medicine contains only natural active ingredients: vitamin E, propolis, sea buckthorn oil, beeswax, milk lipids, essential oils of lavender, tea tree and rosemary, turpentine oil.
Thanks to its composition, the product helps to quickly restore the protective structure of tissues that have been damaged. The drug effectively heals wounds, prevents the appearance of keloid scars.
Dosage of the ointment is strictly individual. To reduce keloid scars, only a doctor can recommend a course of therapy to the patient and its duration. Patients with intolerance to the components of the drug use it is prohibited. In some cases, it can cause allergies.
A hydrocortisone-based agent that is used to treat non-microbial and inflammatory skin diseases. It can also be used to treat scars.
Use only on the location of keloid scars or wounds. Apply in small amounts (approximately, 1-2 cm of ointment) two to three times in 24 hours. Patients with intolerance to drug components, infectious skin diseases, mycoses, pyoderma, ulcerative lesions use the drug is prohibited. May cause an allergy.
Means, which is used for inflammation of the skin, for the treatment of wounds, scars, scars. The drug contains active ingredients keratolic substance and salicylic acid.
Apply to the keloid scar of 1-2 cm of ointment, close with a napkin (sterile) or bandage. Once every two to three days, you should change the bandage. Patients with intolerance to salicylic acid, renal failure to use the drug is not recommended. Ointment is banned for the treatment of young children.
The use of the product may cause allergic reactions, itching or burning at the site of application, flushing of the skin.
Means that improve the processes of regeneration and trophism of tissues. In the medicine there is an active ingredient deproteinized dealizate, which is extracted from veal blood. Thanks to the increase in cellular metabolism, the scars pass faster, and the skin gets a healthy look.
Dosage and duration of therapy for the treatment of scars is determined by the attending physician and depends on the severity of the patient's condition. As a rule, the course lasts no less than twelve days.
Patients with intolerance to the components of the drug to use it is not recommended. You can use ointment to treat pregnant women. It is transferred, as a rule, well, but in some cases can cause an allergy.
Ointment from keloid scars after surgery
With superficial wounds or abrasions, the skin is fully restored within one month. But deep and extensive scars, which often remain after surgery, remain on the body much longer. This can be explained by the fact that they contain a lot of collagen.
To reduce such a scar in size, it is necessary to use special means, among which ointments are in the first place. The most popular among them are: ointment Kontraktubeks, Mederma, Golden mustache, Dermatics, Spenko, Scarguard, Mepeform.
Ointment for scars after chickenpox
After chicken pox, many patients, especially in adult patients, may have keloid scars. Most often they are more noticeable on the skin of the face. You can use a variety of drugs to help avoid the appearance of scars.
The most popular means for getting rid of scars after chickenpox are the following ointments: Kontraktubeks, Bepanten, Malt. The last ointment based on the extract from the root of ginseng, provitamins, green tea extract, extract of calendula is considered the best for today.
Home ointment from keloid scars
Alternative medicine also offers several effective remedies for scars and scars. The most popular recipes are the following:
Take a few only the blossoming buds of the white lily, crush the plant until the juice appears from it. Boil unrefined oil, pour it into a jar and add the same mass of lily with juice. Leave in a cool and dark place for a few weeks. Apply on scars twice in 24 hours.
Take one gram of mummy and one tube of any baby cream. These ingredients must be mixed and applied to scars once every 24 hours. Leave on the skin for half an hour, then wash off.
Take spruce gum, beeswax, butter and lard (fat). All mixed and applied to the scars twice in 24 hours. Especially suitable for getting rid of old keloid scars.
Consider the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ointments from scars on the example of the popular drug "Kontraktubeks".
This tool is combined. Its effectiveness is due to the active components that make up its composition. It differs in anti-inflammatory, fibrinological, antithrombotic, keratolytic effect. Due to its composition it inhibits proliferation of keloid fibroblasts and regenerates cells without hyperplasia.
Heparin, which is part of the drug penetrates into the deepest layers of the dermis four hours after application to the skin. This penetration of heparin was due to a combination with the extract of onions and allantoin. No systemic absorption was observed during use.
Intolerance of the components of the drug.
Ulcerous lesions of the skin.
Infectious skin diseases.
Side effects of the ointments from keloid scars
Itching or burning at the site of application.
Hyperemia of the skin.
It is very important to store the drug in a place that is inaccessible to young children at an air temperature of no higher than +25 degrees.
Shelf life is from three to four years. Do not use at the end of this period.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
The excision of a keloid scar in combination with conservative treatment is advisable in those cases when the keloid scar has small transverse dimensions on one side and extends considerably above the surface of the skin on the other.
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To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ointments from keloid scars" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.
Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.
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