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General analysis of urine during pregnancy

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 25.06.2018
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The general analysis of urine during pregnancy refers to mandatory tests and is given before each visit to the doctor supervising the pregnancy.

With the help of data from a general urine test, you can learn about the abnormalities in the body at an early stage. Exceeding the level of acetone will talk about liver pathologies, toxicosis. The presence of sugar in the urine indicates the development of diabetes, and protein fractions in the urine - the first sign of toxicosis.

Norms for the general analysis of urine:

  • The volume of the morning portion of the excreted urine is 150-250 ml.
  • The color of urine can range from light yellow to rich yellow (some products and medications can affect its color).
  • Normal urine should be completely transparent, the urine becomes turbid with any inflammation, when protein fractions appear in it.
  • The norm of the density of urine is 1010-1030 g / l. This value may increase with kidney disease (glomerulonephritis, diabetes mellitus), and decrease with chronic renal failure.
  • The acidity of urine can be alkaline (with the use of predominantly plant foods) or acidic, in normal pH is 5-7. If the pregnant woman is not a vegetarian, then the alkaline reaction of urine can be caused by the chronic inflammatory process of the genitourinary sphere. In diabetes mellitus, the urine pH is shifted to the acid side.
  • Leukocytes in the norm should be no less than 5 Units.
  • Erythrocytes should not be normal, 3 units are acceptable. In sight.
  • Bacteria and protein should not normally be contained in a sample of urine, and their presence indicates bacterial inflammation.
  • Also, urine should not contain bilirubin, ketone bodies, glucose, or healinic cylinders (no more than 1-2 in the field of vision).

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12]

Nechiporenko analysis during pregnancy

Nechiporenko's analysis during pregnancy makes it possible to obtain information about the state of the urino-genital system of a woman and at an early stage to identify probable diseases characteristic of this condition - pyelonephritis, cystitis. In pregnancy, the load on the kidneys and excretory system is particularly high, so it is very important to monitor its performance, especially if you are concerned about soreness in the sacrum, in the lumbar region, and there are desires for frequent urination.

Before collecting urine for analysis, you need to hold the perineum toilet and collect the middle portion of urine in a special vial, which you can buy at the pharmacy. Immediately after collecting the material, you need to send a sample of urine to the laboratory.

With the help of the Nechiporenko analysis, it is possible to determine the content of uniform elements in the urine. Increase in the norm of the content of leukocytes indicates inflammation (the probability of cystitis, pyelonephritis), an increase in the erythrocyte norm indicates stones in the kidneys, tumors, the appearance of the urine cylinders in the urine indicates glomerulonephritis, poisoning.

Urine analysis for Nechiporenko during pregnancy should be taken necessarily - with his help you can early on to reveal kidney pathology, late toxicosis, to carry out the necessary treatment and to protect yourself and the unborn baby from complications.

Urine Analysis Acetone in Pregnancy

Urine analysis of acetone in pregnancy is conducted with the aim of more detailed diagnosis of possible internal diseases. When the level of acetone in the urine increases, the pregnant woman becomes sluggish, drowsy, loses appetite, body temperature rises, and thirst develops. In pregnancy, this condition, like any other malaise, is unacceptable. Acetone appears with a shortage of iron, severe digestive system diseases. A similar malaise is observed in those who have long adhered to a diet and limited carbohydrates. If the future mother in the urine appears acetone, then it is very dangerous for the fetus.

The causes of the appearance of acetone in urine:

  • An improper diet, with a predominance of sweet.
  • Stressful situations.
  • A malaise due to a strong early toxicosis.

To facilitate the woman's condition, serious therapy is not required, a well-designed diet and periodic urine testing for acetone. It is not difficult to pass the analysis, the rules of preparation and delivery of the material are the same as for general analysis. The main thing - do not forget about personal hygiene before collecting urine sample for research.

It is important to know!

In a healthy person, the urine is clear and yellow due to the special coloring pigment of the urochrome found in the body. The woman in position is not an exception. 

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