Causes of flatulence in pregnancy
The main causes of flatulence in pregnancy are related to the fact that a woman ... Is pregnant, and her body has been rebuilt to perform the most important biological function - the bearing and the birth of a child.
The hormonal system completely submits to the new physiological condition of the woman, ensuring its stability and fetal safety. You have repeatedly heard about the hormone of the ovary's yellow body progesterone, thanks to which the fetal egg is implanted and fixed in the endometrium of the uterus. In addition, this hormone acts on the muscular wall of the uterus (more precisely, on the adrenoreceptors of its cells), and this leads to a weakening of the muscular tone of the uterus. And since the innervation of the uterus and intestine is common - through the vegetative hypogastric nerve plexuses - the smooth muscles of the intestine also relax. Ultimately, this prevents the timely removal of gases accumulating in the intestine, and pregnant women often complain that they have a stomachache. And many even perceive flatulence as a sign of pregnancy.
In addition, progesterone begins to develop from the 10th week of pregnancy, and the placenta, so that its content rises as the gestation period increases. It also adds pressure to the intestines and all the organs of the abdominal cavity of the growing uterus: gradually it extends beyond the small pelvis and eventually occupies almost the entire abdominal cavity.
Listing the causes of flatulence in pregnancy, do not forget about a hormone like serotonin, whose level in pregnant women also significantly increases. This activates the pancreas and stimulates the release of pepsin and bile. As a result, peristalsis of the intestine is intensified, causing flatulence in the early stages of pregnancy.
Serotonin is a multifunctional hormone, and increasing its production during pregnancy is absolutely justified. On the one hand, it reduces the pain sensitivity of pregnant women, on the other - increases the speed of blood clotting. Moreover, this important hormone during pregnancy accumulates in the muscular wall of the uterus and coordinates and regulates its contractions directly during childbirth.
And, finally, serotonin promotes the enhancement of the metabolism of many symbiotic bacteria of the large intestine, in which the food components undergo bacterial hydrolysis with the formation of gases. And this is another reason for flatulence in pregnant women.
It should be borne in mind that there are reasons for flatulence in pregnancy, which does not depend on the characteristics of a given physiological condition of a woman. Thus, flatulence causes:
- features of nutrition (alimentary flatulence due to excess of sweet, salty and fat in the diet);
- insufficient production of digestive enzymes (digestive flatulence due to poor digestion of food, especially carbohydrate);
- pathology of the digestive system, in particular, diseases of the stomach, gallbladder, small or large intestine (gastritis, cholecystitis, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic colitis, etc.);
- dysbiosis or disturbance of the normal microflora of the large intestine;
- neurotic states, stress (increased adrenaline production disrupts intestinal motility).