Analysis for hepatitis in pregnancy
Analysis of hepatitis during pregnancy is mandatory, it is carried out several times for pregnancy in order to exclude the possibility of disease and to take timely measures to prevent infection of the fetus.
The analysis for viral hepatitis B or the determination of HB-s antigen in the blood is the most accurate way to confirm the diagnosis. If the diagnosis is confirmed, then first of all establish the mechanism of infection, and then conduct medical measures. Usually, the analysis is taken at the fixation on the account in the women's consultation, but if the woman is regularly visited by the nail salon, treated by the dentist, then the analysis is repeated.
Analysis for viral hepatitis C or determination in the blood of AHCV-antigen. This type of disease is most dangerous, as it mainly takes place in a latent form, and the first signs manifest themselves in the late stages, when the treatment will no longer produce results. If the fetus is infected with the hepatitis virus, it can die in utero or a few days after birth. The only method is to give the baby a vaccination, but this is effective in 95% of cases.
Analysis of hepatitis in pregnancy is very important for the health of the mother and fetus, so do not give up and carry out the risk of the health and life of the unborn child.
HIV test for pregnancy
An HIV test for pregnancy should be submitted by every expectant mother after the registration in the women's consultation, then again, after 3 months. Before taking the test, it is better not to have breakfast, but to eat light foods for dinner. The virus of immunodeficiency is a very dangerous disease, transmitted predominantly through sexual and through blood, biological fluids. The virus depletes the immune system and makes it immune to any infections. Even if a woman before the pregnancy had given an HIV test, then it needs to be given again - often at the early stage of infection the serological reaction does not give a positive result, but refuse to analyze and risk the life and health of the unborn child, and her life is not justifiably stupid.
If the result of the analysis is positive, an individual pregnancy management plan and treatment prescribed by the infectious disease specialist are taken. This will enable the child not to get infected in utero, in addition, if HIV infection is effectively treated, you can abandon the caesarean section and give birth naturally, but following the necessary safety measures so as not to infect the child. After the birth, an additional analysis is carried out - a sample of blood is taken from the umbilical vein of the baby.
Analysis of syphilis in pregnancy
Analysis of syphilis during pregnancy is carried out in conjunction with other tests for infection. The direction for this analysis is given at an early pregnancy, in order to have time to prescribe treatment and take the necessary measures in case of detection of the pathogen.
The analysis for syphilis or RW is carried out three times throughout the pregnancy - after registration on the account, at 30-38 weeks of pregnancy and at hospitalization in the hospital. For the analysis, venous blood is collected, best for an empty stomach, and a day before the analysis, it is strictly forbidden to eat fatty, fried foods and alcoholic beverages or alcohol-based preparations.
The results of the analysis can be either positive or negative. Positive results are of this classification:
- + - means a questionable reaction.
- ++ - means a weakly positive reaction.
- +++ means a positive reaction.
- ++++ means a sharply positive reaction.
If the diagnosis proves to be positive, the woman is prescribed additional studies, according to the results of which specific treatment is prescribed to prevent congenital syphilis in the unborn child. The congenital form of syphilis practically does not give in to treatment and leads to the formation of serious complications in the child, including the brain.
Analysis for salmonellosis in pregnancy
Analysis of salmonella during pregnancy, a woman must take the testimony. Even if the infection manifests itself poorly, do not delay with the referral to the doctor and the diagnosis. Identify the pathogen in the blood can be already five days after infection - in the analysis of the blood will already appear antibodies to the pathogen. If you do not go to a doctor and do not undergo treatment, the disease will go into a latent form.
Analysis of a stool specimen or rectal smear for salmonellosis during pregnancy can be used as a diagnostic method at the first signs of the disease, as well as planned bacteriological analysis during registration at a women's consultation. The analysis became mandatory due to the fact that many future mothers have the disease without stormy symptoms or in a latent form.
In childbirth, salmonella can infect a newborn and cause a number of dangerous diseases. To exclude this, if a future mother has antibodies to salmonella or salmonella in a bacterial study, a course of specific treatment is prescribed. Drugs are selected in such a way that they do not penetrate the placenta and do not affect the fetus. Prescribe antibiotics short courses, after the abolition of drugs is recommended three times and with an interval to pass the analysis for salmonellosis.
Analyzes during pregnancy on infection will help to identify this or that disease at an early stage and to protect the mother and child from possible complications.