^

Tar Dandruff Shampoo

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 29.08.2019
Fact-checked
х

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Caring for hair that is prone to the formation of multiple skin scales (dead skin cells of the epidermis) requires a special approach. Regular shampoos are not able to cope with the problem. Special treatments have been developed to destroy the fungus - the main source of dandruff [1], to cope with hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands. It is to such drugs applies tar shampoo.

Indications Tar shampoo

Tar shampoo for dandruff should be used in the event that the naked eye is noticeably abundant in the hair scales, they priprashivayut shoulders. Often, there is itching, irritation of the skin.

Dandruff is both dry and oily. In both cases, the problem cannot be ignored because of the danger of a transition to seborrhea - a more severe form of the disease, leading to baldness. [2]This shampoo is more suitable for oily hair, because it tends to dry the skin. It is recommended to use the remedy even for psoriasis of the scalp. The choice of therapeutic agent is best agreed with the doctor-trichologist.[3]

Pharmacodynamics

Tar shampoo is made using tar - a product of thermal effects on wood. Its therapeutic effect is determined by the composition:

  • phytoncides have antibacterial character;
  • Creosols - known antiseptic effect, have a wide spectrum of action, inhibit the reproduction of fungi;
  • Guaiacol - antiseptic, relieves irritation and itching;
  • organic acids - contribute to the detachment of scales;
  • tar - moisturize the scalp;
  • dioxybenzene - cell renewal regulator.

Penetrating into the skin, the tool eliminates infection by a fungus, reduces the amount of fat synthesized by the glands, activates the microcirculation of blood in the hair follicles, ensuring their nutrition. [4]

Use Tar shampoo during pregnancy

There are no direct contraindications against the use of tar shampoo during pregnancy, unless the woman herself rejects it because of a peculiar strong odor that can cause nausea, or an allergy to it.

The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can both save a woman from a previously existing hair problem or cause it. Tar soap can help get rid of the problem without waiting for childbirth.

Contraindications

A large number of biologically active substances in tar can cause an allergic reaction to it. Before using the first time you need to test, dripping shampoo on the elbow bend or brushing it behind the ear. The absence of redness, irritation indicates the absence of a negative effect on the skin.

Other contraindications include damage to the integrity of the skin of the head, acute inflammatory processes, great dryness of the hair (means dries them).

Side effects Tar shampoo

Side effects can be caused by excessive drying of the skin and hair as a result of shampooing. The dullness and brittleness of hair, their loss, skin irritation are a signal to stop the use of the tool. In rare cases, this can lead to furunculosis. There is evidence of carcinogenic tar shampoo.[5]

Dosing and administration

Tar shampoo is medical, therefore there are few ingredients in its composition that provide foaming. Before applying it is poured into the palm of your hand and form a foam, then it is rubbed into the roots of wet hair with light massage movements and applied to their entire length. Hold the drug on the head for 4-5 minutes, then wash off with acidified water, because the tar has a slightly alkaline reaction and shampoo is not washed with plain water.

The course of treatment with tar shampoo is 1-1.5 months with a frequency of 3 times a week. It is not suitable for daily shampooing.

  • Application for children

The usefulness of tar shampoo has more than once been proven by testing conducted on different types of hair with dandruff problem. Its results did not reveal anything that would not allow it to be applied to children.

Storage conditions

The shampoo can be stored in the bathroom at a temperature not exceeding + 25 ° C in the distance from direct sunlight.

Shelf life

The shelf life depends on the manufacturer and varies from six months to 3 years.

Analogs

To combat dandruff, you can use other means of washing hair. Among them: "Nizoral", "Skin-cap", "Keto plus", "Sulsena". The use of a tar-free shampoo (2% salicylic acid, 0.75% pyroctone olamine, and 0.5% elubiol) has proven to be more effective in eliminating dandruff than tar-based shampoos.[6]

Reviews

Numerous reviews indicate the effectiveness of the shampoo, its availability is noted. The course of its application, as a rule, provides the elimination of dandruff on average for half a year. From time to time people resort to it in order to prevent the development of seborrhea.

Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Tar Dandruff Shampoo" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.