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Ointments from spots after acne

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 11.04.2020
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The appearance of pigment spots after acne is, of course, not a disease. However, this phenomenon can be called an extremely unpleasant cosmetic problem, which brings a lot of trouble to its owner. How to get rid of this problem? Certainly, the best ointment from spots after acne can recommend only a medical specialist (in this case - a dermatologist). We offer you a brief overview of the most common means for getting rid of stains. Such funds can be purchased at any pharmacy, and they are, in most cases, not so expensive.

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Indications of the ointments from spots after acne

Spots after acne are nothing more than redundant places of accumulation of the pigmentary substance melanin - a dark skin pigment. This happens if there is a pronounced or long-lasting inflammatory process in the tissues.

Spots after acne can be divided into several options:

  • bluish-dark spots, up to crimson - appear after a strong inflammation of the skin, after boils and massive deep acne eruptions. Such intensive color spots can be difficult to deduce - treatment can take a long time and is difficult;
  • reddish and blue-red spots from acne is an easy degree of inflammation. Such tracks are often temporary and pass on their own. Only in some cases, short-term treatment may be required;
  • spots after acne - can be accompanied not only by darkening of the skin, but also by the formation of scars, which can not be eliminated easily. In addition to ointments from spots after acne, you may need a deep skin peeling.

The spots after the pimples do not always appear. Most often this occurs as a result of improper disposal of rashes:

  • with insufficient disinfection of the skin;
  • when the acne process is neglected;
  • when squeezing acne;
  • if the skin around the pimples is damaged.

To prevent spots from forming, treatment of acne should be started in a timely and competent manner.

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Release form

This form of release, like ointment, can affect the spots from acne differently.

  1. Ointments with clarifying effect are produced with the addition of hydroquinone - a substance with bleaching effect. Such remedies well eliminate hyperpigmentation, but they should be used moderately, in short courses. Otherwise, it is possible to change the structure of cells, which can lead to serious diseases, up to malignant tumors. In addition, the combined use of hydroquinone and vitamin preparations based on retinol is not recommended.
  2. Ointments with water-soluble and fat-soluble hydroxy acids are able to exfoliate the surface layers of the skin, which helps to reduce the intensity of hyperpigmentation. To similar ointments it is possible to carry preparations on the basis of salicylic, citric, glycolic and lactic acids.
  3. Ointments against acne contain the active substance - azelaic acid, which works great for hormone-dependent rashes (eg, acne during puberty). With ordinary pimples, this substance will not bring the expected effect.
  4. Ointments based on kojic acid, arbutin or magnesium ascorbyl-2-phosphate - substances that actively inhibit the synthesis of melanin.

Titles

To pharmaceuticals that act against the formation of spots from acne, you can include such drugs:

  • antiseptics - ichthyol and streptocidal ointment - have antimicrobial and disinfecting action;
  • antibacterial preparations - Levomecol ointments, Zinerit, etc. - relieve the inflammatory reaction;
  • hormonal agents - Lorinden A, Flucinar - eliminate inflammation and correct metabolic processes in tissues;
  • antihistamines - Fenistil, Elidel - eliminate the pigmentation caused by an allergic reaction.

In addition, it is necessary to distinguish and other effective ointments from spots after acne:

  • heparin ointment;
  • badyaga;
  • contractubex;
  • sintomycin ointment;
  • zinc ointment;
  • sulfuric ointment, etc.

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Ointments that lighten the stains from acne

Ointment from spots after acne can consist of components that have different bleaching properties. Some of them are completely harmless to the body, but some can also be toxic - for example, hydroquinone. Instead, it is now actively used arbutin - a similar bleaching agent, which does not pose a danger to the body.

Ointment from spots after acne on the basis of sulfur also has a clarifying and exfoliating property. However, when choosing such ointment, it is necessary to pay attention only to those means in which the sulfur content is not less than 10%, only such preparations can effectively bleach the areas with hyperpigmentation.

If mercury is present in the ointment, it may also have a whitening effect, but this ointment, besides good, often brings the body and much harm due to its toxicity.

Well, if the component of the ointment from the spots is present melanosim component - a specific natural enzyme, which is able to destroy the persistent bonds of melanin, which are accumulations of pigment in the surface layers of the skin.

Professional remedies for stains after acne often contain kojic acid - it is a non-hazardous substance that perfectly exfoliates the surface layer. The disadvantage of kojic acid is its ability to cause allergic reactions.

Zinc ointment from red spots after acne

Zinc ointment is an inexpensive and effective remedy based on zinc oxide and vaseline oil. The ointment has a drying and tanning action, eliminates the residual signs of an inflammatory reaction.

Zinc ointment is used for a large number of skin problems:

  • with diaper rash;
  • with diathesis;
  • with superficial injuries of the skin.

In addition, this tool is actively used to get rid of red spots after acne. Ointment is applied to the spots daily, minimally - 4 times, maximum - 6 times a day. Duration of treatment - until the complete disappearance of hyperpigmented sites.

The only contraindication for the use of zinc ointment in the fight against skin spots is excessive allergic sensitivity to the composition of the external agent.

Salicylic ointment

Salicylic ointment is suitable for the treatment of many skin diseases. This preparation is based on salicylic acid.

Salicylic ointment has an anti-inflammatory effect, which makes it possible to use it for the treatment of eczematous rashes, purulent skin lesions, seborrheic rash, warts, psoriatic plaques, sweating and ichthyosis. Salicylic acid is a keratolytic, which explains the good exfoliating and renewing properties of the drug.

Ointment to control stains after acne is imposed on the problem areas, once a day (at night). For a week, the drug is used daily, after which it is applied to the application every other day. In addition, moisturizing creams are necessarily used, since the ointment has a significant drying effect.

If there is no opportunity to buy salicylic ointment, you can use a conventional solution of salicylic acid. These funds have much in common, and the degree of their effectiveness is almost the same. However, if you have dry and sensitive skin, then these drugs will not work for you, as they very much dry the surface of the skin, which can negatively affect the condition of the epidermis.

Synthomycin ointment

Synthomycin ointment is a long-term proven remedy for pigment spots, including after acne. The composition of the ointment is an antimicrobial agent, an antibiotic with levomycetin and castor oil, an antiseptic and a mild skin clarifier.

Ointment is used every other day, preferably - under a bandage or bandage.

Synthomycin ointment is not recommended for use in pregnancy, with a high likelihood of allergies, as well as eczema or fungal lesions (mycoses, candidiasis).

In addition, this remedy for stains after acne can not be used for a long time, since the ointment can cause an addictive effect that will significantly slow down and make skin cleansing more difficult.

Heparin ointment

Heparin ointment is often used for thrombosis, varicose veins, hemorrhoids. However, few know that heparin is no less effective in case of hematomas, blue circles under the eyes, as well as spots on the face and body after acne.

The main ingredient of the drug is sodium heparin - a carbohydrate substance that affects blood coagulability, platelet quality and blood circulation. As additional ingredients in the ointment are present vaseline oil, glycerin, stearin, benzocaine, etc.

Heparin ointment is used in small amounts, causing to problem areas up to three times a day. It should be borne in mind that the effect of heparin continues for 8 hours after application of the product to the skin.

As a rule, 10 days of ointment application is sufficient to improve the skin condition. However, if there are additional rashes, itching, redness - the use of the agent is better to stop.

Do not recommend the use of ointment with open wounds and damage to the integrity of the skin, as well as with poor blood coagulability.

Ichthyol ointment

One of the natural and inexpensive means for getting rid of acne spots is an ichthyol ointment - a substance containing shale resins and organic sulfur.

Ointment cleanses the skin, stops the development of the inflammatory reaction, disinfects, softens, helps restore the superficial epidermis.

In addition to removing stains after acne, ichthyol ointment can be used:

  • directly with pimples and acne eruptions;
  • with redness and irritation of the skin;
  • with sunburn;
  • at coarsening and keratinization of the skin.

To get rid of spots after acne ointment is applied overnight, under a bandage or bandage. The duration of application is determined by the depth and severity of the pigmentation areas.

Ointment is not used:

  • with combined use of iodine preparations;
  • with a tendency to allergies;
  • during pregnancy (undesirable).

It is not recommended to apply the product to large areas of the skin. If the zone of hyperpigmentation is extensive, then it is better to use a spot application of the ointment - directly to the place of acne.

Sulfur ointment from spots on the face after acne

In order to eliminate spots after acne with the help of sulfuric ointment, it is necessary to take a drug with a sulfur concentration of at least 10%. The lower concentration will not cope with exfoliation of the old skin cells. And as a whole sulfuric ointment is effective enough in the fight against hyperpigmentation, and the cost of such a tool pleases.

However, this ointment is not without its drawbacks:

  • not quite a pleasant scent of the remedy;
  • difficult to wash off the skin;
  • Do not wash off when you get on cloth clothes.

Serum ointment is applied to a moist face (on affected areas) once every two days. The duration of treatment is usually 3-4 weeks.

Do not use sulfuric drug:

  • during pregnancy;
  • at an allergic inclination of an organism.

If you are not sure that the drug is completely safe for you, test: apply a small amount of ointment to the wrist area and wait. If there is no redness, itching, or discomfort during this period, you can use a remedy to get rid of stains on the face.

Pharmacodynamics

In order to obtain the expected whitening effect, the ointment from the spots after the acne should have the following properties:

  • stop the inflammatory process - this property is especially important if there are acne on the background of spots, which must be treated (otherwise the spots will appear again);
  • to disinfect the skin, to neutralize the bacteria - to avoid recurrence of acne and prevent the development of the infectious process;
  • exfoliate the surface layer - this is the main whitening effect, when old, pigmented cells peel off, where new ones appear - healthy ones. This property in medicine is called keratolytic.

Ointment can have any one action, or combine various properties, which only improves the effectiveness of the drug.

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Pharmacokinetics

Kinetic properties of ointments are due to active ingredients, they determine the depth of penetration of the drug deep into the tissues. In the systemic blood supply ointments from the spots do not fall, so it is not possible to describe the effect of such funds on the body.

Some drugs can be detected in the bloodstream in a small amount (up to about 5% of the total amount of the active ingredient), which has no clinical and pharmacological significance.

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Use of the ointments from spots after acne during pregnancy

If it is proved that the components of the used ointment do not enter the systemic blood supply, then the use of such a drug during pregnancy is allowed. However, use the ointment carefully, avoiding getting it on the mucous membranes, eyes and mouth, as well as the skin of the mammary glands (which is especially important for lactating women).

Especially dangerous is the use of certain drugs in the first half of pregnancy. These include sulfuric, ichthyol and heparin ointments.

Absolutely contraindicated in pregnancy ointment from spots after acne based on mercury.

Summarizing the above, it should be noted that it is very important to carefully read the composition of the ointment before use so as not to harm the future child and not jeopardize the development of the pregnancy itself.

Contraindications

Contraindications to the use of ointments from spots after acne can be:

  • superficial skin lesions, ulcers, trauma;
  • Fungal diseases of the skin at the site of application of drugs;
  • Subcutaneous hemorrhage (when applying heparin ointment);
  • skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis);
  • necrosis of superficial or deep tissues;
  • period of pregnancy and breastfeeding;
  • childhood;
  • increased sensitivity of the body to the composition of the selected drug.

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Side effects of the ointments from spots after acne

Side effects when using ointments from spots after acne occur rarely. It may be itching on the site of application, short-term burning sensation, dry skin, peeling (which is quite normal), skin irritation, contact dermatitis, allergic reactions (hives, swelling, redness of the skin).

As a rule, any side effects occur independently after discontinuing the use of the selected ointment.

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Dosing and administration

Before starting the procedure, it is necessary to clean and prepare the surface of the skin on which the preparation will be applied. If there are crusts, they are carefully removed, the skin is washed and disinfected.

Ointment from the spots after the pimples are applied according to the instructions, from 1-2 times a day to 2-3 times a week.

The ointment can be applied to the skin and left to dry completely. However, some drugs are recommended to be applied under a bandage or bandage: in this case, you may need a bandage, gauze or an adhesive patch of the appropriate size.

The duration of procedures for lightening the skin - from 10 days to 4 weeks.

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Overdose

Too frequent application of ointments from spots after acne can lead to dryness and irritation of the skin.

Some ointments (for example, sintomycin) with an overdose can be addictive, after which the drug will already be useless for lightening the skin.

It is recommended to use the dosages of the drugs in accordance with the scheme prescribed by the doctor. If you use the ointment yourself, then carefully read the instructions carefully. And even better, if the treatment will be under the guidance of an experienced dermatologist or cosmetologist.

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Interactions with other drugs

Interactions of difficultly combined external preparations are possible - this depends on their composition and the way they affect the tissues. Some interactions are difficult to predict: basically this refers to biologically active additives and external preparations of plant origin.

If there is any doubt about the compatibility of a particular drug, then in such a situation it is better to consult the doctor. It is possible that the ointments may not be suitable for joint application.

Ointments from stains with keratolytic action, when combined with each other, can lead to excessive dryness of the skin, which may require further special restorative treatment.

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Storage conditions

Most ointments from spots after acne do not require special storage conditions. For example, it is not necessary to store ointments in the refrigerator: it is enough to place them in a dark place, where the sun's rays do not fall. The optimum temperature for storing ointments is from +20 to +24 ° C.

Children should not be allowed to store medicines and cosmetics. Small children can accidentally swallow a remedy, or use it in another way, harming their own health. Even the most seemingly safe ointment, in this situation, can be harmful.

Some ointments have storage restrictions: for this reason, for optimal preservation and efficacy of the drug, it is recommended that you first familiarize yourself with the instructions for a particular external preparation.

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Shelf life

The shelf life of a remedy such as ointment from spots after acne is usually about 3 years, unless another period is indicated in the instructions. Carefully study the instructions for the drug before proceeding with the procedures.

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Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ointments from spots after acne" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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