Treatment of dry skin in a newborn depends on the causes that caused this phenomenon. First of all, it is necessary to organize the proper care for the child. Always a daily bath. What to bathe a newborn with dry skin? The baby should have his own bath, thoroughly washed with soda and sponge before each bath. Water is used warm - 34-37 0 C and gradually decreases by a degree with each procedure up to 30-32 0. A solution of potassium permanganate should not be used; it will further dry the skin. You can apply a weak infusion of anti-inflammatory and antiseptic herbs. Children's hygiene products - soap, shampoo should not be used every day, 1-2 times a week is enough. After their use, it is necessary to wash the child clean water from under the shower or from a jug. An individual towel for wiping should be made of natural fabrics, and movements are blotting. Than to smear a dry skin of the newborn? For this, there are special means for skin care for babies. They also need to handle dry places, and especially carefully wrinkles.
What to do with dry skin of a newborn, if all these measures do not help and there are new places with peeling of the epidermis? Be sure to contact the pediatrician and find out the reason. The diagnosis of atopic dermatitis requires the use of anti-inflammatory, antihistamines, antibiotics, antioxidants.
Another unpleasant disease of ichthyosis is a genetic one and consists in violation of the process of keratinization of the skin. Unfortunately, no method for combating it has yet been found. The reason lies in the gene mutations, and the methods of influence on these processes are not yet open, then all the therapy is reduced to constant moisturizing and nourishing the skin.
The antiallergic drugs used in pediatrics with dry skin and its peeling include diazolin, tavegil, suprastin.
Suprastinum - prescribe to children from monthly age. It is available in tablets and injectable liquids. The main active substance of the drug is chloropyramine hydrochloride. The dose for small children up to a year is 5 mg or 0.25 ml with the calculation that a day can give no more than 2 mg per kilogram of the child's weight. Adverse reactions that may follow after taking the drug are increased excitability, prolonged wakefulness of the baby. In this case, the drug is canceled.
Soothing means for dermatitis apply such: persen, novopassit, Leonurus, valerian. Only a pediatrician can determine the expediency of using the drug and its dose.
Motherwort - there are 4 herbal medicinal forms: tablets, powders, alcoholic and aqueous infusions, but the latter is suitable for the newborn. This plant contains essential oils, tannins, organic acids, vitamins A and C. Thanks to this agent, the work of the nervous system and internal organs improves. The motherwort is contraindicated for allergies to it.
In case of abnormalities in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, babies are prescribed a plattex for newborns.
Plantex - a preparation in granules, consisting of natural components: fennel, essential oil of the same plant, auxiliary substances: lactose, dextrose. Apply, starting with the child's two-week age, immediately after a meal or in the intervals between feedings. To prepare a solution, one packet of granules should be poured into 100ml of warm boiled water and carefully unbuttoned until the granules are completely dissolved. In each procedure, make a fresh solution, do not cook for future use. You can give from a bottle or a spoon. If this makes it difficult to take a nursing mother, with her milk, the product will get to the child. Contraindications to the drug is intolerance to the components and insufficiency of the lactose enzyme. Side effects include allergies.
Irreplaceable with dry skin care products. Some of them are panthenol, beponen, dermopantenom.
Panthenol - there are various forms of this drug: cream, ointment, milk, aerosols with aloe vera, vitamin complex, menthol, etc. This drug is not toxic, does not have a carcinogenic property, therefore it is indicated for use from birth. After bathing or washing, the product is applied to the peeling areas, especially carefully folded wrinkles. Contraindicated in hypersensitivity to components, t. Allergy is possible.
Since one of the causes of dry skin in newborns is the lack of vitamin A and PP, then these vitamins are prescribed for its elimination. Vitamin E, fish oil, can also be solved. It is necessary to control the vitamin D content in the body, its overabundance reduces the calcium content in the body, which can cause allergies. External means for the care of the baby's calf, including vitamins, will also improve the skin condition, if there is no more complicated problem behind this.
Physiotherapeutic treatment is effective in treating such serious diseases as atopic dermatitis, ichthyosis. It includes various methods of influencing the epidermis: ultrathin, oxygen, ozone, ultrasound, magnet, electric current, etc. In addition to the positive effects of such procedures on the affected areas, there are contraindications, which the doctor must take into account when appointing.
Alternative treatment of dry skin offers the use of trays with anti-inflammatory, antiseptic herbs, lotions, powder, prepared according to alternative recipes. Here are a few of them:
- grate large potatoes on a small grater, squeeze a little, wrap this mass in gauze and attach it to the affected area, hold it for a while;
- honey and Kalanchoe juice mixed in equal parts, insist a week in the refrigerator, lubricate the location of the peeling;
- To process the inflamed sites a solution of vinegar and water in a proportion 1:10;
- Combine geranium oil with refined sunflower oil, lubricate dry areas.
Treatment with herbs for dry skin in newborns involves first of all the preparation of infusions for bathing. To do this, it is useful chamomile, celandine, calendula, thyme, lemon balm, mint, sage, lavender. The sequence, although known for its antiseptic properties, but dries the skin, so its use should be treated with caution, watching the reaction. A good healing effect in the pollen of lycopodium, it is used as a powder.
Homeopathy in pediatrics is used quite often, but if it does not hurt so small a child should decide the doctor.
As sedatives are used: "Caprice", "Nota", "Zaychonok", "Edas", "Baby Sed", "Valerianahel", "Nervoghel", "Shalun".
"Hare" - fruit syrup, which uses fruits of barberry, caraway, mint, lemon balm, motherwort, hawthorn, chamomile, valerian root, vitamins A and B6. The dosage is determined by the homeopath, but the general scheme of the intake is that the drug dissolves in water (on average it is a teaspoonful) given to the baby during feeding. Contraindicated if hypersensitivity to any of the components. Allergy is possible as a side effect.
With reddening of the epidermis, red spots apply aconite, pulsatilla, lycopodium. Alumina 6, 12 (dilutions) is prescribed for skin peeling, cracking, itching; Sulfur 6 - with rashes of an allergic nature; if the cause of dry skin and peeling - a violation of the digestive tract organs use iris 3, 6; dry crusts for dermatitis are treated with arsenicum, calcarrian carbonate; scaling of scales - arsenicum, procedure, calcara.
Here are some more homeopathic medicines that can be purchased in pharmacies and used for the treatment of children:
- spenglersan koloid K - a spray for the skin, a clear liquid with a specific smell. Infants up to one year are recommended one spraying three times a day. No contraindications or side effects found;
- traumeel C - ointment, has anti-inflammatory, protiekssudativnym action. You can apply to children from birth. Apply a thin layer on the inflamed area 2-3 times a day for 2 weeks. Possible additional rashes with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
- Nocta is a soothing drug, for small children it is produced in drops. Stabilizes the autonomic nervous system. The dose is 1 drop per tablespoon of water or milk, used three times a day between feedings. Side effects are possible in the form of allergic manifestations;
- irikar - cream, used for itching of skin of various origin, eczema. Before use, children under one year of age should consult a doctor. It is applied to problem areas of the skin with a light ball three times a day. There are cases of a hypersensitivity reaction to the use of the drug.
Surgical treatment for dry skin is resorted to if there is infection of the skin with pronounced signs of intoxication: high temperature, the appearance of deep abscesses or carbuncles. Other conditions do not require surgical intervention.