Symptoms of temperature in a newborn baby can be combined with other symptoms or it may be the only symptom. There are several types of hyperthermia.
Types of temperature increase:
- low-grade - 37-37,9 ° С
- febrile 38-38,9 ° С
- pyretic 39-39,9 ° С
- Hyperpyretic ≥ 40 ° C.
If the temperature of a newborn baby is raised to 37.5 degrees and there are no more manifestations, then most likely this indicates that the child simply overheated. If there is no such reason, then it can be just such a feature due to imperfection of the thermoregulation center. In this case, it will pass by itself towards the end of the first month of life.
If there are other symptoms, then this indicates a disease. Subfebrile body temperature in a newborn can be with a viral infection. Usually, usually a cold starts with a general malaise, sneezing, sore throat, nasal congestion or runny nose, which are well-marked on day 2-3 of the disease. Often ARVI is accompanied by fever, sensation of aches in the whole body, muscles, joints, headache, chills. Sometimes cough, hoarseness or change in the timbre of voice, joins ears. In children, as a result of nasal breathing and dry dry coughing, sleep can be disturbed. When a baby can not sleep at night, he can snore, cough, eat poorly. All these signs can be with a simple rhinitis caused by a viral infection. If the process of inflammation spreads to the pharynx, then it can be combined with pharyngitis. In this case, there are symptoms of coughing, sensation of pain or scratching in the throat. But the kid can not complain about it, so with a simple sore throat, he badly eats and is capricious. It is these viral infections that are most often accompanied by subfebrile body temperature.
The high temperature of a newborn baby, which reaches 39 degrees, is very dangerous and requires immediate action. Most often this happens with a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract, urinary tract or any other infection. Pneumonia is the most common cause of high body temperature in a newborn baby. In this case, inflammation occurs in the alveoli with impaired sputum outflow due to the physiologically horizontal position of the child. Therefore, along with an increase in body temperature, other symptoms of intoxication quickly appear. The child begins to eat poorly, is capricious, does not sleep, there is a cough. At the beginning of the disease, it can be dry, but then it becomes deep and wet, especially after sleep. Along with these symptoms, there are signs of shortness of breath. For pneumonia, the first-second degree of dyspnea is characteristic. In newborns, this is manifested by the pallor of the skin and cyanosis around the mouth, which appears when the child is restless. In addition, additional muscles participate in the act of breathing - you can notice the child's swelling of the wings of the nose, retraction of the supraclavicular areas. If there is at least one of the symptoms of dyspnoea or cough that combine with a high body temperature, then a very high probability of pneumonia.
The wheezing in a newborn baby without a temperature can also talk about pneumonia, because it is because of the incomplete development of the thermoregulatory center that it can react incorrectly. Therefore, the absence of body temperature against the background of symptoms of respiratory failure or coughing does not exclude pneumonia.
Urinary tract infection in newborns has few symptoms, because it is difficult at this age to follow the urination of the baby. But any increase in body temperature without signs on the part of the respiratory system can be regarded as a possible infection of the urinary tract. The only symptom that mom can notice is a violation of the process of urination. A child may be less or more likely to urinate, and the color of urine may be cloudy. But it's difficult to diagnose if the baby wears a diaper. There may be a small amount of blood in the urine, which is also difficult to see. If it is a question of the girl, development of a cystitis of a rising etiology is possible with more probability, than other pathology. Then, against the background of an increase in body temperature, there may be droplets of blood in the urine or vaginal discharge.
The temperature of a newborn child 38 without symptoms can be either a transient state, which happens when the child overheats. But sometimes this may be the first sign of a pathology that has not yet been sung to manifest and then one must wait for the appearance of other symptoms today or tomorrow.
It is necessary to know about another complex condition that a newborn child can cause a significant increase in body temperature. To this state is omphalitis. It is an inflammation of the skin and fiber around the navel caused by the bacterial flora. For newborns, this is a particularly dangerous condition, since children are often discharged home and the umbilical cord has not yet healed, or the navel has not disappeared at all. This can be a gateway to an infection that spreads very quickly here. Clinically, on the background of a rise in body temperature, one can see that a liquid starts to appear from the navel or that it turns red. If already he starts to get bogged down, then it already threatens with sepsis. Therefore, when the body temperature rises, attention should be paid to the navel and its condition.
It is necessary to distinguish between two types of fever - white and red. They differ in clinical features and approaches to treatment. White fever is characterized by an increase in the body temperature of the child and spasm of peripheral vessels. Clinically, this is manifested by the fact that against the background of temperature and hot forehead, the child has pale and cold hands and feet. This type of fever requires an immediate drop in body temperature. With red fever, the peripheral vessels on the contrary expand and so the baby is all hot and red. This contributes to the fact that the temperature decreases faster than with narrowed vessels. Therefore, this is a less dangerous form of fever.
Low temperature in a newborn baby may indicate hypothermia or hypoglycemia. If a child sharply against a background of complete health reduces body temperature, then you need to make sure that he is not cold and he is not hungry. Then, after eating and dressing, everything can be normalized.