Giardiasis in dogs is a disease that is caused by the simplest parasitic pathology of lamblia. Unlike humans, dogs with giardiasis are more susceptible to acute and chronic forms of the disease. Various internal organs of the animal may fall under the defeat.
Just like the human body is affected primarily by the small intestine. The defeat of this part of the gastrointestinal tract leads to the development of symptoms of dermatological disorders, allergies and neurological irritations.
Anyone can infect Giardiasis. The whole danger lies in the fact that this disease is transmitted not only from the animal to the animal, but also from the person to the pet. Therefore, problems arise not only in the detection, but also in the treatment of the disease.
The lamblia parasite can be located in the body both in the form of a trophozoid, and in the form of a frozen cyst. In the latter state, the parasite organism can for a long time remain immobile until it reaches the weakened intestine. The first condition for multiplying - the pathogen must have a moist and cool environment.
Parasites of lamblia spread through the discharge with cysts that enter the environment. After that, microorganisms spread through the water and air - moving through the objects that fall into infected feces. Cysts - lamblia penetrate the digestive tract and dissolve their membrane. This process is helped by gastric juice. After dissolution of the membrane, two trophozoids leave the cyst, which after a while are transformed into full-valued parasitizing individuals. Unfortunately, the effect of lamblia on the small intestine has not been reliably studied. But veterinarians adhere to the theory that giardiasis chooses for its environment a cavity of the small intestine - as in the human body. Lamblias secret toxins and destructively affect the walls of the intestine. These processes counteract the normal digestion and digestion of food. As a consequence, diarrhea occurs.
To counteract the disease, it is necessary to have strong immunity to both the animal and the human.