Diseases affecting the lower part of the urinary system often interfere with the normal emptying of the bladder, and can even lead to the death of the urethra, the tubular organ that connects the bladder to the external environment. Very often, the cause is lower urinary tract disease in cats. Urological syndrome of cats (USC), as was previously called the disease of the lower urinary tract in cats, is not just one disease, but a number of clinical symptoms that may have more than one possible cause. Symptoms of lower urinary tract infection in cats include frequent and painful urination, bloody urine, and frequent urinary eruptions. The key to treating the disease of the lower urinary tract in cats is to determine the root cause. It can be stones in the bladder, plugging the urinary tract, infection or cancer. If the cause of these symptoms can not be determined, it is believed that the cat has inflammation of the bladder (cystitis).
To learn about diseases of the upper urinary tract in cats, read an article on kidney disease.
What causes diseases of the lower urinary tract in cats?
Accumulation of stones, crystals or sand in the bladder or urethra
Urethral plug (accumulation of urine sediment)
Inflammation or infection of the bladder
Incontinence due to excessive intake of water or a weak bladder
Damage or swelling in the urinary tract
Diseases of the spinal cord
What diseases can lead to lower urinary tract disease?
Endocrine diseases, such as hyperthyroidism and diabetes, can cause diseases of the lower urinary tract in cats.
Which cats are prone to lower urinary tract diseases?
Disease of the lower urinary tract in cats is rarely diagnosed in animals under one year. The average age is usually four years. In general, males are more prone to clogging the urethra, because their urethra is narrower.
How can I tell if a cat has a lower urinary tract disease?
The following symptoms may indicate that the cat has problems with the urinary tract:
Inability to urinate or pass a small amount of urine
Bloody or cloudy urine
Loss of bladder control, dripping of urine
Increasing the frequency of urination or visiting the tray
Stress and / or cry from pain while trying to urinate
Extended seat in the tray
Fear / avoiding the tray and puddles in the wrong places
Constant licking of the urinary hole
Strong smell of ammonia in the urine
Increase in water consumption
Solid inflated belly
What if I think that the cat has a lower urinary tract disease?
Call the vet immediately, especially if your cat strains to urinate, or screams in pain. Perhaps, urgent medical aid is necessary!
How is the lower urinary tract diagnosed?
To diagnose the disease of the lower urinary tract, the veterinarian should conduct a full medical examination, make a clinical analysis of urine and, possibly, urine culture, a blood test, radiography and ultrasound.
How are diseases of the lower part of the urinary tract treated?
Since urinary tract diseases in cats are so diverse and potentially serious in nature, the first step is to immediately contact the veterinarian for help. Depending on the forecast, the following can be recommended:
Antibiotics or other drugs
Changes in diet
Increase in water consumption
Urinary oxidizing agents
Pushing out small stones through the urethra
Surgical operation to remove stones from the bladder or tumor or to correct congenital pathology
Urinary catheter or surgical operation to remove clogging of the urethra in males
What can happen if you do not treat diseases of the lower urinary tract in cats?
Untreated diseases of the urinary tract can lead to partial or complete blockage of the urethra, so that the cat can not urinate. This condition is dangerous, as it can very quickly lead to kidney failure and / or rupture of the bladder, and can be fatal if clogging is not removed.
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