How not to sunbathe in the sun?

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 19.10.2021

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Moderate exposure to ultraviolet rays is not only useful, but also necessary for the body. But in some cases, sunbathing is dangerous and even contraindicated, so you should know how not to sunbathe in the sun and protect yourself from various complications.

  1. Obtain a sunscreen with the maximum protection factor SPF 50-80. Apply it to the exposed skin before each exposure to the sun. Pay special attention to the hands, shoulders, décolleté zone and face (nose, cheekbones, ears, lips), as these zones burn first. Do not forget about sunscreen hair cosmetics, because they too suffer from UV examination.
  2. Try not to go out into the sun during its intensive work, that is, from 11 to 16 hours. If you are on the street, then rest in the shade. After bathing in the reservoirs, carefully wipe the skin, as water droplets can cause a burn.
  3. Pick up for summer a spacious, light clothing (dark color attracts the sun), which will close the main body. Do not forget about the hat and sunglasses.
  4. To prevent the appearance of pigmented spots, apply a vitamin C cream on the body before going to sleep. Minimize or stop for the summer period the intake of oral hormonal contraceptives, tetracyclines, antihistamines and diuretics. All these drugs significantly increase the sensitivity of the body to the sun. You can prepare a home remedy for sunburn. Mix in equal proportions lemon juice and water. Handle this mixture of the hand, brush, decollete area, neck.
  5. There are certain products that prevent sunbathing. In the diet should be food rich in lycopene. It is recommended to eat tomatoes and their soy, melons, various berries and drink chilled green tea.

Than to smear, to sunbathe in the sun?

Going for a summer vacation, you should know what to put on to get sunburned and not get sunburn. First of all, you need to acquire a sunscreen with the appropriate SPF protection index for your phototype. The figures on the package indicate the maximum allowable time for safe rest. That is, the larger the number, the longer it is possible to enjoy the sun's rays, since protection against harmful UV will act.

Any sunscreen should be applied before going to the beach, preferably for 20-30 minutes. In addition, it must be regularly updated, especially after water procedures. For the right choice of sunscreen cosmetics, it is desirable to focus on such factors:

Skin Type

Temperate climate

Hot climate

Very hot climate

1st week

Other days

1st week

Other days

1st week

Other days


SPF 30

SPF 40-50


SPF 30

SPF 10-15

SPF 30

SPF 15

SPF 30


SPF 10

SPF 15


SPF 30



SPF 5-10


SPF 15

SPF 5-10

SPF 30

SPF 5-10


Means for sunburn are available in various forms and consistencies. Owners of dry and normal skin are better to choose a cream, and with oily and combination skin - liquid forms of cosmetics, for example, gels or emulsions.

Consider the most popular tanning prolongators, which not only accelerate the appearance of a beautiful skin color, but also preserve the resulting shade:

  • Oil for / after tanning - has a light structure, so it evenly falls on the skin and is quickly absorbed. Many oils have sunscreen factors that minimize the risk of burns. The oil moisturizes and helps to get a beautiful shade.
  • The tanning enhancer is best used after a beach and a cooling shower. Moisturizes, soothes and cools, promotes tanning.
  • Self-tanning spray is best used after returning from vacation. Allows you to save and enhance the resulting shade. Such a tool is fairly simple to use, and its effect is manifested in 3-5 minutes.

In addition to the above drugs, you should not exclude from the list and moisturizing milk or cream. Such cosmetics calms the inflamed body and acts as a prevention of photoaging.

What if the sun tanned the face in the sun?

Some people are skeptical about sunbathing, arguing that solar procedures accelerate the aging process of the skin. In this case, the question of what to do if sunburned face in the sun is very relevant. If the tan is light, then you should not worry, but if there are signs of severe burn and severe pain, it is advisable to seek medical help.

In order to avoid sunburn of the skin, and especially the face, it is recommended to adhere to such rules:

  1. To protect the face and eyes, wear sunglasses and a hat, for example, a cap or a wide-brimmed hat.
  2. The facial skin is very sensitive in contrast to other parts of the body, therefore it has a high tendency to burn and develop premature wrinkles. To protect it, use special cosmetics with a high SPF factor.
  3. If you own a light skin, then staying under the scorching sunshine is best minimized. The darker the skin tone, the safer and longer you can sunbathe. In any case, relax on the beach is better in the morning or evening.
  4. Also do not forget that the quality of sunburn affects the diet. To reduce the risk of burns, you need to include in the menu such products: raspberries, strawberries, pomegranates, nuts and dried fruits, grapes, citrus, beans, beets, eggplant, green tea.

In addition to the above recommendations, drink more liquid, wash and take only a cool shower, because too hot or cold water irritates the skin. Pay attention to face soap and other care products. It is desirable that the summer cosmetics did not contain flavorings and had a natural composition. Use moisturizing lotions that will prevent skin peeling.

The face is sunburned in the sun - what can be bleached?

There are many methods that can get rid of unwanted sunburn. Most often, it is the girls who face the problem when the face is sunburnt in the sun. Than it is possible to whiten a skin depends on its or her type and, certainly, from color of sunburn.

  1. Whitening cosmetics.

To date, the cosmetics industry offers a wide range of bleaching creams, lotions and gels. Such preparations include phenols, essential oils, acids, sulphides and even UV filters. Most often to restore the light tone apply such bleaching products: cream Floresan, Christina Fluoroxygen + C, Loretta, Mirra (struggling with pigmentation), Eveline.

  1. Cosmetology.

There are cosmetic procedures for clarification: laser bleaching, photocorrection, surface chemical peeling and others. They are all aimed at exfoliating cells with a high content of melanin and aligning the color of the body. To get the desired result, 2-3 sessions are enough. But in the period of lightening, you need to observe special skin care and avoid sunlight.

  1. Alternative methods.

In addition to cosmetics and salon procedures, there are alternative methods for whitening the face. Before using them, you need to make sure that the body responds normally to such a remedy. To do this, it is enough to test it on a small area of the skin and make sure that there are no allergic reactions.

  • Lactic acid in kefir and sour cream promotes soft clarification of the skin. Apply these products to your face as a mask for 15-20 minutes. Procedures should be performed daily for 10-15 days.
  • Take a bunch of green parsley and crush it thoroughly until a mushy condition. Apply the mask daily to the cleansed face for 30 minutes. The duration of the procedures depends on the desired results.
  • Cut a couple of potatoes from the peel and chop to a state of gruel. Add a couple of drops of fresh lemon to the potatoes and mix. Apply the resulting mixture for 30 minutes to face. Rinse with warm water, gently massage the skin.
  • Daily, before going to bed, apply fresh aloe vera juice on your face. The mask must be washed off in the morning.
  • Dilute the cosmetic white clay with water to a mushy state. Apply mask on face for 15-20 minutes, rinse with warm water.
  • Add a little soda to your washing aid and massage your face thoroughly to exfoliate the keratinized cells during sunbathing.

Try to lighten the face, do not forget to use sunscreen makeup, applying it before each exit to the street. Also avoid prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.

How to remove redness if the face is sunburnt in the sun?

Long rest on the beach or stay on the street in the peak of the activity of solar radiation very often leads to the appearance of hyperemic areas on the face and body. Consider how to remove redness if the face is sunburned in the sun.

  • A mask made of wheat flour helps restore normal skin color. Dilute the spoonful of flour with water to the consistency of thick sour cream. Apply gently on face for 15-20 minutes and rinse. Carry out the procedure twice a week.
  • Soothing and bleaching properties have an almond-based scrub. Soak in the water at night 5-6 nuts. In the morning, crush them thoroughly and dilute with milk until a paste-like consistency is obtained. Apply the mask at night, and in the morning, rinse with cool water.
  • Fresh cucumber grate on a grater and add one egg to it. Stir everything to a homogeneous consistency and apply to face. Instead of a mask, you can use cucumber slices, but in this case the result will be uneven.
  • Effective whitening properties in relation to tanned skin possesses citrus juice. Mix in equal proportions juice (orange, lemon, lime or grapefruit) and honey. Apply the mixture on your face for 10-15 minutes, rinse with warm water. After such a mask, it is not superfluous to have a moisturizing cream.
  • Vitaminizing, whitening and soothing properties have a mask made from the juice of viburnum and egg white. One egg white whisk in a strong foam and add to it a tablespoon of vine juice. Apply the mixture on a clean face for 20-30 minutes, then rinse with warm water. After this procedure, the skin becomes soft, plain and clean.
  • Take a tablespoon of 5% hydrogen peroxide and mix with the same amount of potato starch. Stir everything until smooth. Apply on clean skin for 10-20 minutes, rinse with warm water.
  • To smooth the skin tone, a lemon-based mask is an excellent choice. Mix two tablespoons of lemon pulp with rice or wheat flour. Stir well and apply for 15-20 minutes on a clean face.
  • If the redness from the face needs to be removed quickly, then tea compresses will help. Brew strong black or green tea, cool it and pour it into ice molds. Frozen cubes wipe your face.
  • Spoon the oat flakes with boiled water, let them swell. Chilled gruel is applied to the face for 10-15 minutes, rinse with warm water.

In order to avoid unwanted redness of the face, use sunscreen cosmetics and do not go out into the sun, that is, at lunch time.

How not to sunbathe in the sun at all?

If you are an opponent of sunburn or it is contraindicated for certain circumstances, you should know how not to sunbathe at all. Consider the basic rules for the preservation of white skin in the summer:

  1. Sunscreen. Get a quality sunscreen with SPF 50-80. Before going out to the street, treat all visible parts of the body, especially the face. Restore the protection every 2-3 hours for a long stay in the fresh air.
  2. Summer clothes. Prefer light garments of light colors from natural fabrics. Do not forget about the hat and sunglasses. You can also purchase an umbrella that protects against unwanted radiation.
  3. Proper care of the body. A couple of times a week, peeling, exfoliating dead skin particles and sunburn. You can use masks from lemon juice or parsley.
  4. Ration. Protect yourself from solar activity from within. To do this, add to your diet products with lycopene (a pigment that protects from sunlight). Use tomatoes, melons, berries.

Sunbathing in the sun fills with energy, improves metabolic processes, stimulates blood circulation and improves the work of the whole organism. Sunbathing increases the protective properties of the immune system, gives a good mood and pleasant memories for the whole year.

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