What kind of fish can be used for pancreatitis: varieties, cooking recipes

Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 25.06.2018

The source of digestible and high-quality animal protein is fish. With pancreatitis, this product is authorized. Consider the rules and features of its application.

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. Inflammatory-degenerative process can occur in acute or chronic form, with periods of remission and exacerbation. Often from the disease sufferers are fans of fatty foods and alcohol, people prone to regular overeating.

Symptoms of the disease and methods of its treatment, depend on the severity of the pathological process. In most cases, inflammation is manifested by severe pain in the upper abdomen, which occur after eating fatty foods. Painful sensations are shrouded in nature and can be given to the left half of the trunk. There may be attacks of severe vomiting, after which there is no relief. There is also general weakness, stools, flatulence and dizziness.

The basis of treatment is dietary nutrition in combination with drug therapy. Patients are assigned a diet number 5. The diet should consist of low-fat food, which does not load the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Low-fat fish are allowed in pancreatitis. The product contains micro and macro elements necessary for the body, fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E. Marine and river products enrich the diet with protein and allow diversifying the strict curative menu.

Is it possible to fish with pancreatitis?

Many patients who have experienced inflammation of the pancreas are wondering if fish can be taken with pancreatitis. The answer is unequivocal - the product should be present in the diet. It is necessary for the enrichment of the diet with protein and other useful substances.

But not every fish is allowed to eat. When choosing it, you need to pay attention to fat content. Useful fat, which is part of it, has a negative effect on pancreatic cells, causing an increased strain on the organ. To break down fat, lipase (an enzyme synthesized in the pancreas) is necessary, but during an illness it is produced in insufficient quantities due to enzymatic deficiency.

In the diet can include only some varieties of both marine and river fish, the fat content of which is within 8%. The use of a greasy product causes such symptoms: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, a loose stool with an oily sheen due to fat not fully absorbed. As a result of this nutrition, a new attack of pancreatitis appears.

But fat is also in lean varieties of the product. Because of this, fish with pancreatitis is contraindicated in patients with such problems:

  • Individual intolerance to fish oil.
  • Low coagulation rate.
  • Chronic form of renal failure.
  • Hemophilia.
  • Imbalance of the thyroid gland.
  • Acute form of cholecystitis.

In addition to the above contraindications, with extreme caution the product should be consumed at high pressure, patients with recent operations, in the elderly and childhood, during pregnancy and lactation.

Fish with acute pancreatitis

The expressed painful sensations in a complex with symptoms of an intoxication and deterioration of the general state of health, as a rule, specify an acute course of an inflammation of a pancreas. In this period, a strict diet is shown, which consists of lightweight and low-fat foods.

Fish with acute pancreatitis is allowed one week after the onset of a pronounced pathological process. In the menu you can enter baked, boiled or stewed dishes from lean varieties of the product. At the same time in the early days, it is better to eat only the fillets, carefully cleaning it from the skin and bones.

What kind of fish can be used for pancreatitis?

Inflammatory-degenerative processes in the pancreas cause a number of painful symptoms, for the elimination of which is shown not only medical therapy, but also treatment-restoring nutrition. One of the useful and dietary products is the fish. Let us consider in more detail what kind of fish can be used for pancreatitis and the peculiarities of its use:

  • Any variety is allowed, if their fat content does not exceed 8%.
  • The product is a source of high-quality, easily digestible animal protein and essential acids.
  • Particularly useful marine varieties, as they are rich in macro and trace elements, especially iron, phosphorus and iodine.
  • Sea fish contains fat-soluble vitamins of group A, D, E.

The leading indicator in the choice of product should be the fat content. Excess fats cause dyspeptic disorders, which lead to exacerbation of the disease. It is strictly prohibited to eat smoked, salted, fried and dried fish. Contraindications apply to fish preserves

Varieties of fish with pancreatitis

Fish is one of those products that are valued for the unique balance of vitamins and microelements necessary for the normal functioning of the body and metabolism. It contains from 15 to 26% protein and from 0.2 to 34% fat. The product has several types, consider them:

  1. Lean (lean) - fat content up to 4%, calorie content from 70 to 100 kcal per 100 g.
  • Sea fish: flounder, cod, silver hake, seabass, pollock, pollock, vobla, navaga.
  • River: pike, river perch, tench, pike perch, ruff, bream.

The smallest fat content (not more than 1%) in river perch, cod, lemonema, navaga, pollock. Such a variety is quickly prepared, easily digested and absorbed by the body.

  1. Moderate-fatty grades - from 4 to 8% fat, caloric content from 90 to 140 kcal per 100 g.
  • Sea: mackerel, catfish, tuna, pink salmon, herring, Baltic herring, sea bass, chum, sea bream, anchovies, oily, spring capelin, smelt.
  • River: trout, carp, catfish, crucian carp, carp, salmon, red-eyed, river bream, carp.

Such varieties are an ideal source of high quality protein. With pancreatitis, they can be taken 1-2 times a week, steamed, stewed or baked.

  1. Fatty grades - more than 8% fat, caloric content from 200 to 250 kcal per 100 g.

Such varieties include: halibut, saury, mackerel, eel, omul, fat herring, Caspian sprat, stellate sturgeon, chinook salmon, beluga, nelma, Ivasi, Chekhon, burbot, whitefish, carp, notothenia, sturgeon species.

Choosing varieties of fish in pancreatitis, it is worth giving preference to low-fat. Especially useful are marine species that contain a lot of iodine and omega-3 fatty acids. Such a product favorably affects the functioning of the thyroid gland, lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood, improves metabolic processes in the body, regulates blood pressure and stimulates the work of the brain.

Red fish with pancreatitis

Delicatessen red fish with pancreatitis is permitted to use only with persistent remission of the disease. This sort of product is distinguished by its taste qualities, high content of useful substances and high fat content.

Of all kinds of red fish, with pancreatitis, only trout and pink salmon are allowed. The fat content in these grades is within the normal range. Delicacy is contraindicated in salting, drying or smoking. For cooking, it is better to use baking, boiling or quenching. In this case, the portion size should not exceed 200 g.

Abuse of red fish can cause a worsening of the disease state, as the load on the pancreas, which is responsible for the breakdown of fats, sharply increases. When using such fish, you should limit other types of fat, for example, butter, sour cream or cream.

Low-fat fish with pancreatitis

When inflammation of the pancreas in the diet should be present nonfat fish. With pancreatitis, it allows you to diversify the dietary diet and enrich the body with useful substances. The product contains phosphorus, iodine, calcium, B vitamins and other components.

The main advantage of low-fat varieties is that they are 15% protein, which is digested much more easily than animal protein and saturates the body with amino acids.

Low-fat fish with pancreatitis is divided into:

  1. Skinny (dietary) - can be included in the diet by the end of the first week after the end of acute painful symptoms.
  1. Moderately fatty - it is used after the normalization of the state and achievement of stable laboratory indicators.

Low-fat varieties include:

  • Up to 1% of fat - cod, pollock, pollock, navaga, sea bass.
  • Up to 2% of fat - pike, pike perch, flounder, crucian, mullet, roach, lamprey, silver hake.
  • Up to 4% fat - trout, halibut, herring, mackerel, carp, bream.

In dietary nutrition can include shellfish and products from the family of cancer. When cooking it is necessary to give preference to baking, stewing and cooking foods with a minimum of spices, salt and butter.

Recipes cooking fish with pancreatitis

The main criteria for choosing products for inflammation of the pancreas is their quality, dietary composition and freshness. The ideal variant of fish with pancreatitis is fresh, not frozen, without plaque or mucus with a low percentage of fat. There are many recipes for its preparation with maximum preservation of useful properties.

If the disease is acute, then the dishes are prepared from the loin, which must be thoroughly crushed. In the phase of remission, you can use the product as a whole, after cleaning and rinsing. Dishes can be boiled, baked, stewed, or steamed. Fried fish are contraindicated.

Consider the most delicious fish recipes for pancreatitis, which you can easily prepare yourself:

  1. Meatballs for a couple.
  • Any lean fish is 150 g.
  • Round rice 15-20g.
  • Water 100 ml.
  • Butter 5 g.

Rinse the rice under running water, pour 100 ml of liquid and cook the viscous rice porridge. Finely chop the fillet with a mincer or blender, after removing the skin and bones. Mix the rice and the resulting minced meat, add the melted butter. Stir all the ingredients, form the meatballs and cook for a couple in a double boiler, multivark or in a water bath.

  1. Fish boiled with sauce.
  • Any lean fish is 200 g.
  • Green parsley 10 g.

For sauce:

  • Fish broth 100-150 ml.
  • Flour 10 g
  • Egg 1 pc.

Peel and discard the fish, rinse thoroughly and boil in lightly salted water with chopped parsley. Dry the flour on a dry griddle and add the broth to it. Boil for 5-7 minutes. Chop pre-cooked egg and add to broth in a frying pan. Prepare the sauce until it is lightly thickened. When you serve, pour fish on it.

  1. Baked cod.
  • Cod 250 g
  • Milk ½ cup
  • Carrots 10 g
  • Flour 10 g.
  • Vegetable oil 10 g.

Dry the flour in a dry frying pan, pour in pre-heated milk and vegetable oil. Rinse the fish, cut into small pieces. Peel and grind the carrots. Fish and carrots a little salt and put in a saucepan, adding a little water. Products should boil for 10-15 minutes. Prepare a baking tray or other baking container, grease with vegetable oil. Lay out the products and pour the sauce over. Bake in the oven until cooked.

Dishes from fish with pancreatitis

Both sea and river fish are highly nutritious and easy digestible, contain a complex of useful microelements and vitamins. And this is one of the criteria of dietary nutrition.

Dishes from fish with pancreatitis, are the source of such useful substances:

  • Polyunsaturated fatty omega acids (involved in the regulation of metabolic processes, reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood).
  • Irreplaceable amino acids.
  • Easily digestible protein compounds.
  • Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E.
  • Macro and trace elements: iodine, phosphorus, selenium, iron and others.

For the dietary diet, preference should be given to non-fatty varieties, both marine and river products. All fish has different taste value. For example, pike perch and cod can be used in cooking any dishes. A little hard pike meat with a specific smell needs special treatment. Particular attention should be paid to bony varieties, for example, carrage and bream.

Consider several recipes, delicious dishes from fish, allowed for inflammation of the pancreas:

  1. Baked cod with herbs.
  • Cod fillet 300 g.
  • Onions 1 pc.
  • Parsley 10 g.
  • Lemon juice 5 g.
  • Spices to taste: salt, black and white ground pepper.

Rinse the cod fillets and cut into 4 slices. Cut the onions into rings. Take 4 pieces of foil for baking, lay on each of them onions, and on top of the fish. Add salt and pepper each time, add parsley and lemon juice. Wrap the foil around the edges to make small envelopes. Place the bundles with the cod on the baking tray and send to a preheated oven. Bake the fish until cooked, while opening the foil.

  1. Pike perch in tomato.
  • Fillet of pike perch 500-800 g.
  • Carrot 3 pcs.
  • Tomatoes in own juice 200 g.
  • Olive oil 50 g.
  • Spices to taste.

Peel the carrot and grate it on a large grater, cut the onions into half rings. Put the vegetables in a frying pan and put the roast on low heat. Grind the tomatoes. Cut the fillets into small pieces, place on a vegetable pad, add the spices and pour in tomato sauce. Stew until done. As a garnish for this dish boiled rice is excellent.

  1. Fish cutlets.
  • Low-fat fish 500 g.
  • Stale white bread 1-2 slices.
  • Milk 50 ml.
  • Egg 1 pc.
  • Spices to taste.

Rinse thoroughly and clean the fish. If you chose a river variety, soak it in milk for 30-40 minutes. This will eliminate the smell of mud or silt. Soak the bread in milk and chop the fish with a mincer. Add egg and spices to the stuffing. Thoroughly mix everything, form the cutlets. The dish can be steamed or baked in the oven.

Baked fish with pancreatitis

The most gentle method of preparing any products is baking them. Baked fish with pancreatitis retains all its useful properties and acquires a unique taste. This method of cooking is the most optimal during a diet.

Consider the tasty and useful recipes of baked fish, allowed for diseases of the digestive tract:

  1. Fish with mushrooms.
  • Lean fish 700-800 g.
  • Champignons 5-6 pcs.
  • Low fat sour cream 200 ml.
  • Olive oil 50-70 g.
  • Green parsley.
  • Spices to taste.

Slice the fish into pieces and put it in a frying pan, salt. Separately fry the mushrooms, pepper and put in a frying pan with fish. Mix sour cream with chopped parsley and pour it on the fish. Put the pan with the dish in the oven and cook until a ruddy brown.

  1. Fish with zucchini.
  • Low-fat fish 500 g.
  • Zucchini 2 pcs.
  • Butter 20 g
  • Hard cheese 50 g.
  • Sour cream 300 g.
  • Spices to taste.

Rinse and cut into small portions of fish, pepper, salt. Squash slice thin slices. Rub hard cheese on a grater and mix with sour cream. Baking tray or any other utensils, grease with butter. Lay out a layer of zucchini, salt, pepper. Top the fish and cover with another layer of zucchini. Pour all the sauce from sour cream and cheese. Leave on average fire for 30-40 minutes.

  1. Baked mackerel with tomatoes.
  • Mackerel fillets 500 g.
  • Tomatoes 6 pcs.
  • Vegetable oil 50 g.
  • Green parsley.
  • Spices to taste.

In the oiled dishes or on a baking sheet lay out pieces of tomatoes and sprinkle them with finely chopped parsley. On the vegetables put the fish and again a layer of tomatoes. Salt, sprinkle with oil and sprinkle with herbs. The dish is baked until ready, usually 20-30 minutes at medium temperature.

Salted fish with pancreatitis

The products that activate the pancreas work include salted fish. In pancreatitis, it is contraindicated, since it causes the inflamed organ to produce enzymes in an enhanced mode. That is, during the disease should be completely excluded from the diet of salted fish, regardless of the content of fat in it.

Contraindication is due to the fact that the salt has an inflammatory effect on the pancreas. It can be present in small amounts only when the disease is remission. For salting, this spice is used in large quantities, which is detrimental to the affected organ. If you continue to use it for pancreatitis, it can lead to severe swelling with necrosis and suppuration of the pancreas and its departments.

Souffle from fish with pancreatitis

An excellent option to diversify the dietary diet is to cook soufflé from fish. With pancreatitis, this dish is allowed. Consider the popular fish souffle recipes:

  1. Souffle from the pike perch.
  • Fresh pike perch 350 g.
  • Egg white 2 pcs.
  • Low-fat sour cream 150 ml.
  • Spices to taste.

Rinse and wash the fish. Cut the fillets and remove all the bones from it, grind it with a blender or meat grinder. Add sour cream to the stuffing and beat well with a mixer or blender. Separately, beat the egg whites into a hard foam, salt a little. Gently combine the protein with the fish mixture, stir until a smooth creamy mass is obtained.

Take a food film, lay out on it a soufflé and twist it in the form of a sausage, tying the edges. Wrap the film in foil and put on a baking tray in the oven, placing a container under it with water to create steam. After 20-30 minutes, take out the dish and allow it to cool slightly. Unfold the foil and film, cut the soufflé into portions. The dish can be eaten both in a cold and warm form.

  1. Soufflé with red fish and broccoli.
  • Salmon or trout 250-300 g.
  • Broccoli 150 g
  • Egg 2 pcs.
  • Sour cream or low-fat cream 100 ml.
  • Parsley or dill.
  • Spices to taste.

Boil a couple of minutes in slightly salted water broccoli. Chop fish and vegetables. Whisk the eggs with cream, add selected spices and herbs. Gently mix all the ingredients. Pour the mixture into a greased form and bake for 30 minutes at 180 degrees.

Boiled fish with pancreatitis

The easiest way to cook fish is to cook it. Boiled fish with pancreatitis is allowed from the first days of the disease. It turns out not only useful, but also delicious, if you cook it for a couple or in a small amount of water. Another way to improve the taste is to add spices or spicy herbs to the broth.

Delicious recipes of boiled fish:

  1. Fish in cucumber brine.
  • Any non-fat fish 600 g.
  • Lightly salted cucumber brine 250 ml.
  • Carrot 1 pc.
  • Onions 1 pc.
  • Bay leaf 3-4 pcs.
  • Spices to taste.

In boiling water (1 liter is enough), put onions and carrots, bay leaf and other spices, cut into half rings. Cook over low heat for 20 minutes and add cucumber brine. Bring to a boil and put the fish skin up. Cook for 15-20 minutes until cooked. Ready meals can be eaten with boiled rice or potatoes.

  1. Boiled fish with green onions.
  • Fish 500-700 g.
  • Green onion 20-30 g.
  • Root of ginger 5 g.
  • Soy sauce 10 g.
  • Vegetable oil 10 g.

Slice some of the onions in small strips, and ginger into thin slices. Lay the fish on the grill for the steamer, and on top of it greens. The rest of the onion and ginger chop, fry a little in vegetable oil and add the soy sauce. Finished boiled product pour sauce.

Braised fish with pancreatitis

In addition to baking or cooking, there is another gentle way of cooking - quenching. Dishes cooked this way, are obtained not only dietary, but also with stored useful substances. Braised fish is considered especially tasty. With pancreatitis it can be used after the transition of the disease to the stage of remission.

Dietary recipes for extinguishing:

  1. Aromatic pike.
  • Pike fillets 1 kg.
  • Onions 1pc.
  • Egg 1 pc.
  • Vegetable broth 150 ml.
  • Vegetable oil 50 ml.
  • Lemon juice 50 ml.
  • Spices to taste.

Beat the egg and cover it with chopped fish. Finely chop the carrots and onions, send them to a frying pan with vegetable oil. After 3-5 minutes on top of the vegetables lay the fish, pour the vegetable broth and add the lemon juice. Stamp for 15-20 minutes. Ready pike lay on the dish, the resulting sauce strain, and pour it fillets.

  1. Stewed in milk, fish.
  • Low-fat fish 500 g.
  • Onions 1 pc.
  • Carrot 1 pc.
  • Lean milk is 400-500 ml.
  • Spices to taste.

Cut the onions into half rings, and the carrots into small slices. Put the vegetables in a deep bowl, put the fish on top, add the spices and pour the milk. Stew until done.

Dried fish with pancreatitis

One of the most popular delicacies in the world, is considered to be dried fish. When pancreatitis is on the list of prohibited foods. This is due to the fact that for drying, the product is thoroughly soaked in saline solution, which disinfects the parasites. Due to this, the finished delicacy turns out to be excessively tough and salty, which is contraindicated in diseases of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Dried fish can provoke an exacerbation of inflammation of the pancreas. It is prohibited for patients with hypotension, since a high salt content can lead to outflow of blood from the blood, which will significantly aggravate the situation with blood pressure.

Fish with pancreatitis, on the advice of doctors, should enter the diet at least 3 times a week. But when choosing it should be preferred only to low-fat or moderately fatty varieties. Of great importance is the method of its preparation. With degenerative-inflammatory processes in the pancreas, you can eat boiled, baked or stewed dishes. Adhering to all medical recommendations for therapeutic nutrition, you can transfer the disease to the stage of persistent remission

It is important to know!

Pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas, which produces important digestive enzymes, is considered a disease of people with improper diet and diet, as well as those who abuse alcohol. Read more..

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