Nutrition and diet for stomatitis

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 01.06.2018

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The nutrition of the patient plays an important role in alleviating painful, uncomfortable symptoms in stomatitis. The inflamed oral cavity reacts sharply to food intake, and the aggravation of the process often makes it impossible in principle. Therefore, nutrition with stomatitis should be as gentle as possible, such that it will not be an additional irritant. Regardless of the type of inflammatory process, the diet should be divided. The menu is made taking into account the age and condition of the sick person, that is individually.

However, there are also unified rules that provide nutrition for diseases of the oral cavity:

  1. Any product should be crushed as much as possible. Meat, fish is used only in the form of minced meat, vegetables and fruits - in the form of mashed potatoes.
  2. All products must be thoroughly washed and thermally treated. Unacceptable intake of raw vegetables, fruits or berries.
  3. Strictly forbidden are sharp, sweet, sour and spicy dishes.
  4. The menu should consist of dishes saturated with vitamins and trace elements, this is necessary to maintain the tone of the body and to activate the immune defense.
  5. Dishes should be comfortable temperature, that is not too cold or hot.
  6. After each meal, you must carefully treat the mouth with rinses.
  7. In cases of exacerbation of inflammation, the development of extensive erosion, liquid food should be taken with the help of a tube.
  8. In the menu you can include freshly squeezed juices (not acidic), for example, carrots or cabbages. This promotes the rapid epithelization of the mucosa.
  9. To maintain normal microflora in the intestines and in the oral cavity, the menu includes dairy products. Especially useful yogurt, yogurt without dyes and fruit additives.
  10. A good effect on digestion and the state of the oral cavity has daily consumption of blackberries or raspberries (due to the maintenance of salicylates in them).
  11. Useful compotes of dried fruits, which contain many vitamins and trace elements.
  12. Despite the fact that nutrition with stomatitis does not provide for the use of spices and seasonings, in the adult menu you can include grated horseradish or garlic. Of course, these foods need to be eaten in minimal doses as an additional tool that helps to neutralize inflammation.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3]

Diet with stomatitis

Stomatitis provokes a strong irritation of the oral mucosa, its ulceration, so any food can cause severe pain. It is only natural that a patient needs a diet, with stomatitis, she plays far from the last role in the general therapeutic complex. If we summarize the multiple recommendations on nutrition, we can distinguish the following rules:

  • The maximum restriction of sweet foods helps to reduce the severity of symptoms and accelerate recovery.
  • It should avoid sharp, spicy, acidic dishes that can irritate the damaged mucous membrane.
  • It is necessary to exclude from the menu cocoa products, coffee, chocolate.
  • All meals should be gentle temperature, hot or too cold foods can exacerbate the pain.
  • Food should be a liquid consistency, preferably in the form of mashed potatoes, liquid cereals, soups.
  • The menu should include dishes containing a complex of vitamins to activate and strengthen immunity.
  • You can not eat dry bread, bread coarse grind.
  • It is necessary to exclude all kinds of alcoholic beverages.
  • It is not recommended to eat citrus fruits, tomatoes, sour fruits and berries.

The diet with stomatitis is different in its specifics, unfortunately, to date there is no single recommended menu, similar to the famous numbered "tables" for Pevzner. However, experience and practice shows that there is a list of safe, sparing foods that can be included in the patient's menu with stomatitis.

trusted-source[4], [5]

What does the stomatitis diet include?

  • All dairy and sour-milk products.
  • Curd, yogurt without additives and preservatives.
  • Melon, watermelon, bananas, fruit, not having a sour taste.
  • Vegetable juices - carrot, cabbage.
  • Boiled fried meat, steam cutlets, casseroles.
  • Low-fat lightly salted soups, broths.
  • Soft varieties of cheeses.
  • Herbal teas, infusions.
  • Juice from apricots, grapes, pears.
  • Juice from raspberries, blueberries, currants - not concentrated.
  • Liquid viscous porridge - oatmeal, semolina, rice.
  • Puddings, jelly, soufflé.
  • Ice cream without preservatives and additives, best of all natural sebum.

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