Winter clothes for children

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 01.06.2018

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Winter clothes for children must have characteristics that allow the child to move a lot and freely and at the same time not to freeze. This means that it should be free, but warm. What characteristics should have winter clothes for children?

What characteristics should have winter clothes for children?

Children's clothing for the street

Most suitable for children is a sporty style. These are jackets, overalls, warm pants, which are great for a cold season. This clothing can be with heaters, for example, with a light and bulk sintepon or fleece, which keeps the heat well. Winter clothes for children are also multilayer (membrane). Overalls are very convenient for the child, because then you do not need to pick a set of jackets and pants in color. Ljamochki overalls are very convenient because they can be adjusted for the growth of a child. The main thing is that the overalls were not chosen to be bulky and well protected the child from rain, snow, cold and fog.

What is important for the winter clothes of a child?

The design of winter clothing for a child should be suitable for all hygiene requirements. It depends on what it is intended for. For walking, clothes can be warmer, and for sports - such that the child does not evaporate in it. The top winter clothes of the kid should adjoin to other, more thin layers of clothes, it is tight enough. But at the same time it should be such that the wind does not blow into the sleeves and the bottom of the clothes.

If the parents, fearing that the baby will freeze, will buy him heavy and dense winter clothes, she will squeeze the blood vessels that the child is close to the skin. And this will worsen the nutrition of tissues and organs, the blood flow will slow down, the child, instead of warming up, will be more freezing. Parents should know that a tight winter jacket can worsen respiratory processes, especially with active movement of the child, and tight panties or overalls - worsen the processes of the digestive system, whose organs are just in the abdominal cavity.

Therefore, the tailoring of children's winter clothing should be comfortable, appropriate to age and allow the child to move freely.

Protection against cold

In winter, clothes should protect the baby primarily from the cold. Therefore, carefully look at what the jacket or jumpsuit consists of (the composition is written on the label). The highest protective properties of cold - for materials consisting of several layers. Vata, batting, sintepon have a small weight and at the same time a good thickness. They protect the child from the cold due to their porosity and multilayeredness. Sheep fur is the warmest - cigeyka can be 18 mm thick, and a full sheepskin - up to 50 mm. Such winter clothing is the most warming.

The child always walks a lot on a winter walk, especially a small one. Parents should know that with active movement the child produces 3-5 times more heat energy than a quiet state. Therefore, the more the child moves, the finer the jacket should be on it, otherwise the baby will overheat and cool down, catch a cold.

Therefore, given that the child can sweat, and above it is raining or snowing, winter clothing should absorb moisture from the inside well and not let it out from outside, and also dry quickly. Therefore, winter jackets for children are optimally purchased from waterproof fabric.

Layering of winter clothes

It is very good if the child wears several layers of clothing in winter. First, it creates additional heat, and, secondly, allows the formation of air cushions between the layers of clothing, so there is a natural process of ventilation, the skin of the child breathes. But each next layer gives not only extra heat, but also extra weight for the baby's clothes. Therefore, in everything is a good measure.

It is very important to understand that it is not worth wrapping a child like a head of cabbage, because there is an optimal number of layers of clothing. Starting with the third layer of clothing, the heat begins to persist not better, but worse. For example, the second and third layer of children's clothing raises the temperature inside by one and a half degrees, but the third layer and above raises it only by half a degree. When we reach the 5th-6th layer of children's clothing, the heat is practically not increased in them. But all these layers of winter clothes give it extra weight, which the child must wear. This limits his mobility and deprives him of the pleasure of walking.

If you are taking the child to the kindergarten or he is in the room, it is advisable to use several thin layers of clothing.

Winter clothes for preschool children at different temperatures in the room 

Air temperature ° С Which clothes? Number of layers of winter clothes
16-17 ° Cotton linen, half woolen or woolen dress, jacket knitted, tights (and on the legs warm slippers or shoes). 3 - 4
18-20 ° Cotton linen, half-woolen dress or shirt or a dress made of thick cotton fabric, thin tights (and on the feet of the shoes) 2 - 3
21-22 ° Cotton linen, dress made of fine cotton fabric - can be with a short sleeve or shirt, socks or knee-highs (on the feet of shoes or sandals) 2
23 ° and above A thin cotton dress or without it or a shirt; light dress without sleeves, socks (at the feet of sandals) 1

For children to be comfortable in the house in winter, girls can be dressed in dresses, and boys - in shirts made of natural fabrics - cotton, bike, flannel, tartan, wool, wool. In woolen products for children, you can add viscose or cotton to not so "bite". Synthetic fibers for wool fabrics in the product should not be more than 35% (for example, nitron). A lavsan in children's clothes made of wool is allowed not more than 40%. These figures are valid for children under three years old. For children from 4 years you can use a little more synthetics in winter clothes - blouses, panties, jackets - up to 50%.

Children's clothing for winter walks

Weather Activity Outerwear Number of layers
+3 - 3 °, wind up to 2 m / s Average Overalls 3-4
-4-10 °, wind up to 2 m / s Average Overalls or jacket with trousers insulated 4-3
-11 - 15 °, wind up to 2 m / s Average Overalls or a jacket, a fur coat 5-4
-16 - 20 °, wind up to 2 m / s Intensive Fur coat, warm jacket, overalls 5-4

Winter clothing for children should not only be warm and waterproof, but also bright, beautiful. That the kid not only was protected from a cold, but also was pleased to each day.

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