Symptoms of Klebsiella in the baby depend on where the pathogen is located. If we are talking about Klebsiella pneumonia, it causes pneumonia and is localized in the alveoli. If the inflammatory process is localized near the root of the lung, then focal pneumonia develops. When the inflammation covers a separate lobe of the lung, then it is a question of croupous or lobar pneumonia.
Inflammation of the lungs caused by Klebsiella pneumonia is more often observed in newborns with the development of early pneumonia. This causative agent refers to the flora, which is a hospital, which is the factor of infection of the child after childbirth. With regard to pneumonia in infants, the Klebsiella can cause inflammation at any age, then the transmission factor may be sick people.
The first signs of pneumonia appear on the first day of the disease. The leading symptom is intoxication. At the same time, the child begins to eat poorly, is capricious, and the body temperature rises. At the beginning of the disease, body temperature can be subfebrile, but on the second day it usually rises to 39. The smaller the age of the child, the less it is necessary to focus on the temperature indicator, because it may not rise in very young children.
Along with these symptoms, there are signs of shortness of breath. For pneumonia, the first-second degree of dyspnea is characteristic. In infants this is manifested by pallor of the skin and cyanosis around the mouth, which appears when the child is restless. In addition, additional muscles participate in the act of breathing - you can notice the child's swelling of the wings of the nose, retraction of the supraclavicular areas. The child is inactive, often lies and does not want to play. It is important at this stage to drink a child well, because with increased temperature, it loses a lot of fluid. In addition to these symptoms, a cough is characteristic of pneumonia. At first it has a dry character, if pneumonia develops without the previous rhinitis. Further, the cough becomes deeper and moist. Intoxication increases with an increase in body temperature. There is also an increase in the respiratory rate of the baby and an increase in heart rate.
All these symptoms of respiratory failure indicate a high probability of pneumonia, which immediately need to pay attention. The fact that exactly can be said about the Klebsiella, the causative agent of pneumonia, can not be distinguished at the initial stage. More accurate diagnosis can only be after conducting laboratory tests. Klebsiella and Staphylococcus aureus in infants, as causative agents of the inflammatory process in the lungs, are characterized by the development of severe pneumonia. The combination of these two pathogens leads to a rapid development of necrotic changes in the alveoli, which are difficult to later correct. Such pneumonia, as a rule, develop in children with severe concomitant pathologies or immunodeficiencies.
Klebsiella oxytoc in infants causes the development of stomatitis and gingivitis. She under normal conditions can be on the skin in a small concentration, but under certain conditions gets on the mucosa and begins to multiply. Therefore, the peak incidence of Klebsiella oxytoc is the age of children starting from six months. It is at this time that teething begins and the child can become infected through dirty objects and toys. The first symptoms of stomatitis caused by klebsiella are characterized by the presence of inflammatory foci on the mucosa. Elements of rashes have the color of white dots that cover the entire mucosa from the inside of the oral cavity, or there can be single foci on the mucosa of the cheek. Rashes in the mouth cause itching and burning, so the child can not eat anything and refuses to breast. Body temperature may increase. Such stomatitis has the danger of spreading further to the gastrointestinal tract with the development of inflammation. Therefore, it is important to immediately pay attention to the first signs of stomatitis.
If klebsiella gets upwards on the urinary tract and kidneys, then this can lead to the development of inflammation of the urogenital system. And klebsiella, as one of the possible pathogens, occupies one of the highest priority places. It causes acute pyelonephritis in girls of the first year of life in more than 45% of cases.
The first symptoms of pyelonephritis or infection of the urinary tract are often manifested by an increase in body temperature. The child also becomes restless and refuses to eat. At the same time, there are no other symptoms, since the baby can not tell about back pain. The only symptom that mom can notice is a violation of the process of urination. A child may be less or more likely to urinate, and the color of urine may be cloudy. But it's difficult to diagnose if the baby wears a diaper. Therefore it is necessary that the mother pay special attention to this, especially if there are no other reasons for raising the temperature.
Klebsiella, as the causative agent of intestinal infection, is the most frequent manifestation of infection in infants. This is due to the fact that the baby has a small amount in the intestine, and under certain conditions, when the local beneficial flora decreases, symptoms of intestinal infection may appear. This is manifested by the fact that the child becomes restless, screams and already against this background can develop colic. A frequent symptom that can be alarmed in terms of infection with klebsiella may be a violation of the character of the stool. Most often the liquid stool develops, which should alert the mother. The stool can be normal, but an increase in the number of stools greater than five per day can also be considered diarrhea. This is due to the fact that the pathogenic microorganism multiplies and causes the movement of water from the cells of the intestine into space - this leads to the onset of diarrhea. If diarrhea develops against the background of Klebsiella, then the body temperature can rise, as a reaction to any infection. Vomiting is a characteristic symptom of a severe course of intestinal infection in the infant caused by klebsiella. A child can tear with food, which he ate the day before. With a severe degree of infection, there may be dehydration against diarrhea and vomiting. The stages of dehydration, which are characteristic of the defeat of the klebsiella, are limited only to the first, since the klebsiella by its mechanism can not cause serious diarrhea. But the main signs of dehydration can be dryness of the mucous baby, the lack of sweat in the underarms.
Different types of Klebsiella can cause different symptoms, depending on the organ in which the inflammatory process is localized.