What happens in the body when the glucose level rises?

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 23.04.2024

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When the level of glucose in the blood rises, insulin is produced. This substance helps glucose to move from the blood to the muscle tissue. When insulin performs this important role, its level drops sharply to normal.

When a woman grows old

... Insulin can no longer perform its role as well as before. Insulin receptors are weakened, they can no longer bind glucose and carry it throughout the body.

And then the level of insulin does not decrease after fulfilling its role. Moreover, it affects glucose very badly, in other words, it is of little use from him.

The level of glucose in the body remains still high, especially after eating. This situation immediately reacts to the brain, which sends signals to the pancreas, so that it produces more insulin for processing and suppressing the level of glucose.

And then the body cells and blood are filled with insulin, it becomes very much, much more than normal. It delivers glucose to cells, and its blood level is significantly reduced.

Recurrent hypoglycaemia

This reaction physicians call recurrent hypoglycemia. This is a condition in which the level of sugars in the blood is significantly reduced. From this, a person feels bouts of brutal hunger, he can vomit, on the forehead and nose bridge act sweat, dizzy, heartbeat quickens, a feeling that the heart pops up.

This condition can be stopped only for a while, eating sweets and flour. And then everything starts again.

Because of the elevated glucose level a person feels sluggish, broken weak, quickly gets tired, does not sleep well. And again - a vicious circle: insulin becomes more, glucose - less. Then the person again has a cold sweat and all the other symptoms listed above.

If the woman is in the period before the menopause

... It can also be impaired by changes in the menstrual cycle. There is an incorrect ratio of hormones and, as a result, a poor state of health.

If a woman has found all these mood swings and other symptoms in her room, it's time to see an endocrinologist for a consultation. Do not write off your condition only for fatigue and life in constant stress.

By this additional sign, you can determine whether a woman has insulin resistance, that is, insulin resistance. First of all, you need to measure the waist. If your waist is more than 83 cm, then it's time to sound an alarm and conduct tests for insulin resistance and blood glucose levels.

What is insulin resistance?

Excess of insulin in the blood leads to an increase in fat deposits and weight gain. This glucose is stored in the form of fat, instead of giving you energy for life.

With insulin resistance, this substance is no longer able to transport glucose to muscle cells, and then there is a sharp appetite - more than usual. It seems that a person is undernourished, but it is not.

In addition, glucose, not penetrating into cells, but remaining in the blood, does not give the body sufficient vital energy. And then a paradoxical situation arises: there is a lot of glucose in the blood, but you still want to eat brutally. And you eat: it's very difficult to fight with hunger. So, you get better.

In this case, glucose with an excess of fat cells, and the amount of fat in the body increases. But the cells demand "fuel" again and again. They receive it, divide and grow. Here whence at women at insensitivity to an insulin appears superfluous weight. Even though you minimize the calories in your menu.

Effects of insulin resistance

  1. Weakening of immunity
  2. Openness to infections and colds due to weak immunity
  3. The buildup of muscle tissue inside the walls of the arteries, because of what the blood flow slows down, and blood does not go to the internal organs badly, depriving them of useful substances.
  4. Plaques in the arteries, which increases the risk of heart attacks
  5. Platelets (blood cells) begin to stick together, which increases the risk of blood clots.

You have already realized that with an increase in the level of glucose in the blood, a person risks not only gaining excess weight - serious problems with blood vessels and heart may start. It is very likely the occurrence of a heart attack or another heart attack.

This condition is exacerbated by the emergence of the so-called syndrome X.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

Syndrome X

This is a complex disease that is associated with a metabolic disorder. Especially often it affects women. Syndrome X is still a deadly quintet. That is, its deadly components are as follows.

  • Increased Insulin Level
  • Immunity to it
  • High blood pressure
  • Weight gain (especially in the hips and waist area)
  • Elevated cholesterol
  • Elevated rates of triglycerides
  • At the level of behavior - increased anxiety, restless sleep

Syndrome X in other words is also called W syndrome, but its effect is much narrower - this disease is defined by doctors as a disease of women. Symptoms of it are the same as in the syndrome of H.

How to prevent insulin immunity?

If a woman has enough estradiol (a female hormone) in the body, then insulin resistance will come less likely. This is because estradiol has the ability to improve the response of cells to the intake of insulin in them.

But the trouble is: when insulin resistance develops, it affects the work of the ovaries, which, it turns out, have insulin receptors inside.

Insulin, moving inside the ovaries, changes the hormones that the ovaries produce. For example, androgen begins to be produced more than estradiol, a female hormone. A beta-estrola, which has the ability to participate in controlling weight, is getting smaller.

When androgen in the female body is too much, the glucose level becomes very difficult to control. Insulin is produced even more, like fatty deposits.

Such a problem can occur at any age, even in women under 30.

A woman in menopause and insulin

Such an imbalance of hormones, as we described above, can occur in women after the onset of menopause. They have a lot of androgens in the body, estradiol is catastrophically small, and testosterone no longer performs its beneficial functions.

Due to the fact that androgen suppressing the action of female hormones, it becomes too much, fat deposits accumulate and the woman recovers.

And this weight is already difficult to control. Fatty deposits mainly arise in the waist and abdomen, and the figure of a woman becomes more like a man's.

If a woman is still on diets, the pancreas starts to produce even more insulin. It contributes to the fact that fats continue to be deposited, and even on the walls of the organs. This so-called visceral fat, which is not very noticeable at first in shape forms, but significantly increases weight and leads to poor health.

At the same time, the insulin resistance of the body is becoming more and more evident.

trusted-source[6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

To prevent this situation, you need to do the following

  • Eat regularly and in regular portions
  • Do not eat much in the evenings - it leads to an increase in insulin levels in the blood and fatty deposits resulting from
  • Do not eat foods with a lot of carbohydrates (sweet, flour) - this increases the level of insulin
  • Do sport

And, of course, be sure to be examined by a doctor - this will give you the opportunity to see the full picture of your health

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