First of all, a patient with this diagnosis needs to normalize his diet by introducing a sufficient number of foods rich in this vitamin. And as treatment of vitamin deficiency with includes ascorbic acid preparations.
For this purpose, the attending physician may assign ascorbic acid in the form of dragees or tablets. The drug is prescribed to the patient in a daily amount of 50 to 100 mg. A decoction of rose hips or tea with lemon will do the same.
Replenishing vitamin C deficiency, the cervicap preparation is administered to the patient orally along with the meal. The drug is released in the form of drops. In one drop of the drug is about 5 mg of ascorbic acid. For newborns and small patients, the drug is recommended before use, dilute with a small amount of water, juice, tea or enter into food. It is recommended that the recommended daily amount of the drug be divided into two to three doses.
If the drug is prescribed for the prevention of vitamin C deficiency, then to the newborns and toddlers up to one year the recommended dose is 25-40 mg of the drug, which corresponds to five to eight drops per day. Babies, whose age falls within the limits of two to eleven years, appoint 50 mg, which corresponds to ten drops per day. Adolescents, whose age falls within the limits of 12 to 17 years, appoint 75-100 mg, which corresponds to 15 to 20 drops per day.
But if the drug is used for medicinal purposes, the previously recommended figures increase two to five times, depending on the degree of shortage in the patient's body of vitamin C.
Do not prescribe this drug in case of hypersensitivity of the patient to ascorbic acid and / or other components of the drug.
All sorts of multivitamins are also used - a complex drug, which includes vitamin C for sure. To date, the modern pharmacological market is ready to provide a fairly long list of medicines for this therapeutic group. For example, such include ginvit, vitrum, gervital, biovital, vidayline-M, aerovit, beroka, hexavite, quadevite, genequit, supralin, undevit and many other vitamin complexes.
Vitrum is recommended for adults and teenagers who have already turned 12 one tablet after a main meal once a day.
Contraindication to the prescription of this medicine is an increased intolerance of the patient's body to the component components of the drug, as well as in the case of a tendency to allergic reactions or if there is hypervitaminosis A in the patient's history
Depending on the severity of the pathology, doctors divide this disease into three stages:
- Stage I - insignificant deficiency of ascorbic acid. Therapy is performed on an outpatient basis. Ascorbic acid is prescribed either in the form of tablets, with a dosage as specified above, or, if the situation worsens, in the form of a 5% solution, is injected into the patient's intramuscular injection in a dosage of 1 or 2 ml. Together with this drug, a drug is also prescribed, of which vitamin P is a basic ingredient. For example, it may be quercetin, antistax, corvitin, venza, endothelon, calcium dobezilate, rutin and others.
Quercetin is assigned to such a patient in a daily dosage of 0.1 to 0.15 g. Contraindicated drug under consideration with hypersensitivity to quercetin and drugs with P-vitamin activity.
- II stage - the average degree of vitamin deficiency in the patient's body. Treatment of vitamin C deficiency is carried out in a hospital. The patient is attributed a corrective diet, which must be present from 120 to 150 grams of protein per day. Preparations with the active substance in the form of ascorbic acid are prescribed at a rate of 0.5 g or more per day.
- III stage - a severe stage of the disease (scurvy grade III). The nutrition is being adjusted, and the medicines with the active substance in the form of ascorbic acid are administered to the patient at a rate of 1.0 g or more per day. At the same time, at least a third of this amount should be administered to the patient parenterally.
In the case of severe disease, a high therapeutic effect shows a combination of 5% sodium ascorbate solution, which is taken in a volume of 1 to 2 ml, and a solution of glucose. This tandem enters the patient through the vein, which increases its effectiveness and reduces the time through which the expected therapeutic effect occurs.
To improve the patient's condition as soon as possible, 0.15 to 0.3 grams of medicines are added to the protocol of therapy, the main constituent of which is vitamin P, as well as 0.02 g of vitamin B1 preparations and 0.01 g of riboflavin (substances, actively involved in the processes of protein, carbohydrate and fat metabolism, in the visual function of the eyes and in the synthesis of hemoglobin).
The duration of treatment of vitamin C deficiency is, as a rule, about a month, but to maintain the level of ascorbic acid in your body, at the proper functional level, a person owes his entire life.
If the therapy is given to small children, it usually takes about a week for the child to receive a higher dosage allowed for his level, then the amount of medication injected is reduced, and the therapy also lasts about a month.