In everyday speech, the phrase "good immunity" or "weak immunity" is often found. Under the word "immunity" people understand something that protects us from various diseases: viruses, bacteria, infections, etc. What exactly is behind this, what this immunity looks like, many do not even think about. The mechanism of developing immunity lies in the synthesis of special cells, each of which performs its function. Thus, microphages eat microbes and destroy them in themselves, B-lymphocytes - produce antibodies and remove foreign genes from the body, T-lymphocytes kill microorganisms, neurophiles devour foreign matter, but they themselves are destroyed, the action of eosinophils is directed at parasites, etc. If a person is immune to various diseases, then the immune system works without failures. Frequent infectious diseases indicate that some of its links are inoperable and must be activated.
Which fruits increase immunity?
There are various reasons that cause immunodeficiency. One of them is the lack of vitamins A, B, C, E - significant chemical compounds in the production of immune cells. A well of many vitamins is a variety of fruits. What fruits increase immunity? Consider them.
Vitamin A (retinol) is a powerful antioxidant, protects the cells of the immune system from free radicals, helps the phagocytic cells in the fight against foreign particles. The condition of our skin and mucous membranes, as well as of vision, is directly dependent on this vitamin. In products of animal origin, retinol is in the form of esters, and in vegetable - pro-vitamin A - carotenoids. Fruits containing provitamin A include all fruits of red and orange color: apples, mangoes, sea buckthorn, apricots, peaches, quinces, cherries, cherries, grapes, melons.
Fruits containing vitamin C
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - a known antioxidant, actively participates in the synthesis of immune cells, increases the production of antibodies and interferon. It is necessary for the formation of collagen fibers and the fight against free radicals. These properties give grounds to use it in cosmetology. In the human body is not synthesized, but only gets with food from the outside. Vitamin C contain the following fruits: lemons, oranges, grapefruits, mandarins, black currant, kiwi, sea buckthorn, persimmon, cranberries.
Fruits containing vitamins of group B
This is a large group of vitamins, which play an important role in cellular metabolism, strengthening of immunity, the formation of antibodies. In addition to protective properties, vitamin B also participates in the synthesis of hemoglobin, polyunsaturated fatty acids. Deficiency of it, as they say, is obvious: dull hair, layered nails, early gray hair, fatigue, memory problems. The source of the vitamin are products of animal and vegetable origin. Among the fruits are rich in bananas, oranges, lemons, strawberries, cherries.
Other components of fruits that increase immunity
In addition to vitamins, a great role in strengthening immunity is played by dietary fiber. With the help of fiber, toxins, toxins, cholesterol, salts of heavy metals are excreted from the body, inflammation foci are neutralized, and the immune system is activated. To the fruits, rich in dietary fiber, include apples and citrus fruits. Strengthen immunity and phytoncides - biologically active antimicrobial substances, which are essentially the immune defense of the plants themselves. Phytoncides, which can block bacteria, are found in grapes, strawberries, black currants, cranberries, blackberries. Fungal diseases are resisted by fruits of mountain ash, elderberry and cherry. The simplest organisms are killed by phytoncides, which are found in freshly squeezed juice of black and red currant, cowberry, guelder-rose, gooseberry.
In more detail about the healing properties of some fruits
Let us dwell in more detail on the healing properties of some of the above-mentioned fruits.
Apricot - in its fruits there is carotene, organic acids, flavonoids, pectin, salts of silver, potassium and iron. It is useful to eat people with cardiovascular diseases, with avitaminosis, atherosclerosis, anemia, as a bactericide for diseases of the mucous membrane. The juice from this fruit has a curative effect on the digestive organs with reduced acidity, with gastritis and colitis. No less valuable and dried fruit - dried apricots. Caution should be used in patients with diabetes mellitus because of the high sugar content.
Blueberries are rich in pectins, ascorbic, oxalic, malic, citric acid, fish flavors, thiamine, tannins. They have astringent, antiseptic and antibacterial action. Bilberry is widely used in medicine for the treatment of intestinal infections, the oral cavity, the urinary system, dysbiosis, meteorism.
Apples - contain a whole complex of different vitamins (A, C, E, H, PP, group B), trace elements, as well as pectins that excrete radionuclides, pesticides, heavy metals from the body. This fruit is considered to be the organism's cleaner. Apple juice is indicated for various infectious diseases, colds, problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Lemon is a very useful fruit, a source of vitamins C, B1, B2, P, essential oils. It is a wonderful natural antioxidant, which tones up the body, protects against stress. It has bactericidal, anti-fever, astringent properties. For people - this is a remedy for all occasions, especially often remember about it for colds, tuberculosis, inflammations of the lungs, problems with digestion with a decreased secretion of gastric juice. Lemon could be popular only for what complements the taste of many products, saturating them with a special shade.
Seabuckthorn - the composition of vitamins, trace elements, folic acid, glucose, sucrose, organic acids, pectin and tannins, its fruits are superior to many other plants. Medicinal qualities of sea buckthorn are used for colds, various viral infections, for strengthening the walls of blood vessels, improving metabolism, treating inflammatory foci of the gastrointestinal tract, and in gynecology. Sea buckthorn oil is widely used in pharmaceutics, cosmetology.
Bananas - have low calorie content, and at the same time average size the fruit covers a quarter of the daily requirement for vitamin B6, 15% in vitamin C, almost the same daily requirement for manganese, slightly less in potassium and magnesium. Also, it contains a lot of starch and fiber, so there comes a rapid saturation.
There is one general rule when consuming fruit: to make them useful, you need to distinguish between them and the main meal. It is best to eat fresh fruits 1, 2 hours before meals or 2 hours after.
Proper nutrition, healthy lifestyle, fresh air, exercise, fresh fruit, which nature has created to help a person to be healthy - all this in a complex will strengthen immunity and protect against the effects of various infections.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
Gastritis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, which, with a prolonged course, is accompanied by its dystrophic changes. They are included in the violation of regeneration of the cells of the epithelium, their atrophy, the appearance of fibrous tissue.
The latest research relating Fruits that enhance immunity
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