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Diet for hemorrhoids

What to say, to fight with such a disease as hemorrhoids is difficult, but it is necessary to do it. And that the effect of the treatment was more palpable, you will need a special diet for hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids - an unpleasant disease, when due to a weakened vascular wall there is an increase and bulge of the rectum veins. All this is accompanied by symptoms of soreness, itching, bleeding. 

What is the diet for hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are often treated conservatively or surgically, prescribe sedentary baths or warming compresses, suppositories, softening bowel movements. However, nutrition is also important in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Thanks to a properly selected diet, you can reduce painful symptoms, restore stool disorders, achieve complete digestion of food and reduce the burden on the venous mesh and rectal mucosa.

Diet with internal hemorrhoids means, first of all, an increase in the amount of fiber used - fibrous tissue of plant origin, which is resistant to enzyme substances in the digestive tract of man, and is extremely important for the normalization of the act of defecation. Fiber contains:

  • in cereals (whole grain breads, macaroni from durum wheat, any cereals (except rice and manki) and legumes);
  • in fruits (as in the skin, and in the pulp of the fetus);
  • in dried fruits (in a suit, dried apricots, figs, dates, prunes);
  • in vegetables (both raw and cooked);
  • in root crops (beets, potatoes, carrots).

Fiber can also be used as separate dietary supplements, which are sold in pharmacies. However, it should be remembered that it can be consumed not more than 50 grams per day. As for fresh fruits and vegetables, they can be consumed in sufficient quantities.

How does fiber work? It is able to absorb the liquid and change the structure of stool: the chair softens and moves more easily through the intestines. In addition, due to fiber, the volume of stool is significantly increased.

Timely chair, lack of constipation reduce pressure on the walls of blood vessels. As a consequence, soreness weakens, the mucosa is restored, the puffiness passes.

Diet for acute hemorrhoids should include a sufficient amount of fluid. If there are no diseases of the kidneys and thyroid gland that can cause swelling, it is recommended to drink from 1.5 to 2.5 liters of fluid per day, with most of it necessary to drink in the morning. It can be pure water (not tap water), freshly squeezed juices, herbal tea or compote of dried fruits. By the way, prunes are also very appropriate in the diet, as it has good laxative properties. However, water should be drunk no earlier than an hour after eating, or half an hour before meals.

It is necessary to comply with the regime of food intake. The digestive system, like the entire human body, also has its own specific habits. The food is unbalanced, "when necessary" and "where necessary", is not acceptable for normal digestion processes. Eating at the same time sort of disciplines the gastrointestinal system, improves its performance, ensuring regular daily bowel movement.

Diet with hemorrhoids with bleeding is performed against the background of mandatory therapeutic measures. Elimination of bleeding hemorrhoids can only be medicated. The purpose of the diet in this situation is to reduce the burden on the veins, thereby affecting the early healing of the damaged vascular wall.

To reduce the likelihood of stagnant stool in the lower regions of the intestine is recommended to use sour-milk products in sufficient quantities. Such products are extremely important for the body: they contribute to the recovery of the optimal composition of the intestinal microflora, which, in turn, creates a favorable environment for the healing of mucous and vascular lesions.

Diet for hemorrhoids and constipation also implies the rejection of certain products, or the restriction of their use:

  • sugar, sweets, buns, pies, white wheat bread, white flour noodles, cookies, sweets, cakes, etc .;
  • meat dishes;
  • solid, sausage, processed cheeses;
  • alcohol in any form;
  • Coffee, strong black tea, chocolate;
  • salt (including chips, salted peanuts, crackers, marinades, pickles, billets with a lot of salt).

Remember: you can not wait for the positive effect of treating the disease, without changing the previous daily diet. The fight against constipation and general improvement of the body are the main components of the new diet.

Diet with hemorrhoids and fissures of the anus should be aimed at softening the stool and facilitating its passage through the intestinal ways. To do this, it is necessary to include unrefined vegetable oil in the daily diet, adding it to all sorts of salads and watering them garnishes. Even better - if you accustom yourself every morning to drink a spoonful of oil, preferably olive or linseed, with a small amount of water. Vegetable oil is an excellent stimulant of the intestine. If you can not force yourself to swallow the butter, you can mix it with a cup of kefir or yogurt. Remember that to relax the intestine, you should drink only fresh yogurt or kefir, which is not more than three days. Otherwise, instead of a laxative effect, you can get, on the contrary, fixing.

The diet for exacerbation of hemorrhoids should be relatively strict. It should be mandatory to abandon any alcoholic beverages. It is necessary to drink pure mineral water without gas, there are many vegetables and a variety of fruits. If the doctor decided to remove hemorrhoidal nodes in an operative way, then he will tell you about his nutrition on the day before the operation individually. In the future, it is necessary to follow the general recommendations for nutrition in hemorrhoids. However, do not think that if the problem is removed promptly, it will not happen again. If you return to the old way of life, where there was overeating, malnutrition, constipation - hemorrhoids can recur. Therefore, try to accustom yourself to eat properly - this will be the best prevention of the recurrence of the disease.

Strictly speaking, a diet after hemorrhoids is an ordinary, but rational and balanced diet, with regularity of food intake, without overeating and hunger strikes. It is necessary to avoid eating food dry-it can lead to the formation of a chronic form of constipation, which will significantly worsen the prognosis of hemorrhoids.

If, on the background of hemorrhoids, you have a tendency to diarrhea - consult a doctor: you may need correction of the bacterial flora of the intestine.

Diet for hemorrhoids in pregnancy

Unfortunately, future mothers can often become victims of hemorrhoids in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. The cause may be the pressure produced by an enlarged uterus on the venous network of the small pelvis, including the hemorrhoidal veins. Sometimes the disease manifests itself after the birth, which is associated with the load on the vascular system when the child passes through the birth canal.

The disease can develop gradually without showing itself. For this reason, many doctors recommend that during pregnancy to observe a certain diet, which serves primarily prevention of hemorrhoids and, in the presence of the disease, will ease the symptoms. Amendments in the diet of women should be aimed at improving bowel function, normalizing the stool.

Sharp seasonings, salines, sweets, flour, heavy protein products - are canceled. The food we eat should support and guide the digestive system, and not create obstacles in digestion. It is necessary to abandon the rich soup, using instead of vegetable soup, stewed vegetables, dark bread, cereals in the water. Instead of whole milk, it is better to use sour-milk products. In your menu must be present dried fruits, bananas and other fruits, oatmeal, salads with the addition of unrefined oil.

Try to eat slowly, chewing each piece well. Choose fresh food, freshly cooked. Do not use products with expired shelf life: do not risk your health or the health of your unborn child.

Menu diet for hemorrhoids

Here is an example of such a menu:

  • Breakfast - oatmeal on the water, with honey and washed raisins, whole-grain bread, green tea.
  • A snack is a fruit salad with Greek yoghurt.
  • Lunch - bean soup, baked fish with buckwheat porridge, dark bread, decoction of rose hips.
  • Snack is a banana.
  • Dinner - vegetable stew with carrots, zucchini and eggplant, a slice of Borodino bread, compote of prunes.
  • At night - a cup of yogurt.

The second option:

  • Breakfast - cottage cheese with raisins, prunes and nuts, whole wheat bread, freshly squeezed fruit juice.
  • Snack - baked apple with nuts.
  • Lunch - lentil soup, steam meatballs with barbecue, a piece of black bread, green tea.
  • Snack - tomato juice with whole wheat loaf.
  • Dinner - vegetable salad with a piece of boiled chicken breast, Borodino bread, compote of dried fruits.
  • At night - yoghurt.

Make up the menu according to your own tastes and needs, without forgetting to bring in the doctor's recommendations on proper nutrition. Perhaps, adhering to good and useful advice, you will forget about such an unpleasant disease as hemorrhoids.

A diet with hemorrhoids is important, otherwise all attempts to get rid of the disease can be futile.

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Medical expert editor

Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich

Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"

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