If your baby is on natural feeding, then at this age you need to introduce complementary foods (flavoring products) - fruit and vegetable juices and purees. At the same time, one must remember the principle of gradualism and minimalism. You need to start with half a teaspoon of juice, which has a sweet or sour-sweet taste, but without the addition of sugar. Gradually increase the volume by half a teaspoon to reach the required volume of days in ten. While giving one kind of complementary food, do not connect the other. Otherwise it will not be clear to which of them the child was sprinkled or why diarrhea appeared.
The diet for a baby who is naturally breastfed looks like this (age 4.5-5 months):
- 6.00 - breast milk - 200 ml
- 10.00 - breast milk - 180 ml + fruit juice - 20 ml
- 15.00 - breast milk - 200 ml
- 18.00 - breast milk - 170 ml + fruit puree - 30 ml
- 23.00 - breast milk - 200 ml.
If the child is on artificial feeding: 6.00 - adapted milk formula - 200 ml
- 10.00 - vegetable puree - 160 g + fruit juice - 20 ml
- 15.00 - adapted milk formula - 200 ml
- 18.00 - adapted milk formula - 180 ml + juice - 20 ml
- 22.00 - adapted milk formula - 200 ml
Considering the considerable losses of water in small children (they often write, breathe more intensively and sweat), they should definitely drink at least 300 ml of water per day.
If no allergies, no diarrhea, or other side effects after the introduction of vegetables and fruits did not arise, children with anemia and rickets can enter into the diet two-pack fruit and vegetable purees containing a more complete set of various nutritional substances. And the baby needs to be given less potatoes, since it contains too much starch, and calcium, which is so necessary for a growing organism, is very small in it. Puree must consist of pumpkin, beet, zucchini. Subsequently, they can even replace one feeding.
In addition to vegetables and fruits, the diet should be introduced and cereals of cereals. Cereals are rich in fiber, protein, minerals, vitamins. Porridge from cereals and vegetables are very useful for children with excess weight or in the presence of exudative diathesis.
From 4.5 months in the diet of the child begin to enter cottage cheese. But the cottage cheese should be made in a children's dairy kitchen.
From 5-6 months you need to enter the diet of meat and vegetable purees. They contain about 10% of meat (beef, chicken, veal) in combination with different vegetables (carrots, cauliflower, cereals - rice, millet, oatmeal). For saturation with polyunsaturated fatty acids, vegetable oil can be added in them. It is not recommended to add food to children at this age, because their kidneys can not fully remove slags from the body, and in products of sodium chloride, as a rule, it is enough.
By introducing complementary foods, you must take care that the child's dishes are beautifully served, because for him any action with his participation is a game. And you need to play interesting "toys."
In order to feed the child from a spoon, it should be planted at the table. In furniture stores are sold special folding tables for children. You can use it as a chair, pushing it to a common table (it's even preferable - the child eats with adults), or by spreading it as a table, you serve him a table at a lower height. However, if the table-chair is close to the general table, you need to ensure that the child does not push off from him and does not upset with his chair.
Sitting the child at the table, teach him to wash his hands before eating, put on his neck a breast apron or a napkin. During the meal, wipe his lips and cheeks in time - it will also accustom him to cleanliness and accuracy. After eating, wash his hands and wash.