US researchers reported that childhood obesity in the country has become rampant, despite the fact that the last decade of actively combating obesity. The Clinical Institute at Duke team of experts analyzed data on health and nutrition of the population, including children, as a result, scientists have concluded that the percentage of children and adolescents with overweight or obese in the period from 2013 to 2014 increased by more than 3 times .
At the same time, data from previous reporting periods (before 2013) did not differ from the past. But at the same time, scientists have noticed that the increase was not observed until 1999, children with overweight .
In the period from 2012 to 2014. The second degree obesity, 6.3% of children were reported, the third degree - in 2.4%. A few years earlier suffered second degree obesity 5.9% of children of the third degree - 2.1%, there is an increase in performance.
According to some estimates, more than 4.5 million children and adolescents suffer from severe obesity, so you need to make every effort to make children accustomed to a healthy lifestyle.
Obesity is diagnosed after determining the body mass index (BMI), which is determined in relation to an increase in mass (kilograms to meters). Normal BMI is considered to be the indicator of 18.5 - 24.99, if the BMI is below normal say underweight, above - on the extra pounds.
In recent years, the United States, obesity is becoming more acute. Despite the fact that the various programs are actively taken, promote healthy lifestyles and nutrition, doctors have not been able to achieve a positive effect - the number of people who are overweight continues to increase every year.
Air Force conducted its own analysis and found that the highest number of obese people living in Mississippi - more than 30% of the total population, there lives the largest number of fat children and adolescents (10-17 years) - more than 40%. After Mississippi followed by Alabama, West Virginia, Tennessee.
According to scientists, obesity is not only a consequence of malnutrition. The University of Iowa team experts asserts that excessive strictness, shouting and swearing can help to ensure that the child will be extra weight in the future. The researchers note that such training increases the likelihood of developing obesity, and such children, as adults, do not have good health. According to scientists, the processes occurring in the child's body is not reversible, and parents need to remember that a rough upbringing lead to health problems.
For the evaluation of the behavior of the parents, scientists analyzed the records on which were recorded the interaction of different families (the researchers looked at 450 families), the experts evaluated the state of children's health, and as a result found out a few years, even with mild physical aggression in the child's risk of obesity increased significantly. During adolescence, physical disorders and BMI were not significant, but at a young age, when children have already started an independent life, manifested more and more.
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