A flash camera will help diagnose visual impairment in children
02 March 2017, 09:00
Ophthalmologist Svetlana Korbutyak shared information on how to recognize certain eye diseases in children using a conventional flash camera.
Most parents believe that the infant during the first months of life has practically nothing around him and does not pay attention to external stimuli. Nevertheless, this is far from the case: the sight of the baby is able to fix almost everything, however, only at a short distance. It is in this period that it is extremely important to recognize any initial vision pathologies in order to be able to correct them in the future.
In the first months after the birth of a child, the most common problems and unfavorable changes in the organs of vision most often develop. How can parents detect them without recourse to doctors?
Svetlana Korbutyak is sure that the early development of diseases can be determined, and this will require an ordinary flash for the camera.
That is, to diagnose the view, you just take a picture of the child with the flash.
If in the picture the eyes will look like red dots, then this is a favorable sign: there is no pathology for the baby.
If one or both eyes are reflected in white, then this pathognomonic symptom of cataracts is the turbidity of the lens material, or its capsules.
The greenish-yellow color of the eyes on the photoimage directly indicates that the child must necessarily be shown to the ophthalmologist.
In addition to the above symptoms, parents should attach importance to whether the baby has the same incision, whether his reaction to a sharp and bright flash of light is noticeable. Bad sign, if a child has a half-dipped eyelid - you will need advice not only from the ophthalmologist, but also the surgeon. And during the outbreak, any healthy child is screwed up - such a reaction is normal and indicates a good state of vision.
In any newborn child, vision is checked in the maternity ward. After this, it is recommended to show the baby to the doctor one month, six months and twelve months after birth. A pediatric ophthalmologist will examine and assess the condition of the fundus, the size and symmetry of the pupils. At the same time, the reaction of the pupil to the light stimulus is investigated and the general state of the organs of vision is evaluated.
To check the development of visual function in a baby is really very important, and the task of parents is to timely inform the doctor of any suspicions. It should be noted right away that during the neonatal period, the children often have physiological strabismus - but it can not be considered dangerous. In any case, it is better to show the child to a specialist who will accurately say whether such a symptom is a variant of the norm or pathology.
However, one should not overdo it with a flash: many doctors generally do not recommend including it during the photographing of newborns. And in this there is a rational grain. When photographing, you can not approach the child closely, you can not turn on the flash in a dark or semi-dark room so as not to frighten or blind the baby. Also, do not take a few pictures in a row: one photo will be enough to diagnose the organs of vision.
Today, in medicine, the need to restore vision is becoming increasingly important. Patients complain of reduced visual acuity, clarity of perception. For many, the perceived object is twofold, or "flies" appear before the eyes.
Among scientists, physiognomy was never considered a serious science and judgments based on observation of a human face were not taken seriously. Moreover, some with special derision called physiognomy "pseudoscience."