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"Smart threads" - the future of diagnostics

27 July 2016, 09:00

Scientists from the United States and India have jointly developed a unique device that can penetrate the tissues and carry out diagnostics. Specialists created special threads for sewing damaged tissues, in which nano-sensors were built in and connected to a wireless wiring diagram, in addition, the threads differed in sensitivity to different chemical and physical connections. According to the scientific group, their invention will help to control the process of wound healing, postoperative sutures and monitor the general condition of the patient.

In one of the research centers, scientists have established that threads are an excellent basis for diagnostic implants. The research was carried out on laboratory rodents - as a result, scientists based on data on fiber tension, pressure, temperature, etc. Were able to assess the health status of animals - all data was obtained on a computer and mobile device via a wireless data link. Special conductive threads, processed with the necessary components, were sewed into the body of rats, then, after analyzing the data obtained, scientists evaluated the healing process, the likelihood of infection, and also revealed violations of the body's biochemical balance.

With the help of threads, scientists received data on the level of glucose in the blood, acid-base balance, pressure, etc. Special small devices can penetrate not only into soft tissues, but also complex structures of organs and orthopedic implants.

Now it is difficult to say whether such strands will be used in medical practice in the near future, since scientists still have to conduct a lot of research in this area, but judging by preliminary data, "smart threads" will help optimize the treatment of a single patient.  

Now there are no diagnostic devices that could be sewn into the fabric or organ structure and the threads can become a real breakthrough in this area. Specially treated threads can be the basis not only for surgical implants, but also be sewn into textiles, for example in bandages, so that physicians can monitor the healing process of postoperative sutures, and also be used in sanitary diagnostics.

All the existing bases for diagnostic implants today are two-dimensional devices, the practicality of which in flat tissues was limited.

Scientists are sure that "smart threads" can be used to develop an intelligent material that will be sewn into the fabric. It is possible that the threads will be implanted into the human body and become indispensable aids to doctors in diagnosing patients.

The research team also noted that the material and processing costs are quite expensive, at the same time the finished materials are relatively inexpensive and multifunctional, one of the main advantages of which is the ability to penetrate into complex tissue structures and deliver the necessary connections to the body through a liquid flow.

It is important to know!

Diagnosis is a specialist who establishes a diagnosis. The specialization is quite young, she is only a few dozen years old, but doctors have been diagnosing doctors since a long time, based on the simplest methods of research: listening, probing, rapping, etc. Read more..

Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 16.05.2018
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