Scientists have been able to develop a device that will replace the heart
27 December 2013, 09:30
European specialists managed to develop a new artificial heart. In the work on an artificial body, scientists adapted technologies commonly used in a variety of space devices, telecommunications satellites that rotate around the earth.
The work in the field of the development of an artificial device that would completely replace a sick heart was carried out for 15 years, various centers and institutes participated in the development. A new cardiac artificial organ will undergo clinical trials in France and if the tests are successful, the artificial heart will go into mass production.
The appearance of a similar implant was expected for a long time by a large number of people. To develop a device that can fully replace the human heart, different groups of specialists work all over the world, some of the scientists' developments can make a real sensational breakthrough in the field of transplantology.
Over one hundred million people in the world suffer from severe heart disease. Sometimes the patient's condition approaches critical so that an urgent organ transplant is required. Unfortunately, the lack of donor organs allows you to make a similar operation to all those who need it. Therefore, many experts consider an artificial heart organ to be extremely important in the conditions of modern medicine.
Alain Carpentier, professor, a well-known cardiosurgeon became the author of the development of a new organ. Due to the fact that the professor was able to access a variety of technologies that are used in space applications, he was able to create a device capable of performing the functions of the human heart and to be as reliable and durable as possible.
Professor Carpentier believes that the new artificial device combines the latest developments in biology, medicine, electronics, as well as using the most advanced materials. The artificial heart consists of 50% organic and biological materials, the remaining half is used in the production of spacecraft components, only a much smaller size.
As explained by one of the developers who participated in the creation of an artificial organ, there is much in common between the cosmos and the human body. Both the cosmos and the human body is a complex and inaccessible system. In space, errors are not allowed, it is impossible to repair the broken part and repair it without problems. By the same principle, it is the case with man. The group of specialists needed to create such a device that could work in difficult conditions of the vascular system, which can open and close the valve about 35 million times a year and work without fail for five years (minimum) from the moment of transplantation into the human body.
It was almost impossible for specialists to develop an apparatus that could replace the most important human organ and be as reliable as possible. The creation of such a body became possible due to the enormous work on designing, forecasting and further practical application of high-tech electronic components, which until that time were used only in the construction of satellites.
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