Vaccination - is an artificial creation of the immune defense to certain diseases. This is one of the best methods to protect themselves, their children and their family members from various infections. Often, however, we are faced with the question: where to get vaccinated?
Where and who to ask about vaccination against a disease? Indeed, the need for vaccinations is not always planned: often we turn to vaccination before traveling to other countries, during epidemics and mass diseases. About that are vaccinated, and where they can do you in this article.
Where can I get vaccinated?
Vaccination can be done in a medical facility or at home. To do this, please contact the public health center or a private clinic, where you will be given a full and detailed information you are interested in vaccination, as well as its cost.
Baby vaccinations carried out initially in the hospital (from 4 to 7 days of life), and in the future - in the children's clinic or in a private children's hospital. And in the first and in the second case, the parents have a right to call a nurse for vaccinations at the house.
Often before the vaccination the doctor may prescribe the patient a blood test, consultation with other health care professionals (eg neurologist), even complex inspection may be required in some cases. All this is done in order to avoid possible adverse effects after vaccination, as well as find out the level of readiness of the organism to resist infection.
Preventive vaccination plan for children can be found at the health visitor, as well as that of any pediatrician working in the public or private medical facility.
Where to be vaccinated against chickenpox?
Vaccinated against chickenpox can be carried out already with one year of age, including adults (no age limit). Where can I get vaccinated against chickenpox? The clinic at the place of residence or work, if this facility is available vaccine against chickenpox. You can also contact a special vaccination centers or private clinics.
The choice you can offer two types of vaccines: Okavaks or Varilriks that are produced, respectively, in Japan (as in France) and in Belgium. Both sera equally effective. The only difference is in the dosage and in the technique of vaccination.
Vaccinations against chickenpox should not do:
during acute infectious or inflammatory disease (or exacerbation of chronic);
with hypersensitivity to vaccine organism.
Vaccination is carried out only one month after recovery from infection and inflammation in the body.
Children up to 13 years, only one dose of serum from chicken pox. Adults and children after 13 years, as a rule, administered two doses of the drug. Only in this way will form a sufficient and strong immune system, which, according to statistics, can last for about 30 years.
After vaccination may be observed:
skin rash (chickenpox by type);
itching of the skin;
feeling of weakness, and weakness;
swollen lymph nodes.
All of these symptoms disappear on their own, but children at that time better see a doctor in order to avoid negative consequences.
Where to get vaccinated Okavaks?
Vaccination Okavaks very popular in many countries, as it is the first official from the chickenpox vaccine. This vaccine is safe and relatively well tolerated in children.
Okavaks serum is used to prevent chicken pox at the age of one year old. It is also possible to vaccinate patients without a history of chickenpox and do not plant earlier, but close contacts with sick chicken pox.
Typically, the dosage administered alone once, as a subcutaneous injection.
In extreme cases there may be an urgent introduction of serum for the first three days after contact with the patient.
Vaccination during pregnancy Okavaks can not be done.
The vaccine is used with extreme caution:
- chronic diseases of the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and liver;
- blood diseases;
- a tendency to allergies;
- the tendency to convulsions;
- in immunodeficiency.
Okavaks vaccine should be available in the centers of immunology and vaccination, as well as in children's clinics, and private childcare centers.
Where to be vaccinated against hepatitis B?
Currently apply vaccination against hepatitis A and B. For the prevention of hepatitis C serum is not as easy enough to avoid contact with the ill person.
Vaccination against HCV consists of a main immunogenic viral protein HBs Ag. The shelf life of a full course of vaccination is usually from 10 years to life immunity.
In most cases, current vaccines against hepatitis are no different side effects and adverse complications. Occasionally one can observe a high temperature, allergic reactions, pain at the injection site.
Vaccination against hepatitis B is included in the list of mandatory vaccinations for childhood:
first shot made in the initial 12 hours of baby's life;
second shot - when the baby turns a month;
third - in six months.
If for any reason the baby is not such vaccination has been carried out, then it has been held since 13 years of age.
In adulthood vaccinations are people who are at risk for the incidence of hepatitis. It:
Future health workers (students);
Medical Laboratory Assistant;
relatives sick with hepatitis;
patients undergoing hemodialysis;
Patients other viral infection that affects the liver.
Hepatitis B vaccination is carried out in clinics and hospitals private or public submission.
Where to get vaccinated against rabies?
Vaccination against rabies is carried out to persons who are bitten by suspect animals, as well as those who, due to professional or other activities are often in contact with various representatives of wild and domestic animals.
Where to get vaccinated against rabies? You can contact the special vaccination centers with paid medical institutions, or to the nearest clinic in the community. By the way, vaccination against rabies includes notorious "40 injections in the abdomen." Vaccinate concentrate purified Kokai serum. Such a vaccine is administered in the form of five injections (in some cases only three).
The vaccine can be administered with virtually no restrictions, ie during pregnancy, infectious diseases and oncology.
Of the adverse events can be identified unless allergic reactions such as skin rash and reddening that persists using standard antihistamines.
Where vaccination against encephalitis?
Such serum may be used for inoculation of encephalitis:
Vaccinated against encephalitis can be carried out 12 months and throughout their lives, if necessary. Typically, the vaccine is mandatory for those who live in the area, which is considered a risk zone of incidence of tick-borne encephalitis.
The vaccine is administered only clinically healthy people, with no signs of inflammatory or infectious diseases.
Where vaccination against encephalitis? Such vaccines are only in medical institutions, which have a license to conduct protivoentsefalitnoy vaccination. Therefore, when referring to a given medical facility is necessary to clarify the existence of such a license. Unlicensed antientsefalitnoy improper storage of the vaccine can lead to useless or even a risk of vaccination.
If you are going to leave the unfavorable encephalitis on the territory, the vaccination should be done in about 1-2 months before traveling, because the vaccine is injected into 2-3 stages. After a standard three-step vaccination immunity is formed by approximately 3-year period. Further, if necessary, must be repeated vaccination.
Additional adverse events encephalitis vaccination can be identified:
local reaction (induration, redness, pain at the injection site);
sleep disturbance and appetite;
swollen lymph nodes.
Where to get vaccinated against rubella?
Vaccination against rubella vaccines can be carried out by five species:
French production "Rudivax";
complex preparations (measles, mumps and rubella) and Priorix MMRII.
Vaccination is carried out in children twice: one year old and 7 years old.
Typically, these vaccines do not cause adverse reactions. In rare cases, there is an increase of temperature indicators, swollen lymph nodes, rash (after 1-2 weeks after vaccination).
Girls is recommended to vaccinate again at 12-13 years of age, for their particularly important immunity against rubella. Rubella during gestation baby can result in spontaneous abortion.
Vaccinated against rubella is not carried out:
immunodeficiency syndromes, in the presence of malignancies;
organism in hypersensitivity to aminoglycosides (such as kanamycin or monomycin).
In cases where the child was treated immunoglobulins or blood plasma, then vaccination should be carried out not earlier than after 2-3 months.
Vaccinated against rubella can be done in almost any outpatient facility in a private or public hospital.
Where to get vaccinated Priorix?
Belgium Priorix vaccine protects future mumps, rubella and measles at the same time. The drug can be used with one year of age as a routine vaccinations or emergency - for three days after contact with the ill person.
Vaccinated Priorix should not be used in allergy to neomycin and egg protein in the immune deficiency, pregnancy and high body temperature.
Priorix effective in 98% of cases of disease probability. The degree of development of adverse events is not so great: occasionally appears redness at the injection area, as well as pain and swelling. Much less can detect swelling of the salivary glands, as well as the symptoms of infectious diseases: a runny nose, cough, sputum, etc. Appearance.
Make Priorix vaccination at the nearest medical center with a doctor, an immunologist at the polyclinic, or to invite experts from the private clinic at home.
Where to get vaccinated with BCG?
BCG vaccine - is prevention of tuberculosis in children, including diseases of tuberculous meningitis, bone tuberculosis and pulmonary tuberculosis.
The first vaccines are still in the hospital, on the 4 th day of the baby's life. The second vaccination is carried out in 7 years of age or 14 years.
After injection, serum formed a slight seal prone to suppuration. The healing process may take several months. After healing, there is a small scar.
In subsequent years, for the characterization of the immune protection of the child, carried out tuberculin test (Mantoux), which indicate the degree of protection of children from tuberculosis.
BCG vaccination can be done in the children's clinic or in a private children's center vaccination. Vaccination is not recommended:
in acute infections, hemolytic disease, etc .;
preterm impaired children;
with immunodeficiency, cancer;
in the treatment of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants;
in severe reactions to the first injection of BCG.
Where to get vaccinated with DTP?
Vaccination of DPT - This is combined prevention of diseases such as whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus. Abroad, a similar vaccine called Infanrix.
Grafting is carried out according to the schedule and includes 4 injections:
I - at 2-3 months of age;
II and III with an interval of 30-50 days;
IV - 1 year after injection III.
DTP vaccination is often difficult to make the child's body. Typically, the side effects occur already during the three days after the administration and represent the following symptoms:
pain, swelling and redness at the injection zone;
loss of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea phenomenon;
pathological crying baby (squeal kind that may last for 3 hours or longer);
DTP vaccination can be done in the children's clinic or in a private children's hospital in the presence of the vaccine. Vaccination is not recommended for children with diseases of the nervous system, inflammatory and infectious diseases in the acute stage, in the presence of seizures or immunodeficiency.
Where to get vaccinated Pentaxim?
Grafting Pentaxim - a combined administration of the drug, which provides a comprehensive immune protection against whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type B (meningitis, pneumonia, septicemia, etc.). Pentaxim tolerated by the human body easier than, for example, DTP, and has significantly fewer adverse events.
Among the side effects of the drug is mainly dominated by local reactions in the form of swelling, reddening, and pain in the injection zone.
Vaccinated Pentaxim do:
when the likelihood of developing an allergic reaction;
at elevated temperature, acute phase inflammatory and infectious diseases.
Vaccinations are only for healthy children, which must be confirmed by blood tests and urine immediately before the date of the introduction of the vaccine. It should also be a positive assessment of the child's nervous system, resulting in a neurologist.
Make Pentaxim vaccination is possible in any immunological center or clinic for immunization in the office, in the presence of the vaccine (this point should be clarified in advance).
Where to get vaccinated Infanrix?
Vaccination Infanrix - import analogue of the well known DTP. That is, this vaccine for the prevention of whooping cough, tetanus and diphtheria.
Infanrix generally used in a primary immunization of children: immunization scheme includes 4 injections of the drug (in 3 months, 4.5 months, six months and eighteen months).
Infanrix tolerated in children is much easier than the DTP, but some side effects can still occur:
state of fever;
long baby crying;
Blood pressure changes;
susceptibility to viral infection.
To avoid complications, it not recommended to vaccinate at high body temperature, with coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia.
Can be vaccinated in private care centers and clinics in the Department of Immunology of children's hospitals or at the children's clinic (subject to the availability of the vaccine).
Where to get vaccinated against diphtheria?
Vaccinated against diphtheria can be carried out in several types of vaccines:
Preventive vaccination in childhood provides DTP serum, which we discussed above.
And where to get vaccinated against diphtheria for adults? Such a vaccination can be done in the state clinic for adults, immunization study, as well as in many private clinics that provide services for vaccination.
Vaccinated against diphtheria adult patient do once using serum Td every 10 years.
In adulthood, the reaction to the serum injection can be as follows:
rash, swelling and pain in the injection area.
As a rule, listed adverse reactions disappear on their own within a few days.
If present graftable patient chronic liver disease, kidney, respiratory system, etc., Vaccination do under a doctor's supervision.
Where to get vaccinated against tetanus?
Vaccination against tetanus is included in a comprehensive DTP, which is carried out in childhood, and immediately protects against three diseases: pertussis, tetanus and diphtheria.
Adult patients, if they are vaccinated against tetanus, in most cases, this emergency vaccination associated with any suspicious injuries that may lead to disease. Grafting tetanus in adulthood - is the introduction of tetanus toxoid or Td vaccine, which consists of a combination of the tetanus toxoid and diphtheria.
Where to get vaccinated against tetanus? Most often, for the emergency vaccination treated in the emergency room or casualty department of hospitals and clinics. Routine childhood vaccinations can be done in a clinic or vaccination centers and immunization.
It should be noted that vaccination should not be done:
in acute inflammatory and infectious diseases;
the tendency to allergy to the medication injected.
Immediately after the inoculation, to avoid complications, it is recommended to eat easily digestible food without an abundance of fat and spices, as well as to refrain from taking alcoholic beverages.
Where to get vaccinated against the flu?
Flu shot is recommended to absolutely healthy people (not ill with colds, infectious and inflammatory diseases), aged from six months to 60 years. The best time for such a vaccination - this autumn between October and November, as the peak of influenza epidemics falls on the winter and spring.
Who is the most important vaccinated against the flu?
Women planning to become pregnant in the winter-spring period.
Children aged from six months to 2 years.
Adults with weak immune systems, chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, diabetes.
The flu shot is not recommended:
if there is an allergy to the protein products;
the presence of allergy vaccination.
Where to get vaccinated against the flu? Immunizations can be obtained at the district or urban clinic or in private clinics. Moreover, often in seasonal epidemics of influenza vaccination centers open in schools and kindergartens, where you can take your child.
The flu shot is not specific, and it is desirable to carry out every year.
Where to be vaccinated against polio?
Vaccination against polio is considered binding upon receipt of the baby to preschool. The vaccine is administered as follows: 3 months, 4, 5, 18 months, then 2 years and 6 years. Perhaps the introduction of two vaccines options:
Salk (injection) serum;
Sabin (oral) serum.
If necessary, the vaccination can do as adults. This is carried out in cases where patients have not been vaccinated in childhood and visit the areas in which there is a risk to be ill with polio.
Vaccinated against polio can be done in the children's clinic, in the office of the immunization clinic at the place of residence, in the paid immunological clinic.
Vaccination is not advised to do to people with immune disorders, with a tendency to allergy to neomycin and streptomycin.
Side effects from vaccination minor or non-existent.
Where to get vaccinated against typhoid?
There are two options for vaccines against typhoid:
inactivated serum injection;
attenuated oral serum.
The first type of vaccine administered at 2 years of age, no later than 2 weeks before the trip to the incidence of typhoid fever risk area. If such visits are of a permanent nature, or people living in dangerous areas, such vaccination shall be carried out once every 2 years.
The second type of vaccine (oral) may be used with the age of six. Vaccination course consists of four injection with an interval of two days. Re-vaccination is carried out every 5 years if necessary.
Administration of the vaccine may be accompanied by:
an allergic reaction.
Vaccination should not be performed:
children up to 2 years;
people with compromised immune systems;
persons with oncological pathologies;
persons who undergo chemotherapy treatment, steroid hormones or undergo rentgenizlucheniyam.
Where to get vaccinated against typhoid? Such a vaccination can be done in the office of immunization at clinics, at private clinics, as well as vaccination centers and immunology.
Where vaccination against herpes?
Vaccination against herpes is carried out using vaccines Vitagerpavak - herpes culture inactivated vaccine dry. This vaccine helps to prevent exacerbation of herpes 1 and 2 types.
Be vaccinated for herpes is recommended:
patients with a chronic form of herpes infection with exacerbations of the disease more than three times a year;
elderly people with weakened immune systems;
patients with immunodeficiency I and stage II.
By carrying out vaccinations, there are several contraindications:
herpes in the active phase;
acute phase of infections and inflammatory diseases;
propensity to allergies to gentamicin and other aminoglycosides;
The active phase of HIV infection.
Vaccinated against herpes can be done in medical facilities (hospital, clinic, clinic) only under a doctor's supervision. Standard immunization scheme comprises 5 injections with an interval of 1 week between each.
In some cases, after the introduction of the vaccine may be a weakness, fever. These symptoms disappear without any special treatment.
Where vaccination against papillomavirus?
Vaccinated against papillomavirus, in many cases recommended to do the girls from 11-12 years. Vaccination is carried out in three stages: the first and second vaccination must pass 2 months, and between the second and third - 6 months. Principally, that the first vaccination was carried out even before a girl begins sexual activity.
If a woman is not vaccinated, but has already had sexual intercourse before the introduction of vaccination it must be tested for the presence of HPV. If a virus is detected, it is possible to do an inoculation. Gardasil vaccine can be used in the event that the virus is already lodged in the body.
Two known variants of papillomavirus vaccines:
Vaccinations are not doing a tendency to allergies and during acute infections and inflammations, as well as during pregnancy.
What side effects may cause a vaccination against papilloma:
complications of the central nervous system;
As a general rule, to be vaccinated against papillomavirus can be in the clinic in the place of residence (if the vaccine is available) or at a center vaccination, which are available in almost every major city.
Where to get vaccinated adults?
Adults exposed to various diseases as much as children. Therefore, adult patients treated often enough about these or other vaccination. What vaccines are most often used for adult vaccination:
flu shot - before flu season;
vaccination against hepatitis B - is carried out in three stages;
vaccination against hepatitis A - 2 injections administered at intervals of six months;
vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria - usually done after injury or damage to other tissues;
vaccination against rubella - is carried out before a planned pregnancy;
vaccinated against polio - done before traveling to dangerous regions of polio;
vaccination against meningococcus - is carried out before the trip to Central Africa and South America;
vaccination against pneumococcus - when the immune weakness of the body.
Of course, many people understand that to be vaccinated against the disease is much safer than they have been ill. That is why immunology centers and stationary immunological departments and offices in immunization clinics in most cases have in stock the most popular vaccines and sera from various diseases. Before you make an appointment, please check with your chosen medical facility availability of the necessary vaccines, as well as facilities for vaccination. In some cases, vaccination is required before delivery of laboratory tests and the passage of relevant professional advice.
Where do immunizations to children?
The first vaccinations for children are doing more in the nursing home - a vaccine against hepatitis B and tuberculosis (BCG).
Further, to obtain vaccinations, please contact the children's clinic, or to negotiate with a nurse who will come to your house and carry out routine vaccination.
When the baby gets older, vaccination may be carried out in kindergarten and at school, in the health care provider's office.
If parents, for whatever reason do not want to apply to the state medical establishment, it is possible to carry out any vaccination (both planned and emergency) in private private clinics: children immunological centers, clinics for immunization, child health centers and so on.
Before you go with the baby to the next inoculation, measure his temperature (normal - 36.6, and in children under one year - to 37.2), as well as visit the pediatrician, which finally give "good" for vaccination.
Some experts recommend giving your child prior to vaccination anti-allergic agents. However, to do this or not, you decide.
Where to get vaccinated dog?
Vaccinated dog can be done by yourself, buying a vaccine in the veterinary pharmacy or in the dog breeders. However, if you need documentation of grafting dog, in this case, vaccination should be carried out in veterinary clinics or veterinary stations, which have the necessary licenses to carry out vaccinations. Immunization documents in the future you may need when visiting exhibitions, or when traveling with a dog.
Before the vaccination is necessary to remember the following rules:
do not vaccinate your dog, at which there are worms (you first need to get rid of them);
females vaccinated prior to breeding;
Most vaccinations for dogs should be repeated annually;
vaccination is carried out only healthy animals. Exception - a disease of plague: in this case carried out emergency vaccination intravenously.
But still prudent to carry out vaccinations in the care of a veterinarian. In addition, many clinics do not exclude the possibility to send their professional home. The doctor will examine the animal, give the necessary recommendations to be vaccinated and watch the dog after injection.
Where to get vaccinated charge?
Typically, the free vaccination can only be done in public health facilities, and even then, only with the use of plan (mandatory) domestic production of vaccines. Paid vaccinated imported vaccines and conduct immunization in normal classrooms children's clinics, and private children's clinics, which offers several options for drugs.
Where to get vaccinated, free of charge or, you decide. Most often the choice is due to the circumstances. For example, free public vaccine clinic to wait, and the child must be made out in kindergarten, so parents are forced to spend the paid vaccination.
Some moms and dads choosing a paid vaccination purposefully. Indeed, most of the imported premium whey tolerated in children is easier to have a minimum of adverse events and less likely to cause complications.
By the way, sometimes paid a vaccine may provide free of charge: it concerns children who are in their infancy already have health problems. In hospitals there are special social programs for these children, including setting and free import of vaccines.
As for emergency or unscheduled vaccinations for adults, they tend to be paid, regardless of their place of execution.
Where to get vaccinated in Kiev?
In Kiev, as in any other city in Ukraine, vaccination can be done in public hospitals or in private clinics and medical centers. Vaccinations are usually carried out in the next children's clinics in the community. As for the other clinics, it is possible to apply, for example, in the following:
Medic clinic - ul. Henri Barbyusa 37/1 or Heroes Stalingrad 6D;
Hippocrates Clinic - Boulevard Lepse 4;
Oberig clinic - ul. Zoological 3, the body B;
Clinic Healthy Family - st. Kruglouniversitetskaya 3/5;
diagnostic and treatment center Ditina - Prospekt Alishera Navoi 3.
In private clinics can be scheduled or emergency vaccination. At itself it is desirable to have a map of vaccinations and ambulatory child card.
Where to get vaccinated in Moscow?
In private clinics can be vaccinated directly in the center and at home. Addresses the most popular clinics for vaccination in Moscow:
Children's Medical Center Mobile Medicine - Michurinsky Avenue 25, building 2;
Prima Medical Center physician - South-West, Str. Akademika Chelomeya 10 Bytes.;
Vaccination Center Inpromed - m Youth. Str. Elninskaya 20, the housing 2;
Diavaks vaccination center - st. Solzhenitsyn, 27, and st. Khovanskaya 6;
Institute. Gabrichevskogo - Str. Admiral Makarov 10.
Where vaccinations in St. Petersburg?
Prevention through vaccinations for children and adults is carried out in the following medical centers of St. Petersburg:
Center for Health Protection Blagomed - ave. Bogatyrskiy 59, casing 3, lit.. A;
European Center for vaccination - nab. Fontanka 132, letter. 3;
Research Institute of Influenza vaccination room - Professor Popov 15;
International Center for Medical Prevention - Parkhomenko Ave 29;.
Almeda vaccination center - etc. Kolomyazhsky 15/1..
It should be noted that the disease prevention industry in our country is developing rapidly. So the question: "Where to get vaccinated?" Of this or that disease is not a problem. There are many clinics and centers, where vaccination is carried out for adults and children. The main thing is to do it in a timely manner.
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