METHODS OF DEVELOPMENT OF Montessori
Here it is assumed that the child learns everything without coercion, based on his own motivation, and he chooses his own interests, the duration of classes. The role of the teacher is to encourage the baby, to prepare the environment (for example, a selection of material for the work that corresponds to the proportions and growth of the child).
The kid gets the opportunity to perform tasks himself, so he can detect and correct his mistake. There is enough material for such a system. For example, toy-sorters - boxes with holes of different shapes, where the child must insert a suitable figure in shape.
This method of early development of children has many positive aspects:
- promotes the development of hand motility, attention,
- imagination, memory;
- forms logical thinking;
- teaches independence;
- instills communication skills.
The Doman system
Under his leadership, good methods were developed for the early development of the baby. On them, you can start learning from three months of the baby's life. The goal is to activate mental activity, here the method of visual perception is used. It is necessary to make special cards on certain topics. The picture is glued to the cardboard sheet, the image is framed, and under it the name of the drawing is written in red big letters (it will irritate the eye receptors more, and, therefore, the information is more likely to be remembered).
Cards should be shown to the child for a small time (but several times a day), calling the object depicted on it. The baby sees and hears the memory. The basic idea of this system is the memorization of the word at once as a whole, and not the addition of it from syllables, letters. Gradually, you can increase the number of such cards. The system is quite strong and interesting for children, they like to view bright pictures.
Training in cubes Zaitsev
Using the method of early development of children according to the Zaitsev system, the child will learn to pronounce correctly all the sounds, and, therefore, clearly speak. On the sides of the cube are written warehouses (single letters, their combination), from which the child tries to form a word. All the cubes differ from each other in size, color, ringing, which emit. So the kid can feel the difference of the vowel from the consonant, ringing from the deaf.
The method of Boris and Elena Nikitin
This system is recommended to be used in the aggregate. It is represented by various developmental games designed for the participation of adults in the game. Basically it's a puzzle. They are aimed at developing imaginative, as well as logical thinking. The child himself thinks out how, for example, to complete the figure, i.e. The result in the same game can be different.
The above methods of early development of children indicate that a comprehensive approach to the child's education is possible.