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Vitamins for dry, oily and problem skin: a way of application and dose

One of the signs of human health is the beautiful face skin. To maintain her tone, a full-fledged care and, of course, a complex of vitamins and minerals.

Complex care consists of enrichment of the epidermis with various useful substances. They saturate the tissues with everything necessary, add freshness and support youth. 13 organic compounds known to science impose a certain imprint on the beauty of the face, participate in the process of regeneration and nutrition.

Vitamins enter the body in such ways:

  • Natural components obtained by the use of products (main source).
  • Synthetic vitamin preparations and supplements.
  • Cosmetic masks.

Useful components are divided by their solubility:

  1. Water soluble - easily soluble in water, well absorbed by the body and quickly absorbed into the blood. This category includes group B and C.
  2. Fat-soluble - poorly soluble in water, so they must be mixed with fats. These include: A, E, D, K. The most useful combination for the skin is a mixture of glycerin and tocopherol.

Particular attention is paid to the skin features when choosing vitamins. There are 4 main types: dry, oily, mixed and normal. Each species has its own needs for care. To choose the substances that the body needs, you should consult a cosmetologist and a nutritionist.

For a full-fledged functioning of the whole body, a balanced diet is needed. Artificial preparations are well absorbed and absorbed, quickly improving the condition of the epidermis. No less useful are masks, for the preparation of which fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy products are used.

Indications Vitamins for the skin of the face

To maintain the health and beauty of the skin, it is very important to supply it with useful substances. Indications for the use of vitamins depend on the needs of the epidermis, the main of which are:

  • Restoration of cellular respiration.
  • Humidification.
  • Reducing the severity of deep wrinkles and wrinkled meshes.
  • Elimination of puffiness.
  • Elimination of pigmentation.
  • Increased strength of vascular walls.

When administered orally, organic compounds with blood flow are carried throughout the body and have a positive effect on the skin from the inside. Another option for using microelements is their external application. Important is balanced nutrition, which provides the body not only with vitamins, but also with other components necessary for the full functioning of the body.

In order for the application of vitamin therapy to be reasonable, one should consult a cosmetologist. The doctor will determine the skin type of the face, identify the problems and designate the means for their elimination.

What vitamins are needed for the skin of the face?

Skin is the largest organ of the human body. It needs oxygen and nutrients for normal growth, breathing and cell renewal. All the physiological processes taking place in the epidermis are complex coordinated cascades of biochemical reactions. That is, the appearance (elasticity, dullness, smartness, smoothness) and protective functions from the aggressive influence of the environment are carried out by biochemical reactions at the cellular level.

For normal functioning, the epidermis needs nutrients. Consider the most useful vitamins for skin:

  • A - normalizes pigmentation and regeneration processes, promotes the production of collagen. Eliminates peeling and oily shine, fights acne and acne, moisturizes.
  • B1 - struggling with aging.
  • B2 - regulates metabolic processes and maintains a normal color.
  • B5 - smoothes wrinkles.
  • B6 - prevents dermatological diseases and accelerates the healing process.
  • B9 - helps to get rid of acne and acne.
  • B12 - renews the skin, rejuvenating the epidermis.
  • C - promotes the production of collagen, increases the elasticity and health of blood vessels.
  • D - supports the tone of the face muscles, slows down the aging process.
  • E - protects against ultraviolet and updates the dermis at the cellular level.
  • K - normalizes pigmentation, maintains uniform color.
  • PP - maintains elasticity and healthy skin color.
  • H - accelerates the process of regeneration of epidermal cells.

The health of the skin of the face and whole body depends on the course of biochemical reactions for which coenzymes are needed that activate these processes and maintain their normal course. As coenzymes act vitamins, both entering the body, and applied externally.

The method of using useful substances depends on the situation and is individual for each person. If the skin is in poor condition, it is possible, both external and internal application. To maintain healthy skin in good condition, it is sufficient to perform vitamin therapy 2-4 times a year.

Vitamins for dry skin

A fairly common problem faced by both men and women is the increased dryness of the facial skin. It arises from a multitude of problems, ranging from hereditary predispositions and disorders of the body, to unbalanced nutrition and improper care.

The main signs of dry skin:

  • Changes in pigmentation.
  • Impaired elasticity.
  • Peeling.
  • Inflammatory processes and redness.
  • Burning.
  • Feeling taut.

If the face is peeling, then this indicates a vitamin A deficiency, which is responsible for the production of sebum. The appearance of wrinkles and a change in the clear outlines of the oval is a lack of collagen, that is, vitamin C. Frequent irritations, redness and rashes - vitamin E. To improve tissue regeneration, that is, acceleration of wound healing - PP.

Let's consider in more detail what dry skin of the face needs:

  • A - is necessary not only to maintain the health of the skin, but also the entire body. Responsible for the work of the sebaceous glands, cell renewal and their formation. Contained in milk, green vegetables, peas, egg yolk.
  • B - its deficiency is manifested by small lesions, peeling and cracks. It is part of many creams, as well as found in dairy products, fruits, eggs and meat.
  • C - responsible for the growth of new cells and the renewal of the upper layers of the dermis. Maintains normal blood circulation, providing a healthy color. Its deficiency is manifested by pallor, increased dryness and dimness of the epidermis. Contained in citrus, strawberry, kiwi and pineapple.
  • E - smoothes the upper layers of the dermis, making a clear oval face. Promotes resorption of scars and scars, accelerates the healing of wounds. Contained in nuts, green vegetables and beans. Tocopherol can be purchased at the pharmacy in the form of special capsules and add them to face masks. In this case, the active ingredient will cover the dermis with a thin protective film that will retain moisture and protect it from the aggressive effects of the environment.

No less useful for dry face skin will be multivitamin complexes that supply the body with a full complex of macro and microelements.

Vitamins for oily skin

Another problematic type of epidermis is oily skin. It gives a lot of inconvenience to its owner:

  • Bold shine.
  • Acne rashes.
  • Pimples.
  • Intensive sweating and a number of other problems.

But despite this, this type of epidermis has the advantage - it retains its youth even after 30 years. To normalize the work of the sebaceous glands, the regeneration of damaged tissues and the growth of new cells, special vitamins are needed. For oily skin of the face it is recommended to use such microelements:

  • A - regulates the amount of subcutaneous fat and the work of the sebaceous glands. Prevents greasy shine.
  • PP - dries the sebaceous glands, stimulates the circulatory system and improves the nutrition of tissues.
  • B5 - pantothenic acid has a drying effect, normalizes the work of the sebaceous glands. Ideal for oily and problematic skin.

To care for the face, you can use creams and tonics that contain the above substances. Equally useful is the use of products with these components. The necessary organic compounds are found in milk, apples, figs, grapefruits, green vegetables, almonds.

Vitamins for facial skin from acne

A common problem that everyone faced was acne. Acne is a sebaceous gland, in which, due to an incorrect outflow of sebum and interaction with bacteria, an inflammatory process has begun. The presence of a large number of acne requires medical assistance (beautician, dermatologist, nutritionist). Most often, this defect is connected with such factors:

  • Disorders of the endocrine system.
  • Incorrect food.
  • Non-compliance with hygiene.
  • Poor ecological living conditions.
  • Frequent nervous experiences and stress.
  • Deficiency of useful substances.

There are certain vitamins for facial skin from acne, consider them:

  • A - increases elasticity and elasticity, normalizes metabolic processes. In large quantities found in carrots, sour cream, vegetable and cream butter, dairy products.
  • B - fights bacteria that cause inflammation. Promotes the normalization of metabolism. The most necessary for the skin is nicotinic acid, that is vitamin B3. This component contributes to tissue repair by improving the work of the sebaceous glands. Contained in legumes, nuts, mushrooms, egg yolks, seafood, sour cream, beef and pork.
  • C - improves the structure of the epidermis, eliminates toxins and irritation. In large quantities is found in citrus, dogrose, black currant, sea-buckthorn, kiwi, cabbage and bell pepper.
  • E - tocopherol accelerates the healing of wounds, supports the elasticity and youth of the face. Protects against the negative impact of the environment. Contained in vegetable oil, nuts, dried apricots, oatmeal, olives.
  • D - has antioxidant properties, is formed in the skin under the influence of sunlight. In a small amount is in butter, sour cream, chicken eggs, seafood, liver and fish oil.

No less useful in the fight against acne are drugs with zinc - it's ready-made pharmacy complexes. They destroy harmful bacteria, dry out inflammation and improve the condition of the face.

See also:  Pharmaceutical vitamins for face skin

 

Pharmacodynamics

For normal cellular metabolism, the functioning of all organs and systems, the transformation of energy and many other processes, vitamins are needed. Organic compounds have a diverse chemical structure, and therefore are part of the coenzymes, which take part in the metabolism, the assimilation of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, enzymatic reactions and many other processes.

Let us consider in more detail the pharmacodynamics of the main groups of biologically active comoments:

  • Water-soluble vitamins B1 and B2 take part in the energy metabolism, B6, B9 and B12 regulate biosynthesis, transformation of amino acids, proteins and fatty acids. C and PP are responsible for oxidation-reduction reactions.
  • Fat-soluble A, E and K affect the functional properties of biological membranes. Retinol takes part in the metabolism of glycoproteins and lipids. D synthesizes clotting factors.

Deficiency of any substance leads to insufficient formation of enzymes and metabolic disorders. This negatively affects the skin and the whole body.

Pharmacokinetics

Each specific vitamin performs certain functions in the body. But at the same time, all organic compounds increase resistance to infections and work capacity, regulate metabolic processes. Their effectiveness is partially determined by pharmacokinetics, that is, processes of absorption, distribution and excretion.

Consider the pharmacokinetic properties of components beneficial to the skin of the face:

  • A - retinol is emulsified with bile acids, gradually transferred to the lymphatic system and liver. Splits into several substances, binding to specific proteins, entering the blood. It is characterized by an uneven distribution: a large part in the liver and retina, less in the heart, endocrine glands and adipose tissue.
  • B1 - after ingestion it is absorbed in the duodenum and is found in the blood after 5 minutes. It is determined in the tissues after 30 minutes. It accumulates in the kidneys, liver, skeletal muscles, brain, heart.
  • B2 - quickly absorbed from the intestine. Unevenly distributed and creates small reserves in the body. It is excreted unchanged in urine.
  • B5 - pantothenic acid is well absorbed in the small intestine, penetrating into all organs. Creates high concentrations in the liver and kidneys. Do not undergo biotransformation, is excreted unchanged in urine.
  • B6 - effectively distributed across all tissues, subjected to biotransformation and excreted from the body with urine.
  • C - at a dosage of up to 200 mg is absorbed in the small intestine. Easily penetrates into all tissues, including platelets and leukocytes. Metabolized in the liver, excreted in the urine and feces.
  • D - after ingestion about 60% of the dose is absorbed into the body. Calciferol enters the lymph and blood plasma, forms active metabolites in the liver and kidneys. It is excreted with bile, but metabolites are retained in adipose tissue.
  • E - is effectively absorbed in the presence of fatty and bile acids, emulsified in the duodenum. It enters the lymph and the total blood flow, by binding to serum albumins and lipoproteins. It is excreted mainly with bile and urine.
  • K (K1, K2, K3) - absorbed in the initial section of the small intestine, but needs fat and bile acids for good digestion. Completely metabolized, excreted with bile and urine.
  • PP - nicotinic acid is absorbed in the initial parts of the small intestine, penetrates into all organs and tissues. Biotransformiruetsya in the liver, excreted in the urine.

Most of the nutrients are not synthesized in the body, so they must come with food.

Use Vitamins for the skin of the face during pregnancy

Bears a child - this is a serious test for the whole body, including the skin. Hormonal rearrangements increase its sensitivity and make it more susceptible to aggressive environmental influences. Because of this, the skin layer loses its moisture level, the sebum secretion is disturbed and inflammation often develops. Also favorable conditions for reproduction of bacterial flora are created.

As a rule, the pregnancy period takes place with deficit A, E and F. Consider the most essential for the skin organic compounds depending on the trimester:

  1. In the first months you should take folic acid in which not only the skin and the female body needs, but also the future child. Retinol and tocopherol will also be useful.
  2. In the second trimester, the body's needs for nutrients significantly increase. It is recommended to increase the amount of organic compounds of group B and C, and also to add to the diet products rich in iodine and calcium.
  3. At this time, the body needs retinol, ascorbic acid, calciferol and iron.

In order for the body and skin to receive all the necessary macro and microelements, you should adhere to a healthy balanced diet. It is not superfluous to contact your doctor for the selection of a multivitamin complex.

Contraindications

Biologically active substances have certain contraindications to use. Organic compounds are prohibited in such cases: hypersensitivity and high-grade arterial hypertension. With extreme caution, vitamin complexes should be taken with malignant diseases, liver, gallbladder, stomach and duodenal ulcers.

Side effects Vitamins for the skin of the face

Organic compounds can cause toxic and allergic reactions, which are manifested by hypervitaminosis. Severe complications most often occur with incorrect use of A, D, E, K. There are severe symptoms of intoxication, skin rashes and small-scale hemorrhages, increased body temperature and increased intracranial pressure. In especially severe cases, anaphylactic shock is possible.

Consider the side effects of popular microelements when they are used inside:

  • A - headaches, visual disturbances, dermatitis, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Cramps, temporary loss of sensitivity and increased drowsiness are also possible.
  • D - loss of appetite, joint pain, increased pressure.
  • C - diarrhea, increased coagulability of blood, hyperglycemia.
  • Group B - disturbance of metabolic processes and blood circulation, arrhythmia, CNS depression.
  • E - disorders of stool, vascular disorders, decreased visual acuity.

To reduce the risk of developing side-effects, drugs should be used only for medical purposes, adhering to the recommended dosage and course of therapy. Also, to minimize adverse reactions, it is best to consume vitamins after or during meals.

Dosing and administration

To get maximum benefit from vitamins, they need to be taken correctly, adhering to the dosage necessary for each particular case. Such precautions are connected with the fact that the surplus of useful substances, like their deficiency, negatively affects the condition of not only the skin of the face, but also of the whole organism.

  1. First of all, determine the goal, that is, the problem for the solution of which you need micro and macro elements. To improve the general condition of the body, a vitamin complex, matched according to age, is suitable.
  2. To eliminate certain skin defects, you need specific substances that are better taken after consulting a dermatologist or a cosmetologist.
  3. Do not experiment and do not take individual vitamins with vitamin complexes, use one thing.
  4. When taking oral nutrients, take breaks after each course for 2-3 months. Do not forget about face masks, which locally provide the epidermis with everything you need.

You should also take care of a balanced diet. The products rich in useful substances will be no less useful than pharmacy multivitamin complexes. Do not forget about a healthy sleep and positive emotions, in combination with the necessary trace elements, they will make the skin beautiful and will retain its youth for a long time.

Vitamin E for facial skin

Deficiency of biologically active substances causes violations of many processes in the human body. Vitamin E or tocopherol has a wide application in cosmetology. It is used for complex face care, added to decorative cosmetics and daily use products.

Tocopherol is a group of biologically active fat-soluble compounds with pronounced antioxidant properties. In nature, it exists in the form of four isomers, which differ in chemical structure, functions and level of biological activity.

Tocopherol is good for the face. Its effectiveness is based on the mechanism of action. The substance takes part in the metabolic processes of the body. Protects the epidermis from the negative effects of the environment due to its pronounced antioxidant properties.

Benefits of tocopherol for the face:

  • Stimulates the production of estrogen.
  • Protects against UV rays.
  • Slows down the aging process.
  • Accelerates regeneration processes.
  • Promotes better assimilation of vitamin A.
  • Increases elasticity.
  • Normalizes the pigmentation of the skin.
  • Eliminates stains, scars, stretch marks and freckles.
  • Effective in the treatment of acne and acne.
  • Smoothes wrinkles.
  • Possesses lifting effect.
  • Improves microcirculation and strengthens blood vessels.
  • Cures inflammation.
  • Regulates the secretion of the sebaceous glands.
  • Normalizes the water balance of the dermis.

The substance forms water-repellent complexes, which protect the epidermis from the aggressive influence of the environment. A natural antioxidant prevents tissue aging and malignant cell degeneration.

Vitamin E is available in the form of capsules with liquid oil content, that is, in pure form. Also it is a part of many natural oils and products. For external use, pharmacy forms can be used: an oily solution in the form of gelatin capsules, a solution in ampoules or vials. Use concentrated liquid with extreme caution. The substance is not recommended to be applied to large areas of the skin, as this can cause inflammatory and allergic reactions. The microelement is better added to cosmetics or used as a basis for home masks, creams, emulsions.

The simplest way to use tocopherol is to rub it into your face or add it to your daily care cream. The substance is especially useful in the autumn-spring period, when the organism, and especially the skin, suffer from beriberi.

Consider the most effective vitamin recipes for face care:

  1. Mix 25 ml of glycerin with 10 ml of pure tocopherol. The resulting solution is applied to the skin before going to bed.
  2. Take 30 ml of freshly squeezed aloe juice and 5 drops of tocopherol and riboflavin. Apply the mixture for 10-15 minutes, rinse with warm water with gentle massage movements.
  3. Pour a couple of tablespoons of cottage cheese with two teaspoons of olive oil and 5-7 drops of tocopherol. Apply the mixture for 15 minutes, rinse with warm water.

In a natural form, tocopherol is found in whole grains, white cabbage, broccoli, cucumbers, beans, peas. In unrefined vegetable oils (soybean, olive, corn and others), as well as in butter, cod liver, tuna.

Vitamin E and glycerin for facial skin

Unique properties are the combination of vitamin E and glycerin. When these components are applied to the face, a film is formed that retains moisture and protects from the aggressive effects of environmental factors.

  1. Glycerin is a viscous, water-soluble and colorless liquid with a sweet taste. It moisturizes, smoothes fine wrinkles and protects the epidermis from germs and contaminants.
  2. Vitamin E - accelerates cellular metabolism, makes the face supple and elastic. Slows down the aging process, improves blood circulation and promotes the renewal of damaged tissues.

The combination of glycerin and tocopherol slows oxidative processes at the cellular level, improves skin nutrition and protects it from UV radiation. It effectively moisturizes, maintains the water-lipid balance and eliminates swelling, normalizes the relief of tissues. The unique composition accelerates the production of collagen, thereby maintaining youth and beauty.

Glycerin mask with tocopherol is universal, as it is ideal for any type of skin and at any age. Consider the popular recipes for face care based on these components:

  1. Take two tablespoons of glycerin and the same amount of almond oil. Add to the ingredients 1 teaspoon of tocopherol and egg yolk. Thoroughly mix everything and apply on face for 10-15 minutes.
  2. To treat acne, acne and other skin eruptions, mix in equal proportions honey, glycerin and tocopherol. For the density of the resulting mixture, you can add a little oatmeal. Apply on the skin for 10-15 minutes 3 times a week until the condition improves.
  3. To combat increased production of sebum, take two tablespoons of warm boiled water, one spoonful of glycerin and ½ vitamin E. Mix thoroughly and add a little blue clay. Apply the mask to the cleansed skin.

The glycerol mixture can be stored in a refrigerator and used as needed. After its use, it is recommended to wash the face with warm water and apply a moisturizing cream.

Vitamin F for facial skin

The complex of unsaturated fatty acids is a vitamin. For facial skin, it is also useful, like retinol, ascorbic acid or tocopherol. Organic compound is not practical synthesized in the body, so getting it better from food or special preparations. The substance takes part in the metabolism of cholesterol, the excess of which is negative reflects the state of the skin. Promotes tissue epithelization, increases the reactivity of the immune system and prevents the formation of prostaglandins.

The condition of the facial skin is largely dependent on the rate of lipid metabolism in the tissues. This process is responsible for vitamin F, which has the following properties:

  • Smoothes fine wrinkles.
  • Keeps moisture inside the epidermis, preventing its dehydration.
  • Stimulates the production of collagen.
  • Restores hydrolipid mantle (epithelial barrier).
  • Raises the turgor.
  • Accelerates the exfoliation of cells.
  • Stops inflammation.
  • Removes pigment spots and smooths the tone of the face.

Unsaturated fatty acid is a part of drugs for the treatment of many dermatological diseases, including psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema, seborrhea, allergic rashes. It can be purchased in a pharmacy in ampoules and capsules or obtained from certain foods. F is a part of soybean, sunflower corn and linseed oil. Contained in dried fruits, seeds, mollusks, ocean fish, avocado and currant.

To improve the condition of the skin of the face and maintain its beauty, it is necessary to take no more than 10 g of lipid compounds per day. The course of treatment takes 4 to 6 months. Organic substance is not recommended for hypersensitivity to lipids, obstruction of bile ducts, susceptibility to allergic reactions and cholecystitis.

Vitamin D for the skin of the face

Calciferol is a substance that prolongs the youthfulness of the skin. Vitamin D has such an effect on the skin:

  • Accelerates regeneration processes.
  • Reduces the signs of psoriasis.
  • Slows down the aging.
  • Supports water-lipid balance.
  • Increases turgor and tone.
  • Prevention of tuberculosis and skin cancer.
  • Protects from ultraviolet radiation.
  • Reduces sweating.

A natural substance is produced in the body under the influence of sunlight. But to compensate for its deficiency in the body and complex skin care, a special diet is shown.

The composition of therapeutic nutrition includes foods rich in D. It is found in fish oil, fish, milk, sunflower oil, sea kale, yeast, parsley. But with excessive use, the substance has a toxic effect on the body.

Vitamin PP for facial skin

Nicotinic acid or vitamin PP has a pronounced therapeutic effect. It promotes the renewal of cells and saturates the deep layers of the dermis with beneficial substances. Ideal for care for both oily and dry skin.

Useful properties of vitamin PP for the face:

  • Moisturizes and maintains the water balance.
  • Effectively cleans pores.
  • Has anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Accelerates regeneration processes.
  • It dilates blood vessels and activates blood flow.
  • Supports the turgor and tightens the face.
  • Improves the relief and eliminates wrinkles.
  • Reduces swelling and removes bags under the eyes.
  • Protects against harmful effects of UV.
  • Restores a healthy color and fights against pigmentation.
  • Normalizes the work of the sebaceous glands.
  • Prevents malignant lesions of the dermis.

Nicotinic acid removes dryness of the skin, relieves itching, burning and flaking. The substance is added to tonics, lotions, creams and masks. But despite all the useful properties, there are a number of contraindications that should be considered before applying it:

  • Hypersensitivity.
  • Pathology of the cardiovascular system.
  • Diseases of the endocrine system.
  • Pregnancy and lactation.

Before applying the microelement in cosmetology, you need to consult a beautician. The course of treatment should be at least a month. To achieve a stable therapeutic effect, the vitamin can be taken either inside or outside.

Recipes for face care with PP:

  1. Mix a teaspoon of honey with the same amount of olive oil and ampoule of nicotinic acid. Apply the mixture to the cleansed skin, wash off after 40-60 minutes with warm water.
  2. Dissolve a tablespoon of lemon juice in water and pour in a vial of nipples. Add a spoonful of white cosmetic clay to the mixture. Apply to a steamed face. Rinse off after drying.
  3. To eliminate the hyperpigmentation, mix 10 g of ground ginger root with two PP ampoules. Dampen the cotton ball into the resulting liquid and treat the face. After 10-20 minutes, rinse.

In addition to the above recipes, which you can prepare yourself, vitamin is used for injections. This kind of facial treatment accelerates the process of restoring damaged tissues, activates blood flow and rejuvenates. The subcutaneous administration of the active ingredient should be performed by a cosmetologist.

Incorrect use of a microelement can cause side effects. Most often, patients complain of redness, burning and tingling of the skin. Also, headaches and dizziness, a sharp decrease in blood pressure with intramuscular injection of the drug. Side effects are short-term and go through 20 minutes after the procedure begins.

Vitamins for hair and skin

To preserve beauty and youth, the body needs vitamins. For hair and facial skin, they are especially needed, since their deficiency is manifested by fragility and dry hair, skin peeling and other unpleasant symptoms. Organic compounds act as activators of biochemical reactions. They regulate and maintain the normal functioning of all organs and systems at the molecular level.

In fact, the hair is an appendage of the skin, that is, they are part of the epidermis. The hair consists of a long fiber, the growth and nutrition of which provides the follicle located in the skin of the head or other part of the body. For normal growth and life support, the follicle should receive full nutrition and oxygen.

The most common problem is hair loss, so consider what substances you need to take for healthy growth and prevent baldness:

  • A - reduces fragility, provides normal density, elasticity and growth. Retinol normalizes the production of sebum, preventing seborrhea, that is, excessive fat content.
  • B2 - supports the flow of blood to the hair follicles. Due to intensive blood circulation, the flow of oxygen and useful components to the follicles increases. From the hair bulbs micro and macro elements penetrate into the hair cells. Normal nutrition of the bulb prevents hair loss and dryness. Deficiency of B6 is manifested by dry tips and fatness at the roots.
  • B3 - normalizes metabolic processes in the follicles and improves their nutrition, stops falling out. Lack of nicotinic acid leads to a slow growth of hair and their increased dryness.
  • B5 - penetrates into the hair follicle, improves metabolic processes and blood circulation. From the follicle penetrates into the hair cells and regulates the metabolism in it. Pantothenic acid strengthens the hair from the inside, making it strong and beautiful. When the substance is deficient, the hair grows very slowly and grows gray quickly.
  • B6 - a powerful stimulant of metabolic processes. Eliminates dandruff and dermal itching of the head, struggles with hair loss.
  • Н - provides durability and beauty of hair thanks to regulation of work of sebaceous glands. The disadvantage of H leads to the fact that the hair becomes greasy and begin to fall out.
  • B9 - folic acid is necessary to enhance the effect of B5. If you take these substances in the complex, then stop hair loss and significantly accelerate their growth.
  • With - improves microcirculation and normalizes the tone of capillaries, strengthening the flow of blood to the hair bulbs. This improves nutrition and hair growth.
  • E - normalizes the nutrition of the hair bulb and the secretion of sebum. Promotes the activation of hair growth cells, supplies oxygen.
  • F - strengthens and increases resistance to negative effects of the environment.

Before the use of vitamin preparations should consult a trichologist and dermatologist, since in some cases, the poor condition of hair is not due to a deficiency of nutrients, but with other causative factors. It can be a hormonal imbalance, a digestive tract disease or a dermatological pathology.

Vitamins for face and nails skin

Like other organs and parts of the body, the nails grow and change. They need vitamins that support their normal condition, nutrition, strength and beauty. Like hair, nails eat from the inside, that is, the substances they need must come from the root, which in turn is nourished from blood. That is, all the useful components fall into the nail through the blood vessels, and not outside. But prolonged external treatment with vitamins makes it possible to achieve a certain effect, which unfortunately is not comparable with internal application.

Organic compounds need nails to regulate their metabolic processes, growth, color. Their deficiency leads to slow growth, deformation of the nail plate, its fragility and thinning. In addition, useful substances increase the protection against fungal lesions.

The most useful vitamins for nails:

  • A - is involved in the formation and growth of epithelial tissues. Lays a soft area (hole) of the nail, which later turns into a solid plate. Deficiency of retinol leads to the fact that the nail grows twisted and thin.
  • Group B - nails need B1, B2, B5, B9. It is these components that regulate metabolic processes, the synthesis of useful components, the growth rate and the strength of the nail plate. In this case, B1 is the main component of the health of the skin, nails and hair.
  • C and E - have antioxidant properties and prevent the destruction of nails under the influence of high temperatures, pathogens and various contaminants. The deficiency of ascorbic acid and tocopherol makes the nails dry and brittle, and small depressions may appear on the plate.
  • D - responsible for the formation of the nail plate. Promotes the absorption of calcium, which is a structural element of bones, teeth and nail tissues.
  • N - maintains a healthy and beautiful appearance. With its deficiency, the nails are stratified, darken, furrows and cracks appear on them.
  • PP - provides effective regeneration of the nail plate, plasticity and its rapid growth.

The supply of the organism with the above mentioned substances favorably affects the condition of the nails, facial skin and the whole body, and also on the appearance of the hair. In addition to vitamin compounds, nails need minerals: fluoride, iodine, zinc, magnesium, selenium, iron.

Vitamins and minerals for the skin of the face

One of the components of beauty is a clean and healthy skin. To maintain its normal state should be fully fed, take vitamins and minerals. For the skin of the face, such biologically active components are recommended:

  • Zinc - fights infections, reduces the risk of dermatitis, acne and other skin diseases. It removes toxins from the body and creates a special immune barrier.
  • Potassium - regulates metabolic processes at the cellular level. Its deficiency is manifested by bags under the eyes, itching, dry and flaky skin.
  • Copper is a mineral with a wide spectrum of action. Stimulates the formation of elastin to form a healthy skin skeleton. Strengthens the walls of blood vessels, promotes healthy and proper tanning. Tones and supports the turgor.
  • Iron - normalizes blood circulation. Good blood circulation provides intensive nutrition of tissues and their rapid renewal.
  • Selenium - this mineral is necessary for better absorption of vitamins. It prevents oncological damage to the dermis, lungs, chest and heart. Stimulates the immune system. Protects against the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation.
  • Calcium - has regenerative properties, improves regeneration and renewal of connective tissue.
  • Sulfur - is part of the amino acids necessary to maintain the health of the skin. Lack of sulfur is manifested by frequent inflammatory processes and allergic reactions.
  • Silicon - stimulates the renewal of cells, ensures the normal functioning of the skin. Responsible for the elasticity and elasticity of tissues.
  • Bromine - it stops inflammation and itching, minimizes irritation. It is part of the most effective face care products.
  • Sodium - regulates the osmotic pressure of cells, provides an acid-base balance. Heals the dermis and removes painful conditions.

In addition to the above mineral substances, the person needs lycopene (protects against UV), Omega-3 fatty acids (stop the inflammatory processes, increase the turgor), alpha lipoic acid (a strong antioxidant), astaxanthine (purifies from harmful substances). Also, the skin needs hyaluronic acid, which retains water, supporting the hydration of tissues and nutrition.

Minerals and vitamins can not function without each other. Therefore, to maintain a healthy state of tissues and the whole body, it is necessary to take them in a complex.

Vitamins for the face skin at home

To maintain healthy skin, you must adhere to a balanced diet and take care of it properly. At home, you can prepare various vitamin masks, creams and other cosmetics. Consider the popular recipes:

  • Oily skin

Take 20 grams of red clay and a teaspoon of yeast. Mix the ingredients and add 2-3 drops of tocopherol. Apply a mask, cover the top with a film and a towel. Rinse off after 15-20 minutes with cool water. Such a remedy restores the health of the skin, normalizes the production of sebum and eliminates comedones.

  • Dry skin

This type of dermis needs full nutrition. For the preparation of masks, liposoluble organic compounds should be used. Take a tablespoon of sour cream and one egg yolk. Add 3-5 drops of A, E and D. Wash the mask after it dries. It effectively smoothes wrinkles and restores skin relief.

  • For face rejuvenation

Take a tablespoon of honey and ½ sour cream, add 50 g of cottage cheese, egg yolk, a couple drops of lemon juice. Mix everything well and add the ampoule of aloe, B1 and B12. The agent should be applied every evening for 14 days.

  • For moisturizing the skin

A tablespoon of peach seed oil is mixed with 10 g of aqueous lanolin, 5 g of natural wax, 7 g of Vaseline and 2 g of zinc oxide. Vaseline, lanolin and wax melt in a water bath. Add to the ingredients peach butter, zinc oxide, borax and 1.5 tablespoons of water. Mix all the ingredients again and add the ampoule of retinol and B12. The resulting composition can be applied not only to the face, but also to the neck and neck area. The medium is kept for 20-30 minutes and rinsed off with warm water with the help of massage movements.

Overdose

Many biologically active substances have a low toxicity and are well tolerated even with the use of increased doses. But with prolonged use, it is possible to develop an overdose. External application causes allergic reactions, but when ingested or intravenously, there are more serious symptoms.

  • A - overdose is possible when consuming more than 1 g at a time. Due to the increase in membrane permeability and hypersecretion of the cerebrospinal fluid, intracranial pressure sharply increases. There are severe headaches, attacks of nausea and vomiting, convulsions, visual disturbances and confusion. There are also rashes on extensive areas of the body with subsequent desquamation. For treatment, osmotic diuretics, concentrated protein preparations are indicated.
  • B1 - causes serious allergic reactions and in especially severe cases anaphylactic shock. Intravenous administration provokes a chill, a feeling of heat, burning and numbness of the extremities. There are sharp pains in the area of the heart, headaches, respiratory disorders. Treatment is based on the principles of resuscitation.
  • В3 - application of 1-1.5 g per day provokes severe dermatological reactions, attacks of stenocardia, hyperglycemia, ulcerative gastrointestinal disorders and exacerbation of gastritis. Long-term administration leads to a decrease in the lipotropic effect of drugs for the treatment of liver diseases. For treatment, the abolition of B3 is indicated.
  • B6 - with intramuscular injection of more than 1 ml of a 2.5% solution of pyridoxine, anaphylactic reactions appear. There is also a sharp drop in blood pressure, swelling of the lips and eyelids, blistering rashes on the body, involuntary bowel movement. To normalize the painful condition, intravenous administration of 40% glucose, a solution of strophanthin, diprazine.
  • В12 - allergic reactions, in rare cases anaphylactic shock. Therapy is based on the withdrawal of the drug and symptomatic treatment.
  • C - overdose appears when introducing more than 1-1.5 g of substance. In this case, there are severe headaches, sleep and wakefulness, a feeling of heat, an increase in blood pressure. For treatment it is necessary to stop taking ascorbic acid.
  • D2 - the clinical picture of intoxication is manifested by a sharp headache and muscle pains, increased blood pressure.

To reduce the risk of overdose symptoms, you should take vitamins only for medical use, with the recommended dosage.

Interactions with other drugs

Some vitamins are incompatible with each other, so their interactions with other drugs should be strictly controlled by the attending physician. Getting into the human body, useful substances activate the metabolic processes. But their simultaneous application can both enhance the effect of each of them, so suppress.

  • A - it is forbidden to take it with acetylsalicylic and hydrochloric acid. Excess tocopherol significantly slows the absorption of retinol. With the use of zinc, the assimilation of A improves.
  • B1 and B2 - it is contraindicated to combine with B6, B3 and B12, magnesium, calcium. Such interactions worsen the solubility of biological compounds.
  • B9 - is incompatible with zinc, but it interacts well with ascorbic acid.
  • B12 - interactions with B1, B2, B6 and PP are forbidden, as well as with gentamycin, acetylsalicylic acid. With special care, this component should be used by people with angina, tumorous neoplasms.
  • PP - the interaction with tetracycline, hydrocortisone, euphyllin, B1, B6 and B12 is contraindicated.
  • C - can not be taken with tetracycline, diphenhydramine, penicillin and iron preparations. Injections with analgin are prohibited. It goes well with tocopherol and R.
  • D - is incompatible with tetracycline, hydrochloric acid, hydrocortisone.
  • K - incompatible with A and E, as they violate the absorption of vikasol.

Multivitamin complexes and individual vitamins should be taken only after meals to reduce the risk of adverse reactions. If this recommendation is not followed, there may be abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract. When using vitamins in the form of injections, it should be remembered that each substance must be in a separate syringe.

Before taking vitamin preparations should determine the needs of the skin and the body as a whole. Biologically active substances are better to take courses 3-4 times a year, the course should last no more than 30-40 days.

Storage conditions

The conditions of storage depend on the type of vitamin and the form of release. All substances are divided into two groups: for storage at room temperature and in a refrigerator. Additives with fatty acids, coenzyme Q10, omega-acids and fish oil should be kept in the refrigerator. The lower the storage temperature, the more slowly decomposes and loses its useful properties.

Vitamins in tablet form, in the form of powder, capsules or dragees should be kept at room temperature, that is not higher than 22 ° C. Cosmetics, which include organic compounds should be kept away from moisture from sunlight.

Shelf life

The shelf life of vitamins depends on the storage conditions. Preparations in the form of creams, emulsions, serums and other cosmetics should be used within 12-36 months (the expiration date is indicated on their packaging). Tablets should be stored for no longer than 12 months, and open injections for 24-48 hours.

Reviews

Numerous reviews confirm the effectiveness of vitamin therapy for facial care. Correctly such a tool normalizes metabolic processes, accelerates regeneration processes, struggles with wrinkles, skin rashes and other problems.

Vitamins for facial skin should be taken after consultation with a cosmetologist and dermatologist. The doctor will assess the condition of the skin and give recommendations for care. For complex therapeutic effects, vitamins should enter the body with food. No less effective are masks and other cosmetics with biologically active substances.

The best vitamins for face skin

Each trace element has its own principle of action and useful properties. Some smooth the skin, others retain elasticity and rejuvenate. Let's consider the most suitable, that is the best vitamins for a skin of the face in each concrete case:

  • To maintain beauty - A, E, C. They are taken inside and applied externally, added to the cosmetics for regular care.
  • Against peeling - A, B2, B5, B6, PP, F. Very often, dry skin is associated with a deficiency of these components.
  • To maintain youth - A, B1, C, E. Have a pronounced anti-aging effect. Vitamins are taken orally and added to cosmetic preparations.
  • For the radiance and smoothness of the epidermis - B3, C, PP, K. They struggle with pigment spots, make the face smooth and matte. Eliminate puffiness.
  • To combat acne, gums and other eruptions - A, B2, B6, C, E, N. Normalize the production of sebum and provide exfoliation of dead cells. Such microelements are taken internally for complex effects on the body.
  • For elasticity and elasticity - A, B1 and B5, E, C, PP, K. Ensure the regeneration of the skin and normalize the synthesis of collagen fibers.

To achieve the desired therapeutic effect and full-fledged facial care, useful substances should be taken orally and applied externally, adding to the care cosmetics.

It is important to know!

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Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 09.02.2019
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