Causes of miscarriage

The main causes of miscarriage are associated with problems in the hormonal sphere of women, metabolic features and immune disorders.

In addition, infectious diseases, the anatomical abnormalities of the reproductive organs and various congenital diseases play an important role in the mechanism of the development of this pathology. Often, the reasons lie in the unhealthy image of a woman and her bad habits, as well as in bad ecology, which can lead to impaired development of the fetus.

However, specialists admit that in almost half of the cases of spontaneous termination of pregnancy, the true causes of miscarriage can not be clarified.

Отцовские причины невынашивания беременности

Paternal causes of miscarriage are less important than maternal ones, except for chromosomal pathology. Nevertheless, according to many researchers, the husbands of women with habitual miscarriage have a high percentage of spermatogenesis disorders: oligospermia, polyspermia, teratospermia and leukocytospermia.

Экстрагенитальные заболевания матери и преждевременное прерывание беременности

Extragenital diseases of the mother are one of the frequent causes of premature termination of pregnancy. The group of high risk for miscarriage is primarily women with diseases of the cardiovascular system, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, liver, intestines.

Факторы прерывания беременности

Among the factors of abortion, complications of pregnancy take a big place: gestations of the second half of pregnancy, anomalies of placenta attachment, premature detachment of the placenta, improper position of the fetus.

Патология матки как причина привычного невынашивания

A major role in the etiology of habitual miscarriage is played by malformations of the uterus, especially in the termination of pregnancy of the second and third trimesters. The incidence of malformations of the uterus in the population is only 0.5-0.6%.

Нарушение системы гемостаза и невынашивание беременности

The state of the hemostatic system determines the course and outcome of pregnancy for the mother and fetus. In recent years, there has been a significant number of publications pointing to the great role of thrombophilic complications in habitual miscarriage, fetal death, placental abruption, eclampsia development, intrauterine growth retardation.

Антифосфолипидный синдром и невынашивание беременности

Antiphospholipid syndrome is the most common cause of thrombophilic complications and associated habitual pregnancy loss. There are primary antiphospholipid syndrome and secondary - if there is also an autoimmune disease (most often it is systemic lupus erythematosus).

Иммунологические причины невынашивания беременности

For several decades, with the emergence of new methodological possibilities in immunology, the problem of immunological relationships between the mother and the fetus is given the closest attention.

Бактериальные причины невынашивания беременности

In recent years, work has appeared that shows the role of disturbances in the normal microflora of the genital tract in the premature termination of pregnancy.

Коксаки-вирусная инфекция и невынашивание беременности

The high risk of vertical transmission of enteroviruses, mainly Coxsackie viruses, was established in the presence of spontaneous miscarriages, stillbirths and complications such as the threat of termination of pregnancy.

Герпес и привычное невынашивание беременности

Genital herpes is one of the most frequent human infections. Most researchers believe that the true frequency of the herpes simplex virus in women is not known, since the share of assimptomatic forms and virus carrying is high.


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